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CTE/Skilled & Technical Sciences Education Curriculum Television Broadcasting 2
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Core Standards of the Course

Strand 1
Students will be able to understand and demonstrate the correct operation of the camera.

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Standard 1
Identify the functions of the main parts of a camera, including:

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  1. Image Sensor
  2. Lens
  3. Body
  4. Viewfinder

Standard 2
Demonstrate use of advanced camera operations, including:

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  1. Focus
  2. White balance, both indoors and outdoors
  3. Exposure involving the iris/aperture and shutter speed
  4. Recording settings
    • Format
    • Current camera resolutions (720, 1080, 4K, etc.)
    • Appropriate frame rates and their uses

Standard 3
Demonstrate proper use of camera supports, including:

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  1. Tripod
  2. Monopod
  3. Reducing camera shake when handheld

Standard 4
Demonstrate effective shot composition (framing), including:

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  1. Rule of thirds
  2. The difference between nose room and lead room
  3. Headroom
  4. Two shot

Standard 5
Demonstrate effective use of various shot types, including:

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  1. Wide or long (LS)
  2. Medium (MS)
  3. Close up (CU)

Standard 6
Demonstrate effective use of various camera angles, including:

  1. High angle
  2. Eye level
  3. Low angle

Standard 7
Demonstrate effective use of various camera movements, including:

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  1. Pan
  2. Truck
  3. Tilt
  4. Pedestal
  5. Zoom
  6. Dolly
  7. Arc

Perfomance Skill
Demonstrate knowledge of the correct operation of the camera.

  1. Identify the functions of the main parts of a camera.
  2. Demonstrate use of advanced camera operations.
  3. Demonstrate proper use of camera supports.
  4. Demonstrate effective shot composition (framing).
  5. Demonstrate effective use of various shot types.
  6. Demonstrate effective use of various camera angles.
  7. Demonstrate effective use of various camera angles.
  8. Demonstrate effective use of various camera angles.

Strand 2
Students will be able to understand and demonstrate proper use of audio systems.

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Standard 1
Identify various types of microphones and filters and demonstrate appropriate use of each.

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  1. Microphone types
    • Lavaliere
    • Handheld mic
    • Shotgun/Boom mic

Standard 2
Demonstrate effective editing of audio recordings.

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  1. Set appropriate audio levels for different audio types
    • Dialogue
    • Sound effects
    • Music
    • Clipping
  2. Demonstrate effective use of a three-point lighting system and its components
  3. Demonstrate effective use of ambient sound

Performance Skill
Understand and demonstrate proper use of audio systems.

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  1. Identify various types of microphones and filters and demonstrate appropriate use of each.
  2. Demonstrate effective editing of audio recordings.

Strand 3
Students will demonstrate proper use of lighting systems.

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Standard 1
Demonstrate understanding of a three-point lighting system and its components.

  1. Fill light
  2. Key Light
  3. Back or Halo Light

Standard 2
Identify and demonstrate effective use of lighting instruments and accessories.

  1. Direct light
  2. Diffused light
  3. Barn doors
  4. Reflectors
  5. Diffusers (softbox, umbrella, etc.)
  6. Gels

Standard 3
Setup and use lighting appropriately for various situations.

  1. Chroma key lighting
  2. Background Lighting

Perfomance Skill
Demonstrate proper use of lighting systems.

  1. Demonstrate understanding of a three-point lighting system and its components.
  2. Identify and demonstrate effective use of lighting instruments and accessories.
  3. Setup and use lighting appropriately for various situations.

Strand 4
Students will demonstrate the proper use of broadcast production equipment and components.

Standard 1
Demonstrate advanced use of a live production switcher and identify its components.

  1. Preview row (Bus)
  2. Program row (Bus)
  3. Key row (Bus)
  4. Mix/Effects (M/E)
  5. Fader Bar

Standard 2
Demonstrate advanced use of an audio mixer (soundboard).

  1. Mic/line inputs
  2. Mic/line faders
  3. Pan
  4. Master fader
  5. VU meter

Standard 3
Demonstrate proper use of a teleprompter.

Standard 4
Identify various connectors.

  1. BNC
  2. HDMI
  3. Mini (1/8”)
    • Stereo/Mono
  4. 1/4”
    • Stereo/Mono
  5. RCA
  6. USB
  7. XLR

Performance Skill
Demonstrate the proper use of broadcast production equipment and components.

  1. Demonstrate advanced use of a live production switcher and identify its components.
  2. Demonstrate advanced use of an audio mixer (soundboard).
  3. Demonstrate proper use of a teleprompter.
  4. Identify various connectors.

Strand 5
Students will effectively perform the functions of the control room and studio personnel.

Standard 1
Perform various control room crew responsibilities.

  1. Producer
  2. Director
  3. Technical director
  4. Audio engineer
  5. Video playback
  6. Graphics
  7. Teleprompter

Standard 2
Perform various studio crew responsibilities.

  1. Floor director
  2. Camera operator
  3. Talent

Performance Skill
Effectively perform the functions of the control room and studio personnel.

  1. Perform various control room crew responsibilities.
  2. Perform various studio crew responsibilities.

Strand 6
Students will demonstrate proper pre-production tasks.

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Standard 1
Participate in pre-production meetings.

Standard 2
Use effective communication skills when planning a production, including:

  1. Purpose
  2. Audience

Standard 3
ffectively create storyboards.

