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Background For Teachers:
Sandy soil contains particles that can be seen with the naked eye and feels gritty when rubbed between the thumb and forefinger. Sandy soils will generally not stick together when wet.
Silty soil contains particles, which are smaller than sand particles but larger than clay particles. Silt feels powdery when rubbed between the thumb and forefinger. Silty soil sticks together when wet, but will not hold its shape after it is dry.
Clay soil contains the smallest particle size. Clay particles form a sticky soil when wet and will generally hold a shape after drying. Soils are rarely composed of just sand, silt, or clay. They are usually a mixture of the three with a larger percentage of one size of particles.
This lesson plan was provided by the Utah Museum of Natural History.
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