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ABC Community Walk


 

Summary:
In this activity students identify the different relationships that can be found in a community and create a class Community ABC Book.

Main Curriculum Tie:
English Language Arts KindergartenWriting Standard 2
Use a combination of drawing, dictating, and writing to compose informative/explanatory texts in which they name what they are writing about and supply some information about the topic.

Materials:

One per group:

  • Large Alphabet Chart (pdf)
  • Vis-à-Vis® pen
  • Disposable or digital camera
  • Pages to create a class ABC Community book

One per student:

Additional Resources

  • City Seen From A To Z, by Rachel Isadora; ISBN 0440846439
  • Alphabet City, by Stephen T. Johnson; ISBN 0670856312
  • A Is For Arches: A Utah Alphabet, by Becky Hall; ISBN 1585360961
  • Museum ABC, by The Metropolitan Museum Of Art; ISBN 0316071706

Attachments

Background For Teachers:
The enduring understanding for Standard II is for students to be able to discuss, “What is the relationship?” In this activity students identify the different relationships that can be found in a community. Therefore, students need to understand the meaning of the word community. Community may be defined by the place we live and the people living or working together in that same area. There can be many different kinds of communities such as a family community, neighborhood community, school community, workplace community, church/religious community, and city community. Students should understand they are a part of these different communities and they receive strength, or help, from members of a given community. For example: police officers help us keep our city safe; custodians help us keep our schools clean; teachers help us learn to read, etc. In turn, students need to recognize they can make positive contributions to their community by the choices they make. For example: a child may choose to follow the school rules; a child may choose to throw away their trash when they are at the park; a child may choose to visit an elderly neighbor who is lonely, etc.

Intended Learning Outcomes:
1. Demonstrate a positive learning attitude.
2. Develop social skills and ethical responsibility.
5. Understand and use basic concepts and skills.
6. Communicate clearly in oral, artistic, written, and nonverbal form.

Instructional Procedures:

Invitation to Learn
Ask the class, “What is a community? Give me as many examples as you can of the different kinds of communities you know.” Encourage students to generate the ideas given in the background information (e.g., they are a part of a family community or school community). Create a simple definition of community as a class to use throughout this thematic study. For example, “A community is the place where we live.” This definition may be modified as the students progress in their understanding of the concept of community. Continue the discussion by asking, “How do the people, places, or things in a community help you? What are some ways that you can help your community?” For the next few days our class will be exploring our community. By the end of our study we will be able to answer these questions in many different ways.