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Standard 4
Effectively demonstrate proper script writing.

Standard 5
Properly use rundown for broadcast productions.

  1. Blocks/timeline
  2. Shot list (Camera number, position, shot type)
  3. Bumper and Teasers

Standard 6
Studio preparation.

Performance Skill
Demonstrate proper pre-production tasks.

  1. Participate in pre-production meetings.
  2. Use effective communication skills when planning a production.
  3. Effectively create storyboards.
  4. Effectively demonstrate proper script writing.
  5. Properly use rundown for broadcast productions.
  6. Studio preparation.

Strand 7
Students will demonstrate effective news gathering.

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Standard 1
Create hard and soft news stories.

Standard 2
Demonstrate effective interview techniques.

  1. Street interview
  2. Sit-down interview

Standard 3
Develop effective new stories that include:

  1. Interviews
  2. Narration
  3. B-roll
  4. Lead-in/out

Performance Skill
Demonstrate effective news gathering.

  1. Create hard and soft news stories.
  2. Demonstrate effective interview techniques.
  3. Develop effective new stories.

Strand 8
Students will demonstrate proper post-production techniques.

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Standard 1
Demonstrate appropriate file management and archiving processes.

  1. Transferring
  2. Organizing
  3. Naming

Standard 2
Demonstrate effective editing workflows.

  1. Preview media
    • Trim
  2. Rough cut
    • Cuts
    • Transitions
  3. Tighten sequence
  4. Filters/effects
    • Graphics
    • Keyframe animation
  5. Export

Standard 3
Demonstrate effective output of media.

  1. Use appropriate settings for desired output (i.e., web, mobile, movie screen, TV, etc.)
    • Codecs (h.264, ProRes, XAVC, etc.)
    • Containers (.MP4, .MOV, etc.)
    • Resolutions (720, 1080, 4K, etc.)
    • Frame per second

Perfomance Skill
Demonstrate proper post-production techniques.

  1. Demonstrate appropriate file management and archiving processes.
  2. Demonstrate effective editing workflows.
  3. Demonstrate effective output of media.

Strand 9
Students will demonstrate the use of visual effects and graphics.

Standard 1
Demonstrate effective use of various visual effects, including:

  1. Chroma key
  2. Over-the-shoulder box
  3. Virtual Studio
  4. Transitions

Standard 2
Demonstrate effective use of graphics, including:

  1. Lower third
  2. Text
    • Font styles
    • Colors
    • Title safe area
  3. Computer‐generated design
  4. Still images

Performance Skill
Demonstrate the use of visual effects and graphics.

  1. Demonstrate effective use of various visual effects.
  2. Demonstrate effective use of graphics.

Strand 10
Students will produce multiple broadcasts.

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Standard 1
Produce a broadcast that includes, but isn’t limited to the following:

  1. Multiple cameras and/or switching between video content
  2. Segments, news packages, and/or commercials/PSAs
  3. Broadcast to an audience

Perfomance Skill
Produce multiple broadcasts.


Strand 11
Students will be able to understand and practice copyright laws, ethics and legal issues as identified in United States Code Title 17 Chapter 1 Section 101.

Standard 1
Define copyright, public domain, fair use, creative commons, and ethics.

Standard 2
Practice ethics and rules governing photojournalism.

  1. Fair use
  2. Time limitations
  3. Copying and distribution limitations

Strand 12
Students will understand the importance of career readiness skills as it relates to the workplace and outlined in the SkillsUSA Framework – Level 2.

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Standard 1
Understand and demonstrate reliability.

  1. Determine individual time management skills.
  2. Explore what’s ethical in the workplace or school.
  3. Demonstrate awareness of government.
  4. Demonstrate awareness of professional organizations and trade unions.

Standard 2
Understand and demonstrate responsiveness.

  1. Define the customer.
  2. Recognize benefits of doing a community service project.
  3. Demonstrate social etiquette.
  4. Identify customer expectations.

Standard 3
Understand resiliency

  1. Discover self-motivation techniques and establish short-term goals.
  2. Select characters of a positive image.
  3. Identify a mentor.

Standard 4
Understand and demonstrate workplace habits.

  1. Participate in a shadowing activity.
  2. Explore workplace ethics: codes of conduct.
  3. Recognize safety issues.
  4. Perform a skill demonstration.
  5. Exercise your right to know.

Standard 5
Understand and develop initiative.

  1. Develop personal financial skills.
  2. Develop a business plan.
  3. Investigate entrepreneurship opportunities.

Standard 6
Understand and demonstrate continuous improvement.

  1. Conduct a worker interview.
  2. Demonstrate evaluation skills.
  3. Examine ethics and values in the workplace.
  4. Develop a working relationship with a mentor.
  5. Construct a job search network.


UEN logo http://www.uen.org - in partnership with Utah State Board of Education (USBE) and Utah System of Higher Education (USHE).  Send questions or comments to USBE Specialist - A Bodell and see the CTE/Skilled & Technical Sciences Education website. For general questions about Utah's Core Standards contact the Director - THALEA LONGHURST .

These materials have been produced by and for the teachers of the State of Utah. Copies of these materials may be freely reproduced for teacher and classroom use. When distributing these materials, credit should be given to Utah State Board of Education. These materials may not be published, in whole or part, or in any other format, without the written permission of the Utah State Board of Education, 250 East 500 South, PO Box 144200, Salt Lake City, Utah 84114-4200.