Students will complete guided notes while learning about the earth's seasons.
Main Curriculum Tie:
Science - 6th Grade
Standard 2 Objective 1
Describe the relationship between the tilt of Earth's axis and its yearly orbit around the sun.
Background For Teachers:
The reason why we have seasons is one of the toughest concepts for
students to grasp. It is far easier to believe the misconception that we
have seasons because we are closer to the sun in the summer and further
away in the winter. This is actually false, we are further away in the
summer and closer in the winter. Also, this does not explain why we have
winter when the southern hemisphere has summer. Helping students to
overcome this misconception can be quite difficult.
The purpose of the guided notes is two fold. First, it is a way of
teaching students to take notes. Second, it is a tool to help students
review for a test. Guided notes can be used in the classroom with each
unit of study. They can be stored until the end of the year when they are
pulled out and used as a means to review for the end-of-level test. Guided
notes are teacher-prepared handouts that follow what you are going to
teach. They are easy to make, you simply write down the things that you
feel are most important for students to know and are identified in the
Core Curriculum. After you have done this, you decide key words that
you want students to focus on. These words are deleted and a blank space
is put in their place. The student fills in these blanks as the teacher goes
over the notes.
Intended Learning Outcomes:
2. Manifest Scientific Attitudes and Interests
3. Understand Science Concepts and Principles
Invitation to Learn
Guided notes rarely take the whole period, so this is a great time to
review the vocabulary that is at the end of each section of the Core
Curriculum. Flashcards, while old fashioned, are still a good way to
introduce, learn, and use science language. The cards can be laminated
and placed on a ring for easy storage. Introduce each word by reading it
and the definition, then have students repeat them with you. Review five
to eight words a day. Students have one minute to go through the cards as
quickly as they can. As soon as they think they can pass off all the words
in under one minute, they come to you and try. Show them the definition
side; they have to read the definition and say the word for all the words
in the set in under one minute. If they are able to do that, they are able to
pass off other students, helping them to continue reviewing the words.
- Give each student a Guided Notes—Seasons handout.
- Place the Guided Notes—Seasons overhead on the projector and
turn it on. This serves as a guide for you. In classes where the
students can keep up, do not fill in the blanks; simply repeat and
have the students repeat the words in the blanks. Write in the
words to accommodate students with special needs or those who
are English language learners.
- Guided notes are easy to do. You simply read the sentence, filling
in the blanks. Students write the words that go in the blanks on
their handouts. Repeat the sentence, having students say the
words that go in the blanks.
- As you teach the notes, demonstrate the different concepts. For
example, when you talk about the North Star, take a globe and
point the axis towards the North Star that you have placed
somewhere in your room earlier (preferably on the ceiling or
upper portion of the north side of the classroom). Pick a student
or object to represent the sun. Revolve around that object while
keeping Earth’s axis pointing toward the North Star.
- As you complete the notes, periodically review previous concepts
covered, especially if they pertain to what you are currently
- Have students review their notes periodically.
- As a quiz, hand out a copy of the notes for students to fill in the
- Use the notes to write multiple choice and short answer questions
Created Date :
Nov 15 2004 14:42 PM