Skip Navigation

Physical State Diagram

Time Frame:
1 class period that runs 60 minutes.

Group Size:


Students will draw and describe what each of the physical states of matter is like.

Main Curriculum Tie:
SEEd - Grade 6 (2017)
Strand 6.2: Energy Affects Matter 6.2.2

Develop a model to predict the effect of heat energy on states of matter and density. Emphasize the arrangement of particles in states of matter (solid, liquid, or gas) and during phase changes (melting, freezing, condensing, and evaporating).


  • Hook activity
    • 2 different sized/shaped beakers, cups, or flasks
    • different shaped balloons
    • some liquid (pop, juice, water)
    • Solids (cube, crayon, etc.) rectangular objects work best for seeing volume
  • Student Sheet
  • Physical State Notes Power Point


Instructional Procedures:

  1. Hook activity:
    • Liquid: Pour your liquid into a beaker
      • Ask: Will the volume (space it takes up) change if I pour into a different beaker?
      • Ask: Will the shape of the liquid change if I pour it into a different beaker?
      • Have a student read the volume, then pour it into a different beaker and have the student find the volume again.
    • Solid (repeat what you did with liquids)
    • Gas
      1. Use the balloons & ask the same questions and demonstrate how the shape will change depending on the container
      2. Ask: What would happen to the volume of the gas if the balloon is popped?
  2. Handout the student sheet & use the PowerPoint to provide information. Ask student volunteers to draw the diagrams of the relative states on the board.

Assessment Plan:

  • Notes completed, neat & organized…………………………4
  • Student correctly lists and draws the characteristics of the states……....…..4

Lesson Design by Jordan School District Teachers and Staff.

Utah LessonPlans

Created Date :
Sep 29 2014 12:10 PM