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CTE/Family & Consumer Sciences Education Curriculum
Child Development
Course Preface Course Preface
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Core Standards of the Course

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVE 1
Complete FCCLA Step One. http://www.uen.org/cte/facs_cabinet/facs_cabinet10.shtml

Standard 1
Students will evaluate parenting roles and responsibilities.

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Objective 1
Recognize the characteristics and responsibilities of parenting.

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  1. Identify the importance of children in society.
  2. Evaluate the rights of children.
  3. Evaluate parenting responsibilities as they relate to children’s rights.
  4. Recognize that early childhood experiences impact individuals as adults.
  5. Evaluate factors to consider in determining personal preparedness for parenthood (i.e., biological, social, emotional, financial, educational)
  6. Discuss ways parenting skills can be developed.
  7. Evaluate the demands and rewards of parenting.
  8. Discuss the importance of literacy in building the parent/child relationship, as well as enhancing children’s areas of development. (This objective may be integrated into standards 4, 5, & 6.)

Objective 2
Explain the importance of nurture and nature.

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  1. Discuss nature (heredity) and its implications.
  2. Evaluate the impact of nurturing upon all aspects of development.

Objective 3
Identify factors influencing the development of self-concept.

  1. Define self-concept.
  2. List the four components of the self-concept cycle and describe the effects of each.
  3. Identify the influences that help develop characteristics of low and high self-concepts.
  4. Discuss ways to promote positive self-concepts in children.

Performance Objective #2
Interview a parent about the roles and responsibilities of parenthood.


Standard 2
Students will identify growth and development.
(Objectives may be integrated into each developmental age under standards 4 and 5.)

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Objective 1
Identify generalizations of growth and development.

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  1. Identify and define the basic concepts of growth and development. (Growth proceeds from head to foot, etc.)
  2. Define and identify physical, cognitive, social, emotional and moral development.
  3. Describe the interrelationships between physical, social, emotional, moral, and cognitive aspects of development.

Objective 2
Identify the characteristics of selected developmental theories.

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  1. Recognize that the study of child development is based on research.(Erickson, Piaget, and others)

Standard 3
Students will identify characteristics of birth defects, pregnancy, prenatal care and development, and childbirth.

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Objective 1
Identify heredity and environmental factors influencing birth defects and prenatal care.

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  1. Analyze the influence and effects of genetics and heredity. (x and y chromosomes, etc.)
  2. Define dominant and recessive genes.
  3. Specify lifestyle factors that minimize environmental birth defects. (drugs, alcohol, tobacco)
  4. Identify the role of folic acid in the prevention of neural tube defects.
  5. Classify types of birth defects. (X-linked, multi-factorial, chromosomal error, etc.)
  6. Identify heredity and environmental factors influencing birth defects and possible treatments or preventions (Down's syndrome, PKU, muscular dystrophy, fetal alcohol syndrome, neural tube defects, cleft palate/cleft lip, club hand/foot).
  7. Explain the role of prenatal testing in the detection of birth defects. (ultrasound, amniocentesis)

Objective 2
Explain the characteristics of pregnancy.

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  1. Analyze the health risk of teen pregnancy.
  2. Explain ovulation and conception. (ovum, ovary, fallopian tubes, uterus, endometrium, cervix, vagina, fertilization)
  3. Identify the early signs and symptoms of pregnancy.
  4. Identify common discomforts occurring during pregnancy.
  5. Identify potential pregnancy complications. (toxemia/pre-eclampsia, miscarriage, stillbirth, premature, low birth weight, etc.)

Objective 3
Discuss the importance of early prenatal and on-going prenatal care.

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  1. Identify the role of appropriate medical care, nutrition, weight gain, and other lifestyle choices on prenatal development.

Objective 4
Identify characteristics of prenatal development.

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  1. Outline the stages occurring during prenatal development. (zygote, embryo, fetus)
  2. Define and discuss prenatal terminology. (umbilical cord, placenta, amniotic fluid, amniotic sac, uterus)
  3. Identify the prenatal development occurring during each trimester.
  4. Discuss multiple births. (identical, fraternal, conjoined, etc.)

Objective 5
List the sequential events in the childbirth process.

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  1. Define childbirth terms. (show, crowning, episiotomy, etc.)
  2. Outline the three stages of labor.
  3. Discuss delivery options (vaginal, natural, with epidural, c-section)
  4. Describe possible complications that may occur during childbirth. (breech, placenta previa, Rh factor, STDs, toxemia pre-eclampsia, etc.)

Performance Objective #3
Identify at least four critical components of prenatal care (nutrition, folic acid, drugs, alcohol, tobacco, medical care, etc.) and explain the effects of each component (good or bad) on the developing fetus.


Standard 4
Students will explain the growth and development of the neonate (newborn) and infant.

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Objective 1
Describe the growth and development of the neonate (newborn) and infant.

