Strand: MEASUREMENT AND DATA (2.MD)

Measure and estimate lengths in standard units (Standards 2.MD.1–4) and relate addition and subtraction to length (Standards 2.MD.5–6). They work with time and money (Standards 2.MD.7–8). They represent and interpret data (Standards 2.MD.9–10).
• Alexander, Who Used to be Rich Last Sunday
The purpose of this task is for students to find combinations of coins that total the amounts given in a story.
• Bar Graph Sorter
The objectives of this lesson are to introduce bargraphs and ask students to sort them by a particular attribute.
• Choices, Choices, Choices
The purpose of this task is for students to solve problems involving money with prices given in both dollars and cents.
• Delayed Gratification
The purpose of this task is for students to compare two options for a prize where the value of one is given \$2 at a time, giving them an opportunity to "work with equal groups of objects to gain foundations for multiplication."
• Determining Length
Within the task students have the opportunity to measure and compare lengths of their own foot and that of a partner.
• Elapsed Time Two
This lesson can be used to help students understand how to read a clock, as well as understand addition and subtraction with time.
• Favorite Ice Cream Flavor
The purpose of this task is for students to represent and interpret categorical data. So this task could be used with advanced first graders or second graders just beginning to work with bar graphs.
• Frog and Toad on the number line
The purpose of this task is for students to use a number line to show why two different sums are equal and to represent that equality with an equation. This task could be used to introduce the idea of representing addition on the number line; the teacher could set up a number line on the board or floor so students can act out where the two amphibious friends end up.
• Grade 2 Math Module 2: Addition and Subtraction of Length Units (Engage NY)
In this 12-day Grade 2 module, students engage in activities designed to deepen their conceptual understanding of measurement and to relate addition and subtraction to length. Their work in Module 2 is exclusively with metric units in order to support place value concepts. Customary units will be introduced in Module 7.
• Grade 2 Math Module 7: Problem Solving with Length, Money, and Data (Engage NY)
Module 7 presents an opportunity for students to practice addition and subtraction strategies within 100 and problem-solving skills as they learn to work with various types of units within the contexts of length, money, and data. Students represent categorical and measurement data using picture graphs, bar graphs, and line plots. They revisit measuring and estimating length from Module 2, though now using both metric and customary units.
In order to assist educators with the implementation of the Common Core, the New York State Education Department provides curricular modules in Pre-K-Grade 12 English Language Arts and Mathematics that schools and districts can adopt or adapt for local purposes.
• Grade 2 Unit 1: Extending Base Ten Understanding (Georgia Standards)
In this unit, students will understand the value placed on the digits within a three-digit number, recognize that a hundred is created from ten groups of ten, use skip counting strategies to skip count by 5s, 10s, and 100s within 1,000 and represent numbers to 1,000 by using numbers, number names, and expanded form, compare two-digit number using >, =, <.
• Grade 2 Unit 2: Becoming Fluent with Addition and Subtraction (Georgia Standards)
In this unit students will cultivate an understanding of how addition and subtraction affect quantities and are related to each other, will reinforce the multiple meanings for addition (combine, join, and count on) and subtraction (take away, remove, count back, and compare), further develop their understanding of the relationships between addition and subtraction, recognize how the digits 0-9 are used in our place value system to create numbers and manipulate amounts and continue to develop their understanding solving problems with money.
• Grade 2 Unit 3: Understanding Measurement, Length, and Time (Georgia Standards)
In this unit students will know the following customary units for measuring length: inch, foot, yard, recognize the need for standard units of measure, understand the relationship of hours and days and nderstand the importance, usefulness of reasonable estimations and e able to represent the length of several objects by making a line plot.
• Grade 2 Unit 4: Applying Base Ten Understanding (Georgia Standards)
In this unit students will continue to develop their understanding of and facility with addition and subtraction, add up to 4 two-digit numbers, use a variety of models (base ten blocks- ones, tens, and hundreds only; diagrams; number lines; place value strategies; etc.) to add and subtract within one thousand and continue to develop their understanding of, and facility with, money.
• Grade 2 Unit 5: Understanding Plane and Solid Figures (Georgia Standards)
In this unit students will cultivate spatial awareness by further developing understandings of basic geometric figures, identifying plane figures and solid figures based on geometric properties, understand what an array is and how it can be used as a model for repeated addition and organize and record data using tallies, simple tables and charts, picture graphs, and bar graphs.
• Grade 2 Unit 6: Developing Multiplication (Georgia Standards)
In this unit students will understand and model multiplication as repeated addition and as rectangular arrays, determine if a number is odd or even (within twenty) and create and interpret picture graphs and bar graphs.
• Graphing with Colors
This Teaching Channel video and lesson plan has students find colored squares around the room and then create a bar graph. (4 minutes)
• Growing Bean Plants
This task adds some rigor to this common activity, by collecting actual growth data, providing practice for students in measuring and recording length measurements.
• Hand Span Measures
This could be used as a class activity, or students could gather and plot data on separate line plots from different age groups.
• High Jump Competition
This task was designed to offer multiple entry points and solution strategies as students engage in the problem.
• Histogram
This activity will help students understand histograms by allowing them to make their own.
• How Big is a Foot?
The purpose of this task is to understand the idea of a standard unit of measure and why we use them. It also reinforces the idea that we measure lengths by placing units end-to-end.
• IXL Game: Making Change
This game helps second graders solve word problems involving dollar bills, quarters, dimes, nickels, and pennies, using \$ and cents symbols appropriately. This is just one of many online games that supports the Utah Math core. Note: The IXL site requires subscription for unlimited use.
• Jamir's Penny Jar
The purpose of this task is to help students articulate their addition strategies as in and would be most appropriately used once students have a solid understanding of coin values. It also provides a context where it makes sense to "skip count by 5s and 10s" for the combinations that involve more than one nickel or dime.
• Longest Walk
Given a map, students in this task locate two points and draw a line between them and then calculate the length of the line.
Students will find the value of money in piggy banks using the coins, cents, and dollars. They will then arrange the value on a number line.
• Measurement and Data (2.MD) - Second Grade Core Guide
The Utah State Board of Education (USBE) and educators around the state of Utah developed these guides for Second Grade Mathematics - Measurement and Data (2.MD)
• Measurement: What Is It?
This lesson is designed to give students an understanding of measurement and allow them to use various tools of measurement.
• Ordering Time
The purpose of this task is for students to practice reading time shown on both digital and analog clocks and to order a given set of times.
• Pet Shop
The purpose of the task is to use the given prices of stuffed animals at the "pet shop" to solve problems using money. The students need to use their coins or bills to help them solve each problem.
• Primary Economics
The objective of this lesson is to help students recognize and know the value of a penny, nickel, dime and quarter and use various combinations of coins to make money amounts no greater than 25 cents.
• Saving Money 1
The purpose of this task is for students to relate addition and subtraction problems to money and to situations and goals related to saving money.
• Susan's Choice
The purpose of this task is to address the concept of opportunity cost through a real world context involving money.