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Social Studies - 4th Grade

Standard I       Standard II       Standard III

4th Grade General Resources:

Books  Books

  • Big Book of Social Studies, by Dinah Zike; ISBN: 978-1-882796-20-5
  • Reading Like A Historian: World History Toolkit, Rinehart & Winston; ISBN: 0030938252

Standard 1 Students will understand the relationship between the physical geography in Utah and human life.

Objective 1:
Classify major physical geographic attributes of Utah.

Books Books

  • Lost in the Devil's Desert, by Gloria Skurzynski; ISBN: 0688045936
    Boy accidently kidnapped get dropped in Utah desert and tries to survive.
  • Latitude and Longitude, by Rebecca Aberg; ISBN: 0516277650
  • Cracking Up: A Story About Erosion, by Jacqui Bailey & Stacey Previn; ISBN: 1404819967

Indicators:

  1. Identify Utah’s latitude, longitude, hemisphere, climate, natural resources, landforms, and regions using a variety of geographic tools.
  2. Examine the forces at work in creating the physical geography of Utah (e.g. erosion, seismic activity, climate change).

Objective 2:
Analyze how physical geography affects human life in Utah.

Books Books

  • Utah Atlas: Geography and History, by Cliff B. Craig & M. Elijah Carr; ISBN: 1-4236-0075-4

Indicators:

  1. Identify population concentrations in the state and infer causal relationships between population and physical geography.
  2. Classify the distribution and use of natural resources.
  3. Compare the development of industry and business in Utah as it relates to its physical geography (e.g. mining, oil, agriculture, tourism).
  4. Make inferences about the relationships between the physical geography of Utah and the state’s communication and transportation systems (e.g. trails, roads, telegraph, rail lines).
  5. Examine the interactions between physical geography and public health and safety (e.g. inversions, earthquakes, flooding, fire).
  6. Explain how archaeology informs about the past (e.g. artifacts, ruins, excavations).

Objective 3:
Analyze how human actions modify the physical environment.

Books Books

  • Utah, by P.J. Neri ; ISBN: 9780516223827
  • The Lorax, by Dr. Seuss; ISBN: 0-39482-337-0
Transcontinental Railroad
  • The Great Railroad Race: The Diary of Libby West, by Kristiana Gregory; ISBN: 0-590-10991-x
  • You Wouldn't Want to Work on the Railroad: A Track You'd Rather Not Go Down, by David Salariya & Ian Graham; ISBN: 0-531-16208-7
  • The Railroad builders (Quest for America), by Jack McCorkle; ISBN: 0-8136-6204-4
  • The Transcontinental Railroad: Tracks Across America, by Jil Fine; ISBN: 0-516-25098-1
  • Ten Mile Day: And the Building of the Transcontinental Railroad, by Mary Ann Fraser; ISBN: 0-8050-4703-4
  • Building the Transcontinental Railroad (Seeds of Change in American History), by Monica Halpern & David V. Newble; ISBN: 0-7922-8690-1
  • The Transcontinental Railroad: Using Proportions to Solve Problems, by Therese Shea; ISBN: 1-4042-6075-7
  • The Railroad, by Bobbie Kalman; ISBN: 0-7787-0108-5
  • Dragon’s Gate, by Laurence Yep; ISBN: 0-06-440489-7
  • Coolies, by Yin; ISBN: 0-14-250055-0

Indicators:

  1. Describe how and why humans have changed the physical environment of Utah to meet their needs (e.g. reservoirs, irrigation, climate, transportation systems and cities).
  2. Explain viewpoints regarding environmental issues (e.g. species protection, land use, pollution controls, mass transit, water rights, trust lands).
  3. Outline the development of recreation in Utah since 1900 (e.g. sports, tourism, state, and national parks).
  4. Make data-supported predictions about the future needs of Utahns and the natural resources that will be necessary to meet those needs.
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Standard II Students will understand how Utah’s history has been shaped by many diverse people, events, and ideas.

Objective 1:
Describe the historical and current impact of various cultural groups on Utah.

