Physical Education Standards for 3-Year-Olds
The goal of physical education is to develop healthy, responsible children who have the knowledge, skills, and dispositions to work together, think critically, and participate in a variety of activities that lead to a lifelong healthy lifestyle. Physical development is integral to building children’s self-esteem, confidence, fitness, and well-being. Research tells us that children who are physically active for 60 minutes a day (24 hours), are healthier, have higher self-confidence, learn more effectively, and are less likely to be absent (National Association for Sport and Physical Education [NASPE], 2011). As children refine their physical movements, they develop higher-order thinking skills that are necessary for future social and academic success. Children develop life skills through participation in cooperative and competitive activity.
Quality physical education utilizes developmentally appropriate experiences to develop competence and confidence in a variety of activities such as sports, dance, outdoor recreation, and physical fitness. The emphasis should be on providing success and enjoyment for all children. Children need well-rounded playtime with opportunities to develop both gross (large) and fine (small) motor control.
ADULTS SUPPORT LEARNING IN PHYSICAL EDUCATION WHEN THEY:
Core Standards of the Course
Strand 1: MOTOR SKILLS AND MOVEMENT
Motor skill development includes both small muscle and large muscle movements. Gross (large) motor skills include walking, kicking, hopping, galloping, running, sliding, skipping, leaping, and jumping. Fine (small) motor skills include activities to strengthen the hand and wrist, helping students to begin to develop pre-writing skills.
Standard PE 3 yr.1.1
Participate in activities that develop control and balance during movement that moves the child from one place to another (for example, walk forward in a straight line, hop, run and stop, change direction, and jump over low objects).
Standard PE 3 yr.1.2
Participate in activities that develop coordination and balance in movement that does not move the child from one place to another (for example, balance on one foot, and move body parts in isolation).
Strand 3: PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AS A TOOL FOR WELLNESS
Children will identify activities that bring satisfaction and pleasure through participating and through reflecting on physical activity and how it can promote a lifetime of wellness.
Standard PE 3 yr.3.1
Recognize how exercise and physical activity influence our physical and emotional wellness (for example, feel the change in breathing or heart rate, talk about how it helps our muscles and body, ask what physical activities a child enjoys).
http://www.uen.org - in partnership with Utah State Board of Education (USBE) and Utah System of Higher Education (USHE). Send questions or comments to USBE Specialist - Jessica Mackley and see the Early Learning website. For general questions about Utah's Core Standards contact the Director - Jennifer Throndsen. These materials have been produced by and for the teachers of the State of Utah. Copies of these materials may be freely reproduced for teacher and classroom use. When distributing these materials, credit should be given to Utah State Board of Education. These materials may not be published, in whole or part, or in any other format, without the written permission of the Utah State Board of Education, 250 East 500 South, PO Box 144200, Salt Lake City, Utah 84114-4200.