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The students will be able to describe the movement of Earth and the moon and the apparent movement of other bodies through the sky.
The Earth has just one moon. It is about 239,000 miles away from the Earth. The moon is ¼ the size of the Earth and it doesnt make any light. The moon reflects the suns light, like a mirror. The sun shines on the moon, and its light reflects off the moons rocks and dust. The Earths moon makes one orbit around the Earth one time a month, (every 28 days). The same side of the moon points toward Earth all the time. We see the moon in different shapes at different times. This is called the phases of the moon. The different phases have to do with the position of the moon and sun.
The Earth rotates on its axis one complete turn in a 24‐ hour period (1 day). This causes the earth to have night and day. As the earth is spinning, it also rotates around the sun. It takes the Earth 365 days, or 1 year, to complete one revolution around the sun.
2. Manifest scientific attitudes and interests.
3. Understand science concepts and principles.
4. Communicate effectively using science language and reasoning.
Invitation to Learn:
Read and share the book, Earth: Our Planet in Space by Seymour Simon, and have students make predictions along the way.
The Earth orbits the sun and the moon orbits the Earth.
The moon receives its light from the sun. The moon reflects the suns light, like a mirror. The sun shines on the moon, and its light reflects off the moons rocks and dust. The Earths moon makes one orbit around the Earth one time a month, (every 28 days). The same side of the moon points toward Earth all the time. Have students write these facts about the Moon in their journals. (These facts may be brought up when students are discussing them in their groups; if not, make sure that they understand these facts about the Earth and Moon.
Out of the three which one is the largest? (Sun)
Out of the three, which one is the smallest? (moon)
Draw a model on the board that shows the sun, earth and moon.
The moon rotates around the Earth and the Earth rotates around the sun. Have students draw the model in their journals and label the following:
Lesson and Activity Time Schedule:
Activity Connected to Lesson: