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Students will play a variety of games to understand multiples and practice their multiplication skills.
Mathematics is especially useful for predictions. Multiples and other number patterns are all about prediction. Working with number patterns helps students develop their concept of functions in mathematics.
The very youngest children start simply by counting. Then they start counting in multiples—twos, fives, tens, etc. These number patterns give students a natural strategy to understand addition and multiplication. Students start by using patterns to find sums: 2 + 2 = 4. As students get older they start using their knowledge of patterns to find products. When asked what 5 x 9 is, they will count by fives nine times. High school students can use their knowledge of number patterns to start to understand functions and other algebraic concepts.
3. Reason mathematically.
Invitation to Learn
Play a skip counting song from the math songs CD. Let children discuss and demonstrate their favorite examples of skip counting.
Ask students how learning the skip counting songs could help them learn their multiplication tables. Introduce the concept of multiples and explain that it is the same as skip counting. Reinforce their understanding of the connection between multiples and multiplication facts.
Calculator/Skip Counting Activity
Play using The Birthdate Game handout.
Play using the I Spy handout.
Introduce students to stories/books about detectives and mysteries. Two Minute Mysteries and Encyclopedia Brown books by Donald Sobol work well for fourth graders.
Use the Math Songs CDs and have children learn and sing the skip counting and multiplication table songs.