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# Simplifying Expressions Using The Order of Operations

Curriculum Tie:

Summary:
Students will simplify numerical expressions using the correct order of operations

Main Curriculum Tie:
Mathematics Grade 5
Strand: OPERATIONS AND ALGEBRAIC THINKING (5.OA) Standard 5.OA.1

Use parentheses, brackets, or braces in numerical expressions, and evaluate expressions with these symbols.

Materials:

Attachments

Background For Teachers:
Enduring Understanding (Big Ideas):
Operations must be done in order

Essential Questions:

• What is the correct order for performing mathematical operations?
• How can expressions be written to indicate an order for operations?
• How does changing the order of operations affect the outcome when simplifying an expression?

Skill Focus:
Simplifying expressions using the order of operations

Vocabulary Focus:
Numerical expression, operation, order of operations, simplify

Ways to Gain/Maintain Attention (Primacy):
technology, music/rhythm/rhyme, cooperative work, movement, writing, journal

Instructional Procedures:

Starter (launch):
Write five things you did to get ready for school today in the order you did those things. Describe how would your morning would have been different if you had done those things in a different order?

Lesson Segment 1: What is the correct order for performing mathematical operations? How does changing the order of operations affect the outcome when simplifying an expression?
Have students do Mix-Freeze-Pair where they walk around the room until you say, “Freeze”. Students find a partner closest to them (or raise their hand high to indicate they need a partner, and move to someone else whose hand is raised). Have them introduce themselves to their partner, then share with their partner the five things they did to get ready for school and how their morning would be different if the order of those things were changed. Then have students return to their seats.

Order does matter in many things. Give teams 3 minutes to make a list of anything they can think of in which order does matter. The team with greatest number of ideas wins, and reads their list. A person from each of the other teams reads one item from their list that hasn’t been mentioned yet.

When performing math operations order matters.
Q. What is a math operation? Refer to the word on the board.
Write this expression on the board: 3˛ + 12/3 * (4 + 6). Ask students to simplify mentally and give responses for their answer. (The correct value is 49). After hearing their responses, tell them the correct response. Tell students the correct order of operations, and simplify the expression to show them.

Help students sing “The Order Of Operations War” (attached).

Lesson Segment 2: Journal
Have students fold a paper horizontally so that about an inch is left over to fold up like an envelop flap. Have them cut the shorter side into four equal flaps, then fold the inch over the top of the four flaps like this:

Under the first flap write the expression you wrote on the board, 3˛ + 12/3 * (4 + 6).

As well as these other two expressions:

 (5 + 9) and 30 − 10 x 2 + 6 ÷ 3 4˛ − 9

For each express, perform and record the next step in simplifying under the appropriate flap, rewriting the expression each time to reflect the simplifying. Then, have the students write First, simplify parentheses, next simplify exponents, etc. under the appropriate flap. The foldable can be kept in a journal pocket

Lesson Segment 3: How can expressions be written to indicate an order for operations? How does changing the order of operations affect the outcome when simplifying an expression?
Using TI-73, work through and discuss the Order of Operations Problem Solving (attached) and assign practice (attached), or use appropriate practice from text. I use McDougal Littell’s “One Left Out” from their Special Activities Resource Book, page 11. Help students use calculator and appropriate notation to check

Practice: Play Krypto Extreme Game:

Players: Partners play against another pair
Objective: Use all five randomly generated integers to get answers from 1-10.
Procedure: Partners use TI-73’s to generate a set of 5 integers from 1-10. Using the order of operations, they work to use each of the 5 positive integers to get each of these answers: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10. To do this, they set up a problem to try to get an answer of 1. If while they are working to get the 1, they get a 4 or a 9 etc instead, they write the work they’ve done to get that number. The object is to use each of their 5 random numbers to get every answer from 1-10. They earn a point for each answer they are able to get from 1-10.

More Practice: You may want to choose text problems which include negative integers, fractions and decimals. Students should be constantly working with various forms of rational numbers in Pre-Algebra.

Closure: For the journal, have students do #1 on the Choice Board (attached), then choose one other square to complete.

Attachments

Assessment Plan:
performance tasks, observation

Bibliography:
This lesson plan was created by Linda Bolin.

Author:
Utah LessonPlans

Created Date :
May 07 2009 15:53 PM

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