Utah's We The People Home
V. What Does the Bill of Rights Protect I. Foundations of
American Government

II. Creation of
the Constitution

III. Formation of the Federal System

IV. Development of the Bill of Rights

V. What Does the Bill
of Rights Protect?

VI. Citizen's Role in Democracy

Teaching Strategies


Web Sites for Court Cases:

Find Law
You can use Find Law to search topics or actual cases. This site is also helpful if you are wondering what cases might have  been discussed concerning a certain clause, section, or amendment of  the Constitution.

Cornell Law School - Legal Information Institute
Use this site to search for current and past court cases. It includes federal and state case law.

OYEZ - U.S. Supreme Court Multimedia
This site is great if you want a synopsis  or summary of a case without reading all of the related case documents.  Their summaries include the facts of the case, question presented, and conclusion.

The Bill of Rights Institute
Bill of Rights Institute has a large selection of free lesson plans available to teachers looking for a way to bring the Bill of Rights and the Constitution to life. Primary Source Activities, Citizenship and Character Lessons, and Historical Narratives offer new ideas for the study of the amendments to the U.S. Constitution and how those amendments affect U.S. society.

Relevant Court Cases

  • Abington School District v. Schempp (1963) - public schools, classroom religious exercises, and the First Amendment.
  • Al Odah v. United States (2004) - Patriot Act, enemy combatants, jurisdiction and Guantanamo Bay.
  • Dennis v. United States (1951) - further clarification of  clear and present danger and stipulations.
  • Engel v. Vitale (1962) - nondenominational prayer in school and establishment clause.
  • Gideon v. Wainwright (1963) - right to counsel for those who can’t afford it.
  • Gitlow v. new York (1925) - First Amendment and incorporation.
  • Lawrence and Garner v. Texas (2003) - Texas sodomy case and right to privacy.
  • Lemon v. Kurtzman (1971) - religious tests applicable to establishment clause.
  • Mapp v. Ohio (1961) - illegal search evidence and exclusionary rule.
  • Miller v. California (1973) - obscenity and the First Amendment.
  • Miranda v. Arizona (1966) - rights when arrested.
  • New York Times v. Sullivan (1964) - free speech, libel, and public officials.
  • New York Times v. United States (1971) - clarified clear and present danger and restraint of press.
  • Rasul v. Bush (2004) - jurisdiction of Guantanamo Bay detainees and Patriot Act.
  • Roth v. United States (1957) - obscenity and free speech.
  • Schenck v. United States (1919) - limitations to free speech - clear and present danger.
  • Stone v. Graham (1980) - Ten Commandments only religious, no other purpose.
  • Texas v. Johnson (1989) - flag-burning and freedom of expression.
  • Tinker v. Des Moines (1969) - armbands, freedom of expression, and public schools.
  • Wisconsin v. Yoder (1972) - free exercise of religion and mandatory school attendance past eighth grade.

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Contact: Pam Su'a, Jordan School District
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