Instructional Procedures

  1. Walking Field Trip
    Three or four different times, the teacher will take the class on a walking field trip to different parts of the community. The teacher will need to determine safe and accessible places for students to make observations about the community. The places will vary greatly depending on where your school is located. Some suggestions include, take a walk around the inside of the school, take a walk around the outside of the school, take a walk around a nearby park, take a walk around the block of the school. If possible, choose a variety of locations to show the students the diversity of their community. The “field trip” will last approximately 20 to 30 minutes each day.
  2. Record Your Findings
    While the class is in these different areas, instruct students to look for, and identify, important people, places, and things that are a part of the community you have selected to observe. Each child should be given a clipboard, Alphabet Chart, and pencil to use during the walk. Students should record by drawing and/or writing their observations on the Alphabet Chart. For example, when a student sees a flag they draw a flag, or write “flag” in the“Ff” box of the chart. Students should be reminded to look for and record what is important; it is not necessary to write down every rock or weed they see. Students should be encouraged to write a word phonetically on their chart and not worry about correct spelling at this point. However, the teacher may take a small whiteboard, dry erase pen, and eraser to write very difficult words. The students may copy the teacher’s model onto their paper. Students may be recording different observations. There will be a time for sharing when the students return to the class. Also, students should try to find as many things as they can to represent the different letters of the alphabet. For example, in the“Pp” box, students may write “park, playground, and police officer.” Furthermore, students should try to find an item for each letter of the alphabet. This will be challenging for some of the letters and may require the teacher’s help. For example, as a class you may decide to record “X-walk or eXit” for the letter X.
  3. Share and Discuss Your Findings
    When the field trip is completed, return to the class and have the students share some of the most important and interesting people, places, or things they saw. Using a Vis-à-Vis® pen, keep a class record of the observations on an enlarged and laminated Alphabet Chart. This is when the teacher can model correct spelling of the words written on the chart. Repeat this procedure after each field trip. Notice the letters of the alphabet that do not have any words recorded by them. Encourage students to see if they can find items that begin with that letter the next time they are making observations.
  4. Take Photographs for a Class ABC Community Book
    After all the field trip observations have been recorded, assign each child one letter of the alphabet. Tell them that they will be creating a page in a class alphabet book for that letter. Allow the student to determine which word from the class Alphabet Chart s/he would like to use in the book. Next, using a disposable or digital camera, allow each child to return to the place where they saw the item on the field trip and take a photograph of it for the class book. If you are using a digital camera, it is suggested you print the photograph in black and white on 8 1/2 in. x 11 in. paper. If you are using a disposable camera have the film developed in color on 4 in. x 6 in. prints.
  5. Write the Text and Bind the Class ABC Community Book
    Next, the photographs can be mounted on paper and the child may write a one word label or a sentence to describe the photograph. For example, “Pp Police Officer,” “Pp is for Police Officer,” or “Police Officers help keep our city safe.” This is a published book, meaning a book that is intended for others to read. Students need to make sure their spelling is correct and their writing is neat and legible. The teacher may allow each child to practice his/her writing on a rough draft page before writing on the final copy page. It is suggested that the pages be 8 1/2 in. x 11 in. printed on heavy index or cardstock paper. The pages may then be placed in plastic sheet covers and placed in a three-ring binder. As an entire class, brainstorm and design the cover of the book. You may want to include a table of contents with the child’s name by the corresponding letter of the alphabet, showing the contribution s/he made to the book.
  6. Read and Discuss the Class ABC Community Book
    Finally, take the time to read the ABC Community book together as a class. Discuss why each item chosen for the book is important to the community. This is also a good time to teach the class that alphabet books are pattern books. There is a pattern to the letters of the alphabet just like there are patterns in numbers. Additional connections to math that may be seen in the photographs are the shapes and patterns in our environment. For example, bricks, windows, and doors can be rectangle shapes. Tiles, windows, and bricks may also have a pattern.

Attachments

Extensions:

Field Trip Photography
When you go on a field trip, take a disposable camera. Allow each student to take one photograph of something that is of special interest to him/her. As each child takes his/her photograph, list the child’s name and a description of the picture s/he took on a piece of paper. This will make it easier to give the correct photograph to the person who took the picture. After the film is developed, mount the picture at the top of the paper. At the bottom of the paper, provide space for the student to write about his/her photograph. Give students time to show their photographs and read their captions to each other. This makes a great bulletin board display and is a good record of a field trip for a student’s portfolio.

Family Connections

  • Give each child a copy of the Alphabet Chart to take home. Ask each child to go on a walk around his/her neighborhood with a family member. Try to find as many people, places, or things as s/he can to match each letter of the alphabet. For example, “A is for apple tree. B is for boys. C is for car. D is for dog.” Draw or write the word to represent the important items in your neighborhood on the Alphabet Chart.
  • While you are driving, encourage your child to find as many different letters of the alphabet as they can from the billboards and road signs you pass. To add a little bit more of a challenge, give your child a notebook and pencil. Have him/her write the letters s/he sees and count to find out how many of each letter s/he found. Students may also like to read billboards and road signs to you.
  • Go to the local library together. Find books about different kinds of communities (e.g., school and city communities). Read them together. Discuss the different resources that help us in our community.

Attachments

Assessment Plan:
After the class ABC Community book is completed ask the child to look through the book and choose two or three pages that show aspects of the community that are important to him/her. Have the student verbally explain how or why these people, places, or things help the community. Ask the child to explain if s/he has had any personal connections to the items s/he selected. The student should be able to express in complete sentences a clear description of how or why the items s/he has chosen are important to the community.

The student may say something like, “My mom takes me to the park in our city. I like to play on the playground.” or “I have seen the police officer drive by my house. He keeps our city safe.” The teacher may record the child’s response and place it in the child’s progress file.

Author:
Utah LessonPlans
Grace Wayman

Created Date :
Sep 09 2004 10:31 AM

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