Students will identify and use source documents to journalize transactions, post journal entries to the ledger, and prepare a trial balance.
Define and explain the purpose of the general journal and journalize business transactions.
Accounting -- Posting to General and Subsidiary Ledgers
Introduce general ledgers, and the need for subsidiary ledgers for a partnership set up as a merchandising business. Introduction of the need for subsidiary ledgers for accounts payable and accounts receivable accounts. Discussion of controlling accounts, the balance of a controlling account and its relationship to the individual subsidiary ledger. Review of posting the journal's general column entries to their general ledgers, posting the journal 's special column totals for sales, sales tax, purchases debit, and cash to their general ledgers. In addition to posting journal entries totals of A/P and A/R columns, the individual entries related to the A/P and A/R accounts that need to be posted individually to their individual subsidiary ledgers. Introduction of how to prove the accuracy of the subsidiary A/R ledgers by preparing a schedule of A/R and proving the accuracy of the subsidiary A/P ledgers by preparing a schedule of A/P. Then as a final step how to prepare a trial balance to prove that debits equal credits.
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