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Main Curriculum Tie:
Background For Teachers:
At the next level of the food chain are primary consumers, those who eat the plants (herbivores). Primary consumers include rabbits, mice, deer and some types of insects, fish and birds.
Primary consumers are eaten by secondary consumers, which are meat eaters (carnivores) or animals that eat both plants and meat (omnivores). These animals are predators such as birds of prey, some snakes, foxes, wild cats, and coyotes.
Tertiary consumers eat the secondary consumers and may either be carnivores or omnivores (omnivores eat both plants and animals).
Any of these components of the food web can be broken down by decomposers, small creatures and other organisms, such as bacteria and fungi, that reduce dead plant or animal matter into smaller particles.
A decaying plant, for example, will be broken down into nutrients that enrich the soil, which in turn supports the growth of more plants.
This lesson plan was provided by the Utah Museum of Natural History.
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