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Science - Elementary Curriculum
Science - Kindergarten
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Core Standards of the Course

Standard 1
The Processes of Science, Communication of Science, and the Nature of Science. Students will be able to apply scientific processes, communicate scientific ideas effectively, and understand the nature of science.

Objective 1
Generating Evidence: Using the processes of scientific investigation (i.e. framing questions, designing investigations, conducting investigations, collecting data, drawing conclusions)

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  1. Framing questions: Observe using senses, create a hypothesis, and focus a question that can lead to an investigation.
  2. Designing investigations: Consider reasons that support ideas, identify ways to gather information that could test ideas, design fair tests, share designs with peers for input and refinement.
  3. Conducting investigations: Observe, manipulate, measure, describe.
  4. Collecting data: Deciding what data to collect and how to organize, record, and manipulate the data.
  5. Drawing conclusions: Analyzing data, making conclusions connected to the data or the evidence gathered, identifying limitations or conclusions, identifying future questions to investigate.

Objective 2
Communicating Science: Communicating effectively using science language and reasoning

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  1. Developing social interaction skills with peers.
  2. Sharing ideas with peers.
  3. Connecting ideas with reasons (evidence).
  4. Using multiple methods of communicating reasons/evidence (verbal, charts, graphs).

Objective 3
Knowing in Science: Understanding the nature of science

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  1. Ideas are supported by reasons.
  2. There are limits to ideas in science (i.e. what can be observed, measured, and verified).
  3. Differences in conclusions are best settled through additional observations and investigations.
  4. Communication of ideas in science is important for helping to check the reasons for ideas.

Standard 2
Earth and Space Science. Students will gain an understanding of Earth and Space Science through the study of earth materials, celestial movement, and weather.

Objective 1
Investigate non‐living things.

Supplemental Materials (pdf)

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  1. Observe and record that big rocks break down into small rocks, e.g., boulders, rocks, pebbles, sand.
  2. Demonstrate how water and wind move nonliving things.
  3. Sort, group, and classify Earth materials, e.g., hard, smooth, rough, shiny, flat.

Objective 2
Observe and describe changes in day and night.

Supplemental Materials (pdf)

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  1. Compare and contrast light and dark in a daynight cycle and identify the changes as a pattern.
  2. Investigate, interpret, and explain to others that the sun provides heat and light to Earth.
  3. Examine what happens when you block the sun’s light. Explore shadows and temperature changes.

Objective 3
Compare changes in weather over time.

Supplemental Materials (pdf)

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  1. Observe and record that weather changes occur from day‐to‐day and weather patterns occur from season to season.
  2. Communicate ways weather can affect individuals.
  3. Describe, predict, and discuss daily weather conditions and how predicting the weather can improve our lives.

Standard 3
Physical Science. Students will gain an understanding of Physical Science through the study of the forces of motion and the properties of materials.

Objective 1
Identify how non‐living things move.

Supplemental Materials (pdf)

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  1. Observe and record how objects move in different ways, e.g., fast, slow, zigzag, round and round, up and down, straight line, back and forth, slide, roll, bounce, spin, swing, float, and glide.
  2. Compare and contrast how physical properties of objects affect their movement, e.g., hard, soft, feathered, round, square, cone, geometric shapes.

Objective 2
Describe parts of non‐living things.

Supplemental Materials (pdf)

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  1. Describe how parts are used to build things and how things can be taken apart.
  2. Explain why things may not work the same if some of the parts are missing.

Standard 4
Life Science. Students will gain an understanding of Life Science through the study of changes in organisms over time and the nature of living things.

Objective 1
Investigate living things.

Supplemental Materials (pdf)

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  1. Construct questions, give reasons, and share findings about all living things.
  2. Compare and contrast young plants and animals with their parents.
  3. Describe some changes in plants and animals that are so slow or so fast that they are hard to see (e.g., seasonal change, “fast” blooming flower, slow growth, hatching egg).

Objective 2
Describe the parts of living things.

Supplemental Materials (pdf)

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  1. Differentiate between the five senses and related body parts.
  2. Identify major parts of plants, e.g., roots, stem, leaf, flower, trunk, branches.
  3. Compare the parts of different animals, e.g., skin, fur, feathers, scales; hand, wing, flipper, fin.

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