Books Books

Mormon Trail
  • Sacred Places: A Comprehensive Guide to Early LDS Historical Sites - Vol. 6: Wyoming and Utah, by LaMar C. Barrett (Ed.); ISBN: 978-1-59038-541-8
  • The Mormon Pioneer Trail, by Cobblestone Magazine; ISBN: 0382407806
Pioneers/Cultural Groups
  • A Pioneer Sampler: The Daily Life of a Pioneer Family in 1840, by Barbara Greenwood; ISBN: 0-395-88393-8
    In depth description of pioneer life told through the life of a fictional family.
  • Going Along the Emigrant Trails, by Barbara Fifer; ISBN: 1-56037-354-7
  • Hands-On Pioneers: Art Activities for All Ages, by Emily Young Merrill & Yvonne Y. Merrill; ISBN: 1-57345-085-5
  • Little House on the Prairie, by Laura Ingalls Wilder; ISBN: 0064400026
    Pioneer family moved to Kansas builds a house, digs a well, deals with Indians.
  • Mr. Tucket, by Gary Paulsen; ISBN: 0440411335
    Pioneer Boy, Kidnapped by Indians is rescued by Fur trappers and learns the trade.
  • Pioneer Days: Discover the Past With Fun Projects, Games, Activities, & Recipes, by David C. King; ISBN: 0-471-16169-1
    Collection of crafts, recipes, and games from Pioneer Days
  • The Wagon Train, by Bobbie Kalman; ISBN: 0-7787-0102-6
  • The White Indian Boy: The Story Of Uncle Nick Among The Shoshones, by Elijah Nicholas Wilson & Howard R. Driggs; ISBN: 1417909285
    Pioneer boys runs away with Shoshone Indians and live with then for two years.
  • Canyons, by Gary Paulson; ISBN: 0440210232
  • The Great Brain, by John D. Fitzgerald; ISBN: 0142400580
    Catholic family living in small town Utah- boys deal with good issues
  • Justin and the Best Biscuits in the World, by Mildred Walter; ISBN: 0679803467
    Black Boy learns of his heritage from slavery forwarded from his great grandfather’s journal.
  • Racing the Sun, by Paul Pitts; ISBN: 0380754967
    Navajo Grandfather comes to live with son’s family in Salt Lake City
  • When Clay Sings, by Byrd Baylor; ISBN: 0-689-71106-9
    Poem about prehistoric Indian culture through poetry designs
  • The Girl Who Chased Away Sorrow: The Diary of Sarah Nita, a Navajo Girl, by Ann Turner; ISBN: 0590972162
  • Legend of Jimmy Spoon, by Kristiana Gregory; ISBN: 0-15216-776-5
Explorers/Trappers
  • In Behalf of the Light: the Dominguez and Escalante Expedition of 1776, by Joseph Cerquone
  • The Dominguez and Escalante Expedition, by Expedition, Inc.
  • Hands-On Rocky Mountains: Art Activities About Anasazi, American Indians, Settler, Trappers and Cowboys, by Yvonne Young Merrill; ISBN: 0-9643177-2-9
  • Rocky Mountain Rendezvous: A History of The Fur Trade 1825 - 1840, by Fred Gowans; ISBN: 1586857568
  • Explorers, Missionaries, and Trappers: Trailblazers of the West, Kieran Doherty; ISBN: 9781881508526

Indicators:

  1. Chart the routes that diverse cultural groups took from their places of origin to Utah, using maps and other resources.
  2. Explore points of view about life in Utah from a variety of cultural groups using primary source documents.
  3. Explore cultural influences from various groups found in Utah today (e.g. food, music, religion, dress, festivals).
  4. Identify and describe leaders from various cultures who exemplify outstanding character and life skills.
  5. Explain the importance of preserving cultural prehistory and history, including archaeological sites and other historic sites and artifacts.

Objective 2:
Describe ways that Utah has changed over time.

