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Background For Teachers:
Washakie helped to establish peace for the Shoshones as the United States Army and non-Indian
settlers proved insurmountable adversaries for American Indian communities throughout North
America. Perhaps influenced by the Bear River Massacre, which had devastated the Northwestern
Shoshone people, Washakie entered treaty negotiations with the United States. His leadership was
memorialized when the Northwestern Shoshones established a farm in the Malad Valley, near Brigham
City, Utah, and named their new settlement Washakie.
Place students into groups of three so that each student has knowledge of one period of Washakie’s
life. Have the students take turns teaching each other the five facts they found most important. All
team members should take notes from their teammates. Once every member has fifteen important
facts about Washakie, they can return to their seats.
Dramer, Kim. The Shoshone. New York: Chelsea House Publishers, 1997.
Hebard, Grace Raymond. Washakie: Chief of the Shoshones. Introduction by Richard O. Clemmer. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1995.
Parry, Mae. "The Northwestern Shoshone." In A History of Utah's American Indians. Ed. Forrest S. Cuch. Salt Lake City: Utah State Division of Indian Affairs and the Utah Division of State History, 2000.
The University of Utah's American West Center (AWC) produced the curriculum materials in consultation with the Utah Division of Indian Affairs, Utah State Office of Education, KUED 7, and the Goshute, Northwestern Band of the Shoshone, Southern Paiute, and Ute nations.
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