After completing the activities in this lesson, students will understand the importance of playground safety.
- blank paper (sample charting format in this lesson)
- hard boiled eggs (3), apples (3), bananas (3), small bouncing ball (1)
- chart paper
- masking tape to label each egg, apple, and banana
- individual clipboards
- overhead transparency
Local newspaper stories about safety; Photographs of safety signs in community
(e.g., construction, speed zones, hand washing signs)
Intended Learning Outcomes
Intended Learning Outcomes
- Demonstrate a positive learning attitude.
- Demonstrate social skills and ethical responsibilities.
- Demonstrate responsible emotional and cognitive behaviors.
- Develop physical skills and personal hygiene.
- Understand and use basic concepts and skills.
- Communicate clearly in oral, artistic, written and nonverbal form.
Symbolization, observation, description, prediction, data collection, investigation,
problem solving, form conclusions
Invitation to Learn
The teacher will give each student a Band-Aid. Ask the student to put it on
an "owie," and then to tell a friend how they got that "owie."
The teacher will then tell the students that they are going to learn some ways
to prevent getting hurt while on the playground.
- Ask if any of the "owies" happened on the school playground.
Have those students who indicated they did share how it happened.
- Divide class into four groups. Each group will be responsible to chart
one experiment. Discuss charting format, and have students in each group make
their own chart by folding paper as illustrated in this lesson. Students will
draw lines and add text for their group experiment as indicated e.g., egg,
banana, apple, or ball. The text should be simplified to a label (i.e., asphalt).
It is written out in this example as a clarification for teachers.
- Distribute clipboards for students to attach to their charts. Remind students
to bring a pencil and take the class outside. Invite students to observe and
describe what the playground looks like (bring out the different kinds of
surfaces on the playground). Explain they are going to do an experiment using
their apples, eggs, bananas, and balls on the playground.
- Ask students to sit beside the members of their group (but the whole class
will stay in the same area). Each group will be responsible for charting only
their own experiment. Have each student in the egg group discuss, draw and/or
write their prediction of what will happen to the egg if it were dropped on
various surfaces and record their predictions in the spaces on top row. Repeat
the same procedure for the groups, throwing an apple or bouncing a ball across
each surface. Students in the banana group will discuss and predict what will
happen to the banana if it bumped against a piece of playground equipment
when being held by someone walking, and when held by someone running. Then
they will discuss and predict what would happen to a banana if it were to
crowd in line and record their predictions on the chart.
- One group at a time will be given 3 hard-boiled eggs, 3 apples, 3 bananas,
or a ball. Each group will perform their experiment while the rest of the
class observes each of the experiments (dropping the egg, throwing the apple,
bouncing the ball, and moving with the banana into equipment). Have the students
observe, discuss, draw, and/or write their observations in the appropriate
boxes on their charts.
- Sit down together (either inside or outside) and discuss what they predicted
and what they observed. Ask them why they think the outcomes of the various
objects were different on the different surfaces (and banana at different
- Ask the students why they think the playground was created with different
kinds of surfaces. Ask the students how they can relate the egg, apple, and
banana to the human body. Compare the breaking of the apple skin to an abrasion
on a knee, the egg to a broken bone, the bruising of the apple or banana to
the bruising of
an injury. Talk about appropriate places to play running games, ball games,
jump ropes, etc. Discuss the potential problems if students play a game in
an inappropriate place (i.e., soccer in the jump rope area, jump ropes around
the playground equipment, tag by the swings or slides).
- Have the students help create a few basic playground rules, and write these
rules on a chart using shared writing strategies. Display these rules in the
classroom or in the hall. The established routines of most classrooms are
less evident on the playground, and children with low language skills frequently
also lack judgmental and negotiating skills. This lesson could be adapted
to assist these students.
- Work with students on first aid skills, calling for help, and emergency
names and numbers.
- Writing about or verbally sharing personal experiences of playground happenings.
- Class meetings about playground problems.
Students can share the results of their experiments and share their predictions
and results recorded on their charts.
Students could create a class newsletter describing their experiments and findings.
Student work is collected for portfolios as part of ongoing assessment.
The teacher takes note of appropriate playground behavior and students ability
to problem solve.