BIOL 1010: This course introduces the major themes and concepts making up the study of biology including cell and molecular biology, genetics, diversity, biotechnology, evolution, and ecology. The course is designed to provide students with the critical thinking skills necessary to interpret information and to make informed decisions about the world around them.
BIOL 1015: This is a laboratory course which complements the lecture course and emphasizes the application of the scientific method through experimentation.Both course are designed to provide learning in a technology-intensive environment (no text book is required and only open-access resources will be used). In addition to on-line learning resources, students will be engaged in on-line discussion groups, study sessions and other interactive tools to facilitate individualized learning experiences and to maximize interaction during face-to-face classroom time.
- Differentiate science as a way of knowing about the world and other forms of knowing.
- Evaluate evidence and solve problems by using scientific thinking skills.
- Explain the relationship between evolution, cell and molecular biology, genetics, and ecology with particular emphasis on why “nothing in Biology makes sense except in light of Evolution."
- Explain the terminology and concepts surrounding biological issues related human population growth, climate change, biodiversity and extinction, human evolution, genetic testing, cancer, AIDS, genetically modified foods, DNA fingerprinting, cloning, stem cell research, and why intelligent design creationism is not scientific.
- Describe the general teaching/learning philosophy of the instructor, including how a TICE (or Hybrid/flipped) classroom is different from traditional classrooms.
- Demonstrate the ability to navigate in Canvas by sending an email (using inbox), post a discussion post, and complete the syllabus quiz.
- List the main units of Biology that will be explored during the course.
- Describe why evolution is the unifying theme in Biology, and illustrate this principle with one example.
- Compare and contrast the scientific use of the terms hypothesis and theory vs. colloquial use of the same terms.
- Apply the process of science as a means of answering a question.
- Compare and contrast science and other "ways of knowing" about our world.
- Discriminate between questions which are and are not addressable using the process of science.
- Explain how science is strengthened due to the social nature of the process.
- List the people important to the development of evolution that pre-date Darwin.
- Describe the influence they had on Darwin and evolutionary thought.
- Summarize the important events of Darwin's life, and how these events led him to his ideas of evolution.
- Identify the observations and inferences that led Darwin to the theory of natural selection.
- Describe the role that contemporaries like Fitzroy, Wallace, Huxley, Malthus, Wilberforce, and Lyell played in the development of Darwin's ideas and evolutionary thought.
- List and describe evidences for evolution.
- Describe each of the mechanisms of evolution and use real examples from nature to illustrate them.
- Predict which organisms are most fit, evolutionarily speaking, given life history data.
- Compare and contrast the different species concepts.
- Tell how exaptation and evo-devo can cause "fast evolution".
- Compare different fossil dating methods and calculate the process of radiometric decay.
- Defend why an old earth is a requirement for evolution.
- Identify different types of genetic isolation and explain why it is necessary for speciation.
- Calculate allele and genotype frequencies given phenotypic data for a population and relate changes to microevolution.
Classification - OPTIONAL
Phylogenetics - OPTIONAL
- Arrange the major events of the origin of life in the correct order.
- List the major evolutionary events that lead to the major lineages of the diversity of life.
- Summarize the evidence that supports endosymbiotic theory.
- Categorize different organisms based on their characteristics.
- Understand the relationship of humans to other extant apes and to other extinct hominids based on the morphological and molecular similarities and differences.
- Describe the structure and function of organs.
- Describe the relationship between structure and function of organ systems in plants and animals.
Protista – OPTIONAL
Fungi – OPTIONAL
Plants – OPTIONAL
Animalia – OPTIONAL
Human Evolution – OPTIONAL
Evolution: Acceptance and Teaching - OPTIONAL
- Explain the requirement for chemistry in the understanding of biology and metabolism
- Explain the differences between organic and inorganic chemistry as they relate to the components of life
- Describe the organization of an atom
- Explain the roles of electrons, protons & neutrons in making each element different
- Explore the variations of natural elements by describing ions and isotopes of each element
- Describe the various ways in which elements can be bonded
- Utilize the strength of these bonds to explore the potential uses of these bonds in the context of the ingredients of life
- Describe the unique properties of water
- Utilize organic chemistry in the context of metabolic processes
- Describe why Carbon is the basic building block for many macromolecules.
- Diagram hydrolysis and dehydration reactions to illustrate the synthesis and digestion of macromolecules.
- Compare and contrast the structure and function of four types of macromolecules.
- Use modeling to relate the specific sequence of amino acids to the overall protein shape.
- List the four nucleotides of DNA; explain the base pairing pattern.
- Relate the structure of a molecule to its function.
- Describe the basic principles of the Cell Theory.
- Discriminate between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells with their similarities and differences.
- Describe the structure of a cell membrane: Why do we refer to it as the Fluid-mosaic model?
- Explain how the cell membrane regulates the passage of molecules into and out of the cell.
- Compare and contrast plant and animal cells.
- Take a tour of a eukaryotic cell and describe the different organelles and their function
- Explain metabolism and how it relates to energy
- Revisit hydrolysis and dehydration synthesis
- Understand oxidation of organic compounds in metabolism
- Explore the role of ATP as cellular energy currency
- Summarize the importance of enzymes in carrying out metabolism
- Diagram the process of cellular respiration including where it occurs & what changes
- Diagram the process of photosynthesis including where it occurs & what changes
- Contrast asexual and sexual reproduction.
- Distinguish between somatic cells and gamete cells (germ cells), and identify them within your own body.