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  1. Identify the physical characteristics and needs of the neonate.
  2. Explain the Apgar test and scale.
  3. Identify the function of fontanels.
  4. Discuss feeding options of the neonate.
  5. Define nurturing and bonding and discuss the importance of the bonding process after delivery.
  6. Identify common newborn reflexes. (rooting, startle/moro, babinski, grasping, tonic neck, etc.)

Objective 2
Describe the growth and development of the infant.

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  1. Identify the sequence of physical development of the infant.
  2. Identify the height and weight gains during the first year of life.
  3. Describe the emotional and social development of the infant.
  4. Define and discuss stranger anxiety and separation anxiety.
  5. Describe Erickson's stage of trust vs. mistrust.
  6. Describe Piaget's sensorimotor stage of development.
  7. Define and discuss object permanence.
  8. Discuss the types and role of play for infant age children. (solitary, on-looker)
  9. Examine the reasons for infant crying and how to meet those needs.
  10. Examine shaken baby syndrome and its ramifications.
  11. Describe sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and prevention strategies.

Performance Objective #4
Evaluate three age-appropriate activities for infants and explain how each activity stimulates the infant's development (physical, social, emotional, cognitive).


Standard 5
Students will explain the growth and development of toddlers and preschoolers.

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Objective 1
Describe the growth and development of the toddler.

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  1. Describe the physical characteristics and skills of toddlers.
  2. Discuss the role of nutrition in the physical development.
  3. Discuss readiness for appropriate toileting practices.
  4. Describe the social and emotional characteristics of toddlers.
  5. Discuss the importance of autonomy for a toddler's development. (Erickson’s autonomy vs. shame and doubt)
  6. Discuss Piaget's sensorimotor and preoperational stages of cognitive development.
  7. Describe language development during the toddler stage.
  8. Discuss the types and role of play for toddler age children. (parallel)

Performance Objective #5
Performance Objective #5: Evaluate three age-appropriate activities for toddlers and explain how each activity stimulates the toddler's development (physical, social, emotional, cognitive).

Objective 2
Describe the growth and development of the preschooler.

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  1. Describe the physical characteristics and skills of the preschooler.
  2. Identify the gross (large) and fine (small) motor skills developed.
  3. Describe the social and emotional characteristics of the preschooler.
  4. Discuss Erickson's stage of initiative vs. guilt.
  5. Discuss the development of social skills learned during the preschool years.
  6. Describe Piaget's preoperational stage of cognitive development during preschool years.
  7. Define and give examples of a child’s ability to understand terms related to cognitive development. (sorting, classifying, seriation, transformation, reversal, conservation)
  8. Describe the development of understanding between reality and fantasy.
  9. Discuss the types and role of play for preschool age children. (cooperative)
  10. Discuss how to teach moral behavior to the preschooler.

Performance Objective #6
Evaluate three age-appropriate activities for preschoolers and explain how each activity stimulates the preschooler's development (physical, social, emotional, cognitive).


Standard 6
Students will practice age-appropriate positive guidance techniques and strategies for coping with challenging situations.
(Objectives may be integrated into each developmental age under standards 4 and 5.)

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Objective 1
Analyze appropriate positive discipline/guidance techniques.

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  1. Define guidance, discipline, and punishment.
  2. Distinguish between punishment and discipline/guidance techniques.
  3. Identify common reasons children misbehave. (natural curiosity, need to belong, revenge, etc.)
  4. Discuss reasons and guidelines for setting limits.
  5. Compare natural and logical consequences.
  6. Discuss guidelines for using positive guidance techniques. (redirection, time out, positive statements, etc.)

Performance Objective #7
Apply positive guidance techniques to resolve behavior challenges for each stage of development (infants, toddlers, and preschoolers).

Objective 2
Describe challenging situations and the skills needed to cope.

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  1. Identify and discuss challenging situations (handicaps, grief, death, divorce, illness, etc.) and signs of stress in children. (biting, crying, power struggles, etc.)
  2. Describe childhood feelings dealing with challenging situations and identify coping strategies.
  3. Discuss childhood fears and strategies to deal with fears.
  4. List and define the types of abuse (emotional, physical, sexual, neglect).
  5. Discuss reporting procedures for abuse.
  6. Identify local resources available for parent and/or child assistance.

Standard 7
Students will examine issues related to the health and wellness of children.
(Objectives may be integrated into each developmental age under standards 4 and 5.)

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Objective 1
Identify health and wellness considerations for infants through preschoolers.

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  1. Identify signs and symptoms of childhood illnesses.
  2. Describe common childhood immunizations for communicable diseases (MMR, DTP, HIB, hepatitis B, chicken pox, polio)
  3. Identify basic first aid practices for bumps and bruises, burns, bleeding, poisons, choking, and insect bites.

Objective 2
Identify safety consideration for infants through preschoolers.

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  1. Discuss the importance of car seats.
  2. List appropriate child proofing strategies.

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