Students will plant bean seeds, watch them grow, measure them with nonstandard objects. In addition, students will describe the beans' growth in a journal and record the growth on a calendar.
- _____ and the Beanstalk book (pdf) - one
completed copy for the
teacher and one blank
copy for each student
- My Beanstalk Calendar (pdf)
- Three bean seeds for
each student--a variety
of beans is more fun
- Small plastic cup for
- Clear plastic food
- Cotton balls
- Magnifying lenses
- Clear jar
- String for measuring
- mm ruler
- A number of activity
related books on a table
such as: calendars,
books showing plant
growth, books showing
tools and applications,
pictures of plant
scientists at work,
Background for Teachers
This activity will serve students best if done in the last three months
of Kindergarten. Students will plant bean seeds, watch them grow,
measure them with nonstandard objects (string, cubes, etc.) and describe
their growth over several weeks in a journal. This is very flexible and can
be incorporated as individual or group plantings, individual or group
journaling. The students will learn to mark each day on a calendar and
record observations daily. They will increase mastery of naming days of
the week, the concept of a week, and the concept of a month, if
frequently emphasized throughout the activity.
There are numerous content area connections and skill development
opportunities in this activity. The journaling provides authentic need for
writing applications. The plant provides authentic purpose for
measurement and scientific observation. Every student can succeed
because it allows for a broad range of reading, writing, and problem
Intended Learning Outcomes
1. Demonstrate a positive learning attitude.
2. Develop social skills and ethical responsibility.
5. Understand and use basic concepts and skills.
6. Communicate clearly in oral, artistic, written, and nonverbal form.
Invitation to Learn
Refer to the story of Jack and the Beanstalk. Ask the following
questions: "What was it about the beans that was magic? Are there really
magic beans? How long did it take the beanstalk to grow in the story?
How long does it take real beanstalks to grow?" Tell them they will plant
some beans and watch them grow. Will any of their beans be magic
- Introduce _____ and the Beanstalk book (pdf). Show
students a sample of a completed book so they know what the
long-range goal is for the book project. Determine where the
books should be placed each day so they are not lost. Hand out
the books. Each child does the following:
- Write your name on the book.
- Find today on the My Beanstalk Calendar handout
and write, "Day 1." Find the page that says, "Day 1" in the
book. (Tell them today is the first day of this experiment, so
this calendar will show how many days we will do the
experiment, not what day of March it is. Emphasize how to
find the day of the week, and what the name of that day is
daily through this activity.)
- Tell them they have marked it on their calendar and now they
will do the job for the first day in their journal. Point and read
the words together on the Day 1 page. You may choose to
have the words written on a chart. Read them together on the
chart and then again in the book. Students should point to, or
underline, each word for one-to-one correspondence, even if
they cannot read them.
- Students go to an area where there are three seeds in a small
plastic cup for each student. It helps to have their names already
written on the cups with permanent marker. They observe their
seeds (explain that "observe" means to look carefully at the size,
shape, texture, color, etc.). As they are observing, ask questions
about size, texture, and color to prompt observations. Students
talk with friends about what is the same and different.
- Students measure the seeds with pieces of yarn or string and
record the size with a marker.
- Students draw the three seeds on the Day 1 page of their books
and write some descriptive words. (You can write words on a
chart for those who cannot yet invent spelling for themselves.)
- Students fill the cup with hot water and put the seeds in the water
to soak overnight.
Days 2 and 3
- Find the day of the week for today on the journal calendar and
write "Day 2."
- Read the words on the Day 2 page in the journal together.
- Place seeds on a paper towel. Observe them. Are they different
from yesterday? (Write descriptive words they suggest on a chart
as they observe their seeds.)
- Measure seeds with the same strings. Are they different?
- Draw a picture of the seeds on the Day 2 page in the book and
write words about them. Put them back in the cup with hot water.
- Complete steps 1-4 above.
- Work in groups of five. Write the name of each group member on
one of the fingers of a clear, plastic glove. Place a wet cotton ball
in the tip of the finger and place seeds on cotton. Tape the glove
to a window at a level where they can see their name and seeds.
OR plant one set of seeds in a plastic baggie with cotton balls or paper towel in the bottom for the whole class to observe. (Ask
them what they think will happen.)
- Plant one set of beans close to the side in a clear jar with soil &
water as the class beanstalk.
- Draw pictures of the seeds in their new homes and write words to
describe. (Write words and short sentences on a chart to assist
them as needed.)
Day 5 through the end of the experiment
- Record experiment Day number on journal calendar.
- Observe seeds. Draw them in journal. Write about them. Measure
- Teacher should ask questions and write words and short sentences
on a chart daily to assist in vocabulary and writing conventions.
- When measurable growth appears, have students begin to measure
it with a string, mark with a marker dot, and also measure with a
ruler with millimeters marked on it. Ask daily, "What do you
think will happen next?" As the plants in the plastic begin to die
and the one in the pot continues to grow, ask students why this is
- Ask questions related to the story, "What did we do differently
than what Jack and his mother did? What do seeds need to grow?
Would you be like a giant, relative to your class beanstalk? What
would happen if you tried to climb on it?" What kinds of plants
could we climb without breaking them?
- Grow the beans for as long as seems practical in your classroom.
Continue watering, measuring and discussing the changes. When
the daily changes and recording become redundant, a team or
individual may be assigned to be the bean plant scientist for the
day and report to the group. You may move to measuring once a
week, but daily marking of the calendar in the book is important
to the time measurement part of the unit. Ideally, you need to
grow the beans for one month so students experience individual
accountability to daily recognition of calendaring over that time
period. They often learn better what the days of the week are by
the end of the month when it is an individual, rather than group
This activity is a guaranteed success experience for every student
because they can work with other students and can achieve daily the
minimum standard for success on each part of the activity. There is no
particular benchmark except full participation in each step of the activity.
- The table with extension books and materials provide
opportunities for those who have more interest in the subject and
those who complete their work more quickly.
- Students who finish early may also choose to assist those who
have a harder time staying on task.
- Whole group extensions--shared reading.
- Send a note home describing the activity and encouraging parents
to engage in conversation with the students about the progress of
their bean garden. Also encourage them to visit the class and look
at the journals.
- Send home a paper with instructions for a family beanstalk
drawing project. Ask that all in the family draw some part of the
beanstalk and write their names by it. Encourage students to tell
the story to their families.
- Invite families to plant a bean at home and have a contest to see
whose bean grows fastest. Suggest that they help students
measure it every day with a string and make a mark, just like at
school. The students could bring the string from home to
compare to their beans at school.
- The daily journal and string measurement provide ongoing
assessment of on-task participation as well as opportunity for
writing development assessment.
- Put everyone's names on slips of paper or craft sticks and rotate
the answering of daily questions and input in regards to
calendaring mastery, observations, descriptions, predictions, etc.
Keep a class list on a clipboard during the activity with space for
checking off oral language and other skill observations as they answer questions and work in their journals.
- At the end of the activity, ask students to practice saying the days
of the week in order to each other, showing each other the days on
their journal calendar. Ask them to teach their friend and help
him/her work on it until s/he thinks it is learned well. Then tell
the teacher when they can both do it. Spot check students you
think may not have mastery.
- Give everyone a paper with a blank calendar with no words. Ask
them to sit somewhere in the room where they cannot see anyone
else's paper and no one can see theirs. Ask them to color all the
Mondays purple, the Tuesdays yellow, etc.