- Arrange each phase of the cell cycle and describe the major processes occurring in each cycle.
- Interpret photographs of real cells to differentiate the different phases of mitosis.
- Contrast mitosis with meiosis.
- Describe a tetrad and how it is involved with crossing over.
- Distinguish between homologous and non-homologous chromosomes.
- Evaluate the results of nondisjunction events, particularly for chromosome 21 and X and Y chromosomes.
- Make the connection between meiosis and the diversity of offspring necessary for evolution.
- Explain Mendel's two fundamental principles of inheritance: 1) the principle of segregation, and 2) the principle of independent assortment.
- Differentiate homozygous from heterozygous and dominant from recessive alleles as illustrated by Mendel's experiments.
- Identify and predict genotypes and phenotypes as completely as possible given information in genetics experiments or pedigrees.
- Arrange genetic information in the form of Punnett squares or pedigrees.
- Diagram probabilities of inheritance using Punnett squares and pedigrees.
- Assess the modes of inheritance for genetic scenarios that extend "beyond Mendelian genetics"; such as incomplete dominance, codominance, multiple alleles, pleiotropy, epistasis, polygenetic inheritance, environmental interaction, recombination, and X‐linked genes.
- Illustrate how to perform a testcross and explain its purpose.
- Calculate proper predicted ratios in each generation of genetic experiments, particularly 3:1, 1:1, 9:3:3:1, and 1:1:1:1.
- Use punnet squares to explain inheritance of X-linked alleles.
- Calculate genetic distances between linked genes using recombination data from testcrosses.
- Define the following alterations in chromosome structure and the consequences they may have for individuals who carry them: duplications, deletions, inversions, translocations, fusions, and fissions.
- Know why DNA is the inherited material.
- Be able to explain how DNA provides both continuity to life while allowing for diversity.
- Demonstrate how the structure of DNA is critical for functioning.
- Describe the steps of DNA replication including key enzymes involved (DNA Helicase and DNA Polymerase).
- Describe classical experiments in DNA research and how the results help us understand the structure and function of DNA.
- Understand the flow of information from DNA to RNA to protein to phenotypic trait. (The central dogma of biology).
- Identify the role of three different RNA molecules (mRNA, tRNA, rRNA), RNA polymerase and ribosomes.
- Describe the entire process of protein synthesis.
- Distinguish between transcription and translation.
- Be able to generate an RNA sequence from a given DNA sequence.
- Be able to generate a sequence of amino acids based on a mRNA sequence.
- Compare and contrast functional and structural differences between DNA and RNA.
- Compare and contrast point and frameshift mutations.
- Create a timeline of significant discoveries in DNA Technology
- Interpret a DNA gel and STR profiles and explain how the patterns are created.
- Describe the steps of PCR.
- Summarize a biotechnology tool or application in medicine, industry, forensics or agriculture and discuss with peers the benefits and pro's and cons of the technology.
- Examine arguments supporting and opposing the use of GMOs.
- Perform a transformation and analyze results.
- Name and explain the five levels of biological organization studied by ecologists, including examples.
- Identify and describe the main biological processes responsible for energy transfer/exchange in the biosphere.
- Recognize and give the defining characteristics of the major terrestrial and aquatic biomes.
- Describe how interactions between organisms and the environment affect the distributions of species.
- Understand the characteristics that define a population.
- Know the four factors that contribute to population growth.
- Compare and contrast patterns of growth (exponential, logistic, boom and bust).
- Distinguish between density dependent and density independent limiting factors.
- Analyze the benefits and energy investments for an organism that demonstrates a specific life strategy.
- Engage in methods of measuring or estimating population size.
- Use data and graphical representations to analyze and predict population trends.
- Analyze the changes, and contributing factors to changes in human population growth
- Explain what a community is and how diversity of species characterize biological communities.
- Describe how relationships among organisms (predation, parasitism, competition, commensalism, mutualism etc.) add to the complexity of biological communities.
- Define ecological niche and analyze what happens when niches overlap.
- Evaluate different strategies used by populations to diminish competition. (Competitive exclusion, opportunism, resource partitioning, territoriality, etc.)
- Compare and contrast primary and secondary succession and make predictions about future successional stages.
- Discuss the impacts of disturbances to communities.
- Define an ecosystem, including the concepts of abiotic and biotic factors.
- Categorize members of an ecosystem in their proper trophic levels.
- Describe the difference between a food chain and a food web.
- Describe the flow of energy between trophic levels and explain the efficiency of energy transfer between trophic levels (10% rule)
- Describe the concept of biomagnification/bioaccumulation in an ecosystem including specific examples.
- Describe and understand how chemical elements move through ecosystems in biogeochemical cycles (The Water Cycle, Carbon Cycle, Nitrogen Cycle and Phosphorus Cycle).
- Describe the important elements of diversity and relate each to human welfare.
- Describe the "biodiversity crisis" and the major threats to biodiversity.
- Examine each of the following human caused environmental changes: nutrient enrichment, toxins in the environment, global climate change and ozone depletion.
- Compare and contrast environmentalism and ecology, including the roles and limitations of each.
- Analyze the value of sustainable development for both improving human lives and conserving biodiversity.
- Describe the difficulty associated with both understanding and improving human-caused environmental issues.
Each TICE/BIOL 1010 course will include a common pre-test / post-test. Instructors will have the ability to add questions to assessments, but may not change the nature or specifics of the common assessment.