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CTE/Technology & Engineering Education Curriculum
Standards for Technological Literacy - Grades 6-8
Course Preface Course Preface
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Core Standards of the Course

Standard 1
Students will develop an understanding of the characteristics and scope of technology.

Objective
New products and systems can be developed to solve problems or to help do things that could not be done without the help of technology.

Objective
The development of technology is a human activity and is the result of individual or collective needs and the ability to be creative.

Objective
Technology is closely linked to creativity, which has resulted in innovation.

Objective
Corporations can often create demand for a product by bringing it onto the market and advertising it.


Standard 2
Students will develop an understanding of the core concepts of technology.

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Objective
Technological systems include input, processes, output, and, at times, feedback.

Objective
Systems thinking involves considering how every part relates to others.

Objective
An open-loop system has no feedback path and requires human intervention, while a closed-loop system uses feedback.

Objective
Technological systems can be connected to one another.

Objective
Malfunctions of any part of a system may affect the function and quality of the system.

Objective
Requirements are the parameters placed on the development of a product or system.

Objective
Trade-off is a decision process recognizing the need for careful compromises among competing factors.

Objective
Different technologies involve different sets of processes.

Objective
Maintenance is the process of inspecting and servicing a product or system on a regular basis in order for it to continue functioning properly, to extend its life, or to upgrade its capability.

Objective
Controls are mechanisms or particular steps that people perform using information about the system that causes systems to change.


Standard 3
Students will develop an understanding of the relationships among technologies and the connections between technology and other fields of study.

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Objective
Technological systems often interact with one another.

Objective
A product, system, or environment developed for one setting may be applied to another setting.

Objective
Knowledge gained from other fields of study has a direct effect on the development of technological products and systems.


Standard 4
Students will develop an understanding of the cultural, social, economic, and political effects of technology.

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Objective
The use of technology affects humans in various ways, including their safety, comfort, choices, and attitudes about technology’s development and use.

Objective
Technology, by itself, is neither good nor bad, but decisions about the use of products and systems can result in desirable or undesirable consequences.

Objective
The development and use of technology poses ethical issues.

Objective
Economic, political, and cultural issues are influenced by the development and use of technology.


Standard 5
Students will develop an understanding of the effects of technology on the environment.

Objective
The management of waste produced by technological systems is an important societal issue.

Objective
Technologies can be used to repair damage caused by natural disasters and to break down waste from the use of various products and systems.

Objective
Decisions to develop and use technologies often put environmental and economic concerns in direct competition with one another.


Standard 6
Students will develop an understanding of the role of society in the development and use of technology.

Objective
Throughout history, new technologies have resulted from the demands, values, and interests of individuals, businesses, industries, and societies.

Objective
The use of inventions and innovations has led to changes in society and the creation of new needs and wants.

Objective
Social and cultural priorities and values are reflected in technological devices.

Objective
Meeting societal expectations is the driving force behind the acceptance and use of products and systems.


Standard 7
Students will develop an understanding of the influence of technology on history.

Objective
Many inventions and innovations have evolved by using slow and methodical processes of tests and refinements.

Objective
The specialization of function has been at the heart of many technological improvements.

Objective
The design and construction of structures for service or convenience have evolved from the development of techniques for measurement, controlling systems, and the understanding of spatial relationships.

Objective
In the past, an invention or innovation was not usually developed with the knowledge of science.


Standard 8
Students will develop an understanding of the attributes of design.

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Objective
Design is a creative planning process that leads to useful products and systems.

Objective
There is no perfect design.

Objective
Requirements for a design are made up of criteria and constraints.


Standard 9
Students will develop an understanding of engineering design.

Objective
Design involves a set of steps, which can be performed in different sequences and repeated as needed.

Objective
Brainstorming is a group problem-solving design process in which each person in the group presents his or her ideas in an open forum.

Objective
Modeling, testing, evaluating, and modifying are used to transform ideas into practical solutions.


Standard 10
Students will develop an understanding of the role of troubleshooting, research and development, invention and innovation, and experimentation in problem solving.

Objective
Troubleshooting is a problem-solving method used to identify the cause of a malfunction in a technological system.

Objective
Invention is a process of turning ideas and imagination into devices and systems. Innovation is the process of modifying an existing product or system to improve it.

Objective
Some technological problems are best solved through experimentation.


Standard 11
Students will develop the abilities to apply the design process.

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Objective
Apply a design process to solve problems in and beyond the laboratory-classroom.

Objective
Specify criteria and constraints for the design.

Objective
Make two-dimensional and three-dimensional representations of the designed solution.

Objective
Test and evaluate the design in relation to pre-established requirements, such as criteria and constraints, and refine as needed.

Objective
Make a product or system and document the solution.


Standard 12
Students will develop the abilities to use and maintain technological products and systems.

Objective
Use information provided in manuals, protocols, or by experienced people to see and understand how things work.

Objective
Use tools, materials, and machines safely to diagnose, adjust, and repair systems.

Objective
Use computers and calculators in various applications.

Objective
Operate and maintain systems in order to achieve a given purpose.


Standard 13
Students will develop the abilities to assess the impact of products and systems.

Objective
Design and use instruments to collect data

Objective
Use data collected to analyze and interpret trends in order to identify the positive or negative effects of a technology.

Objective
Identify trends and monitor potential consequences of technological development.

Objective
Interpret and evaluate the accuracy of the information obtained and determine if it is useful.


Standard 14
Students will develop an understanding of and be able to select and use medical technologies.

Objective
Advances and innovations in medical technologies are used to improve healthcare.

Objective
Sanitation processes used in the disposal of medical products help to protect people from harmful organisms and disease, and shape the ethics of medical safety.

Objective
The vaccines developed for use in immunization require specialized technologies to support environments in which a sufficient amount of vaccines are produced.

Objective
Genetic engineering involves modifying the structure of DNA to produce novel genetic make-ups.


Standard 15
Students will develop an understanding of and be able to select and use agricultural and related biotechnologies.

Objective
Technological advances in agriculture directly affect the time and number of people required to produce food for a large population.

Objective
A wide range of specialized equipment and practices is used to improve the production of food, fiber, fuel, and other useful products and in the care of animals.

Objective
Biotechnology applies the principles of biology to create commercial products or processes.

Objective
Artificial ecosystems are human-made complexes that replicate some aspects of the natural environment.

Objective
The development of refrigeration, freezing, dehydration, preservation, and irradiation preserve long-term storage of food and reduce the health risks caused by tainted food.


Standard 16
Students will develop an understanding of and be able to select and use energy and power technologies.

Objective
Energy is the capacity to do work.

Objective
Energy can be used to do work, using many processes.

Objective
Power is the rate at which energy is converted from one form to another or transferred from one place to another, or the rate at which work is done.

Objective
Power systems are used to drive and provide propulsion to other technological products and systems.

Objective
Much of the energy used in our environment is not used efficiently.


Standard 17
Students will develop an understanding of and be able to select and use information and communication technologies.

Objective
Information and communication systems allow information to be transferred from human to human, human to machine, and machine to human.

Objective
Communication systems are made up of a source, encoder, transmitter, receiver, decoder and destination.

Objective
The design of a message is influenced by such factors as the intended audience, medium, purpose, and nature of the message.

Objective
The use of symbols, measurements, and drawings promotes clear communication by providing a common language to express ideas.


Standard 18
Students will develop an understanding of and be able to select and use transportation technologies.

Objective
Transporting people and goods involves a combination of individuals and vehicles.

Objective
Transportation vehicles are made up of subsystems, such as structural, propulsion, suspension, guidance, control, and support, that must function together for a system to work effectively.

Objective
Governmental regulations often influence the design and operation of transportation systems.

Objective
Processes, such a receiving, holding, storing, loading, moving, unloading, delivering, evaluating, marketing, managing, communicating, and using conventions are necessary for the entire transportation system to operate efficiently.


Standard 19
Students will develop an understanding of and be able to select and use manufacturing technologies.

Objective
Manufacturing systems use mechanical processes that change the form of materials through the processes of separating, forming, combining, and conditioning them.

Objective
Manufactured goods may be classified as durable and non-durable.

Objective
The manufacturing process includes the designing, development, making, and servicing of products and systems.

Objective
Chemical technologies are used to modify or alter chemical substances.

Objective
Materials must first be located before they can be extracted from the earth through such processes as harvesting, drilling, and mining.

Objective
Marketing a product involves informing the public about it as well as assisting in selling and distributing it.


Standard 20
Students will develop an understanding of and be able to select and use construction technologies.

Objective
The selection of designs for structures is based on factors such as building laws and codes, style, convenience, cost, climate, and function.

Objective
Structures rest on a foundation.

Objective
Some structures are temporary, while others are permanent.

Objective
Buildings generally contain a variety of subsystems.


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