These activities help students understand weather concepts, particularly those related to storms.
Main Curriculum Tie:
2nd Grade - Content
Standard 3 Objective 2
Observe and describe weather.
- What Will the Weather Be?
- 3 ounce paper cups
- New sharp pencil
- Plastic straws
- Straight pins
- Single paper punch
- Wide mouth container
- Rubber band
- Index cards
- It’s Raining Cats and Dogs
- Small portable fan
- Find Someone Who
- Weather Reporter Page
What Will the Weather Be?, by Lynda De Witt; ISBN-13: 978-0-06-445113-0
Storms, by Seymour Simon; ISBN 13: 9780688117085
Tornado Alert, by Franklyn M. Branley; ISBN 0064450945
Flash, Crash, Rumble, and Roll, by Franklyn M. Branley; ISBN 0-8085-3579-X
Henry and Mudge And the Wild Wind, by Cynthia Rylant; ISBN 0-689-80838-0
Snow, by Marion Dane Bauer; ISBN 0-689-85437-4
Wind, by Marion Dane Bauer; ISBN 0-689-85443-9
Feel the Wind, by Arthur Dorros; ISBN 0064450953
Puddle Jumpers: Fun Weather Projects for Kids, by Jennifer Storey Gillis; ISBN: 0882669389
Background For Teachers:
Weather is the condition of the air that surrounds Earth.
Meteorologists can predict the weather by using certain tools such
as a thermometer, which measures the temperature; a wind vane,
which tells from what direction the wind blows; an anemometer
which measures the wind speed; and a barometer, which measures air
Storms come from clouds, and they display themselves in many
forms including the following: Rain (water falling from the sky), hail
(ice chunks), snow (ice crystals), sleet (a mixture of rain and snow),
fog (droplets of water vapor suspended in the air near the ground),
tornados (violently destructive windstorms), and hurricanes (severe
tropical storms that include heavy rain and wind).
Intended Learning Outcomes:
1. Demonstrate a positive learning attitude.
5. Understand and use basic concepts and skills.
6. Communicate clearly in oral, artist, written, and nonverbal form.
Invitation to Learn
Distribute the worksheet entitled Find Someone Who to each
student. Tell them to read each storm statement and then find
someone in the class who has experienced the described statement
and have him/her sign his/her name on the corresponding statement.
Tell the students that their goal is to see how fast they can fill up their
paper with the different names from the class. This is a good way to
get students up and moving and start a discussion about storms.
- Read What Will the Weather Be?, by Lynda DeWitt, to your
- Talk about the job of a Meteorologist. Can weather be
predicted? Do meteorologists really know exactly what the
weather will be like? Meteorologists need to know what kind
of air is coming, and be able to plan and prepare for the weather
- Talk about the tools a meteorologist uses to help predict the
weather: A thermometer, which measures the temperature; a
wind vane, which tells from what direction the wind blows; an
anemometer, which measures the wind speed; and a barometer,
which measures air pressure. (In my classroom I have a daily
Weather Reporter who reports on the temperature for the day,
checks the wind direction, checks the wind speed and checks
the air pressure using our classroom weather tools.)
- Make an anemometer with your students. Each student will
need five 3 oz. paper cups. Instruct them to punch a hole one-
half inch below the rim of four of the cups. Tell them to punch
out four equally spaced holes about one-fourth inch below the
rim of the fifth cup. Tell them to punch a hole in the center
of the same cup. Take one of the single holed cups and push
a plastic straw through the hole. Fold the inserted end of the
straw so that it lies on the inside of the cup across from the
hole and then staple it. Repeat this procedure with another one
of the single holed cups and the second straw. Tell them to
slide one cup and straw assembly through two opposite holes
of the cup with four holes. Tell them to push one of the single
holed cups onto the end of the straw that was just pushed
through the four-holed cup. Bend the straw and staple it to
the single holed cup after making certain that the cup faces in
the opposite direction from the first cup. Tell them to repeat
this procedure using the other cup and straw assembly and the
remaining single holed cup. Have them align the four cups so
that their open ends face in the same direction (clockwise or
counterclockwise) around the center cup. Tell them to push
the straight pin through the two straws where they intersect.
Tell them to push the eraser end of a pencil through the
bottom hole in the center cup and push the pin into the end
of the pencil eraser as far as it will go. Tell them that their
anemometers are ready to use. Take the students outside and
find somewhere they can stick their anemometers into the
ground and have them observe what happens. This is a great
way to generate a class discussion on wind speed.
- Make a barometer with your class. Cut the neck off of a balloon
and stretch it over the mouth of a jar. Fasten it tightly with a
rubber band so the air can't get out. Cut off one end of a straw
to make it pointed. Stick the other end to the middle of the
stretched balloon using tape. Tape a piece of cardboard behind
the jar so the pointer touches it. Make a mark at the point.
Draw a scale above and below this mark from 1 to 10. This is
your starting measurement for air pressure. Explanation: The
barometer shows when the air pressure outside the jar becomes
higher and lower. When it becomes higher, the air pushes hard
on the balloon so the straw points up. When the air pressure is
lower the air inside the jar pushes up on the balloon more than
the air outside pushes down. This causes the straw to move so
it points down. Have students keep a record in their journals
on the daily barometer readings.
