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Science - 3rd Grade
Standard 1 Objective 1
English Language Arts Grade 3
Reading: Literature Standard 2
Mathematics Grade 3
Strand: NUMBER AND OPERATIONS - FRACTIONS (3.NF) Standard 3.NF.1
Mathematics Grade 3
Strand: NUMBER AND OPERATIONS - FRACTIONS (3.NF) Standard 3.NF.2
Mathematics Grade 3
Strand: NUMBER AND OPERATIONS - FRACTIONS (3.NF) Standard 3.NF.3
Students will activate their prior knowledge about the moon. They will learn when the moon appears, how it looks, and how it changes over time.
The moon is a sphere. It revolves around the earth in a path called an orbit. It is lit by the suns reflected light. The moons appearance changes through its approximately 27 day orbit because of its relation to the sun and our visual vantage point on the earth.
When the earth is between the moon and the sun we see a full moon, when the moon is between the sun and the earth we see a "new" or dark moon. (The slight tilt in the moons orbital path keeps us from having an eclipse every cycle.) The changes in the moons appearance move from right to left.
Students will have some idea that the moon's shape appears to changes. They may have the common misconception that the moon is only visible at night. Students may have some understanding of what an orbit or revolution is. They will commonly misuse the terms revolution (to travel around another body in space) with rotation (to turn around a fixed point or axis).
1. Use Science Process and Thinking Skills
a. Observe simple objects and patterns and report their observations.
f. Conduct a simple investigation when given directions.
h. Use observations to construct a reasonable explanation.
4. Communicate Effectively Using Science Language and Reasoning
b) Report observation with pictures, sentences, and models.
Intended Learning Outcomes Linked to Standards:
Students will make observations of the moon to determine how it looks throughout its cycle.
Students will use their observations to ask questions and develop theories about how the sun, moon, and earth move in space.
Students will explain that the moon is lit by reflected light from the sun. The will describe how the part of the moon that is visible from earth changes.
Five class periods:
Day 1: Introduction to the moon
Day 2: Review, cultural enrichment, additional information
Day 3: Review for understanding and video extension
Day 4: Review student understanding, review homework, final assessment.
The pre-assessment is intended to be the informal discussion of students prior knowledge as well as their drawing of the moon from lesson 1.
However, teachers may choose to use the final multiple choice assessment piece as a pre-assessment to determine growth. Students written assignments and drawings serve as informal formative assessments throughout the unit.
The summative assessment includes the rubric below for assessing students final writing piece and the attached multiple choice Moon assessment.
Writing Rubric: for final notebook entry. Score each item 1 through 5.
1 = no understanding of concept or vocabulary or not present
2 = incomplete or incorrect understanding of concept or vocabulary but working toward understanding
3 = fair understanding of concept or vocabulary, student can use the terms or concepts appropriately most of the time
4 = good understanding of concept or vocabulary, student shows strong knowledge of most of the important ideas and could move to the next concepts with support
5 = excellent understanding of concept of vocabulary, student shows superior knowledge of the important ideas and could easily move to the next concepts
Score the following concepts and vocabulary:
Many Moons by James Thurber
The Moon Was at a Fiesta by Matthew Gollub
Video (From UEN eMedia) Digital Science Online: Exploring Earth, Sun, and Moon
Video (From UEN eMedia) Bill Nye The Moon