Books Books

  • Worth Remembering, by Jacalyn S. Leavitt
  • Historical Thinking and Other Unnatural Acts: Charting the Future of Teaching the Past, by Sam Wineberg; ISBN: 1566398568
Pony Express
  • Jimmy Spoon and the Pony Express, by Kristiana Gregory; ISBN: 0-59046-578-3
  • Wanted-A Few Bold Riders: A Story of the Pony Express, by Darice Bailer; ISBN: 1-56899-465-6
  • Pony Express – Cobblestone Magazine
  • Buffalo Bill and the Pony Express, by Eleanor Coerr; ISBN: 0-06-444220-9
  • Riding Freedom, by Pam Munoz Ryan; ISBN: 0-439-08796-1
Japanese Internment / Topaz
  • Baseball Saved Us, by Ken Mochizuki; ISBN: 1-880000-19-9

Indicators:

  1. Identify key events and trends in Utah history and their significance (e.g. American Indian settlement, European exploration, Mormon settlement, westward expansion, American Indian relocation, statehood, development of industry, World War I and II).
  2. Compare the experiences faced by today’s immigrants with those faced by immigrants in Utah’s history.

Objective 3:
Investigate the development of the economy in Utah.

Books Books

  • Lemons And Lemonade: A Book About Supply And Demand, by Nancy Loewen; ISBN: 9781404809567
  • Lawn boy, by Gary Paulsen; ISBN: 9780385746861

Indicators:

  1. Explain the relationship between supply and demand.
  2. Describe the role of producers and consumers.
  3. Identify examples of producers and consumers in the local community.
  4. Research the development of Utah’s economy over time.
  5. Identify the factors which bring about economic changes (e.g. natural resource development, new technologies, new market development, globalization, global conflicts, education).
  6. Examine how economic development affects communities (e.g. dams, sports, tourism, power plants, mining, etc.).
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Standard III Students will understand the roles of civic life, politics, and government in the lives of Utah citizens.

Objective 1:
Describe the responsibilities and rights of individuals in a representative government as well as in the school and community.

Books Books

  • The Pledge of Allegiance, by Francis Bellamy; ISBN: 0-43939-962-9
  • America the Beautiful, by Katherine Lee Bates & Wendell Minor; ISBN: 0-43939-963-7
  • Becoming a Citizen, by Sarah De Capua; ISBN: 0-51627-366-3
  • Paying Taxes, by Sarah De Capua; ISBN: 0-51627-367-1
  • Serving on a Jury, by Sarah De Capua; ISBN: 0-51627-364-7
  • Running for Public Office, by Sarah De Capua; ISBN: 0-51627-368-X
  • Voting, by Sarah De Capua; ISBN: 0-51627-365-5

Indicators:

  1. Identify rights of a citizen (e.g. voting, peaceful assembly, freedom of religion).
  2. Identify responsibilities of a citizen (e.g. jury duty, obeying the law, paying taxes).
  3. Determine how and why the rights and responsibilities of various groups have varied over time (e.g. Chinese railroad workers, Greek miners, women, children, Mormons, Japanese-Americans at Topaz, American Indians, African-Americans).
  4. Explain how the influence and power of individuals is affected when they organize into groups.
  5. Describe and model ways that citizens can participate in civic responsibilities (e.g. current issue analysis, recycling, volunteering with civic organizations, letter writing).
  6. Contribute to and practice classroom goals, rules and responsibilities.
  7. Recognize and demonstrate respect for United States and Utah symbols (i.e. Pledge of Allegiance, flag etiquette).

Objective 2:
Analyze the different ways people have organized governments in Utah to meet community needs.

Books Books

  • Cricket and the Cracker Box Kid, by Alane Ferguson; ISBN:  0-02734-525-4
  • Government of Utah: Nature lovers, teachers, students, color & learn about Utah, by Paul Thompson; ISBN: 0931075254.

Indicators:

  1. Identify the forms of government found in Utah in different eras (i.e. historic and current American Indian government, State of Deseret, Utah Territory, statehoodera, present).
  2. Compare how these governments addressed community needs.
  3. Compare the roles and responsibilities of state, county, and local officials.
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