- Make a wind vane with your students. Cut a point and tail of
an arrow out of an index card. Tape them onto the ends of a
straw. Push the pin through the middle of the straw and put
the pin into the eraser of a pencil. Make sure the straw can turn
freely. Take your students outside and find a spot where they
can stick their wind vanes in the ground. Observe the wind
direction on the wind vanes. What do you see?
- Discuss the types of storms that come from clouds, such as rain,
snow, wind, fog, hail, sleet, tornados, and hurricanes. Make a
class graph of “Storms We Don't Like.”
- Introduce the It’s Raining Cats and Dogs experiment. The idiom
‘Raining Cats and Dogs’ comes from the 1500’s. Dogs and cats
used to hide in the roofs of houses to keep warm. The roofs in
the houses in the 1500s were thatch roofs—thick straw, piled
high, with no wood underneath. They were the only place for
the little animals to get warm. So all the pets; dogs, cats and
other small animals, mice, rats, bugs, all lived in the roof. When
it rained it became slippery so sometimes the animals would slip
and fall off the roof, thus the saying, “it’s raining cats and dogs.”
Tell the students to get with a partner to cut out their dog/cat
raindrop. Students will drop their raindrop to the ground and
graph which side it lands on. What are the results? Compare
with other students in the class.
- Wind exploration class experiment. Make a chart and title it
“Will the Wind Blow It?” Subtitle the two columns YES and
NO. Ask students to find objects in their desk or around the
room to test if the air can move them. Turn on a small portable
fan and set it on a table, desk or cart. Have students come up
and drop their object in front of the fan. Watch what the air
does to the object. If their object falls to the ground, students
will place their object to the side of the chart labeled NO. If the
fan moves their object, students will place their object to the
YES side of the chart.
- Making Fog in a Jar - Fill a glass jar full of hot water. Wait
one minute and pour out the water leaving only one inch
in the bottom. Put a strainer over the top of the jar. Place
three to four ice cubes in the strainer. Watch as fog appears.
Explanation: The cold air from the ice cubes collides with the
warm, moist air in the bottle causing the water to condense and
form a fog.
- Bottle Tornado - Fill one two-liter bottle two-thirds full of
water. Add food coloring to the water for easier observation.
Place another two -liter bottle on top of the bottle filled with
water. Duct tape the two openings together. Turn the bottle
with water upside down and make quick circular movements.
As the water leaves the bottle through the small opening, stop
the circular movements and watch the tornado move from one
bottle to the other. Explanation: The swirling motion you give
the bottle forms a vortex like an actual tornado.
- Hurricane Movement - Cut a spiral from a sheet of paper. Sew
a piece of thread through the top. Turn on a lamp. Hold the
thread directly above the light bulb. Watch the movement of
the spiral. Explanation: The life of a hurricane begins when the
hot tropical sun heats up the air over the ocean and the hot air
- Lightning and Static Electricity - Sprinkle some pepper on a
plate. Blow up a balloon; tie it off. Rub the balloon on your
hair, a sweater or carpet. Hold the balloon above the plate and
slowly lower it towards the pepper. What happens? Now add
some water to the plate and sprinkle it with some more pepper.
Blow up the second balloon and rub it on your hair, a sweater
or carpet. Predict what you think will happen when you lower
the balloon over the plate. Explanation: Lightning is caused by
static electricity. Static electricity is an electrical charge that is
produced when two things rub together.
- Snow Fall versus Rain Fall - materials: Two equal sized pieces of
paper and a chair. Crumple up one piece of paper. This is your
raindrop. Get another piece of paper to represent a snowflake.
Stand on a chair. Hold the crumbled paper in one hand and
the other piece of paper in the other. Let go of the two pieces
of paper at the same time. Did the rain fall faster or did the
snowflake? What role does the shape of the raindrop and that
of the snowflake play in this experiment?
- Wet chalk drawings: Use black or dark colored paper. Have
your student dip colored chalk in a sugar water mixture and
color with the chalk. The sugar water makes the chalk colors
more vibrant. This activity demonstrates how vibrant colors are
- Help your student fill out the Weather Reporter Page the night
before for the next day’s weather.
- Watch to see how students put together their wind vanes. Does
the wind push the arrow in the direction of the wind?
- Look to see how students filled out their It’s Raining Cats and
Dogs chart. Were they able to record the way the raindrop fell?
Johnson, D., Johnson, R. (1999). Making Cooperative Learning Work. Theory into Practice,
Vol. 38, No. 2, Building Community through Cooperative Learning. (Spring, 1999),
Formal cooperative learning is when students work together for
one class period or several weeks to achieve shared learning goals
and complete specific tasks and assignments. Informal cooperative
learning is when students work together temporarily to achieve a
joint learning goal. These groups may last only a few minutes. The
five essential elements of cooperative groups are as follows: Positive
interdependence, individual accountability, face-to-face interaction,
social skills, and group processing.
Winn, J.A. (1994). Promises and Challenges of Scaffolded Instruction. Learning Disability
Quarterly, Vol. 17, No. 1. (Winter 1994), pp. 89-104.
Scaffolded instruction includes challenging students to engage in
tasks that they are unable to complete independently, and providing
the support needed to enable students to successfully carry them out.
Created Date :
Jul 08 2008 21:13 PM