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Apparel Design and Production I
Strand 5Students will utilize construction techniques at the introductory level using basic construction skills.
Explain and be able to demonstrate the following construction terms: basting stitch, back stitch, pivot, trimming, reinforce stitch, top stitch, right sides together.
Basting stitch: Set the machine for the longest stitch possible; no backstitching; baste within the seam allowance, close to but not on the seamline.
Back stitch: Stitching a short distance to reinforce stitching in a seam. If available, you may use your machine's "fix" function to lock the stitches at the beginning and end of the seam.
Pivot: Stitch to the corner marking. Leave the needle in the fabric and lift the presser foot. Pivot the fabric. Lower the presser foot and continue stitching.
Trimming: Trimming means to cut off part of the seam allowance to reduce bulk. Trim away 3/8 of an inch of fabric along the full length of the seam. This will leave a 1/4-inch seam allowance. Corners of garment pieces are trimmed by cutting diagonally across the corner. Be careful not to cut through the stitching.
Reinforce stitch: Smaller length stitching that make a seam stronger (12-14) stitches per inch). Reinforcement stitching is used in places like crotches and corners. A second row of stitching to make a seam stronger. This type of reinforcement stitching is used in places like armholes.
Top stitch: Topstitching is a row of evenly spaced straight stitches visible on the right side of a garment, typically aligned parallel to an edge or a seam. Two functions are to anchor layers of fabric together, and to accent an edge as a finishing detail.
Right sides together (RST): Fabrics are placed right sides together when sewing a seam allowance.
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