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Main Curriculum Tie:
Background For Teachers:
The teacher may want to be prepared with a bowl of sugar, along with a measuring cup and spoons to demonstrate how much sugar is contained in some of the foods students eat (Chart C).
Carbohydrates, the body's main source of energy, are classified in two groups:
2.Simple carbohydrates (sugars) are found in fruits, juices, milk, yogurt, and candy.
Nutrients are classified into six groups: carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, minerals, and water.
Student Prior Knowledge:
Intended Learning Outcomes:
2. Using Chart A, have small groups of students place the names of the cereals in their correct place on the chart. Ask the groups to share their results. Record the information on the overhead copy of Chart A.
Correct answers are:
3. Give each group one of the cereal labels. Show the class where to find the nutritional information on the label. Have the groups evaluate their answers.
4. Follow this activity with a class discussion on what sugar does to teeth and health in general. Do they brush their teeth after they eat their cereal or foods with high sugar content? What does moderation mean? Should we learn to moderate our sugar intake? What affect might that have on taste?
5. Hand out a copy of Chart B to each group. Have the groups complete the first column of the Chart with their cereal box label. Have the groups trade labels and continue charting information about the different cereals. Ask students to discuss their findings with the class.
6. After teaching the following information, follow up with a class discussion: Explain that simple sugars, found in fruits, juices, milk, yogurt, and candy, are broken down and digested very quickly. Complex carbohydrates such as cereal and bread, take longer to break down and digest. If you eat a high sugar content cereal for breakfast, you will be hungry more quickly than if you eat a cereal with complex carbohydrates. If you add one teaspoon (5 grams) of sugar to cereal, you will have increased the simple carbohydrates. Add a banana instead of the sugar. It will add fiber and nutrients not found in simple sugar.
7. Pass out and discuss Chart C. Inform students that the USDA has recommended no more than 10 teaspoons of added sugar per day. To get an idea of this amount, ask students to create a 5-day Sugar Menu on the back of their paper. The menu must consist of foods from the chart that, when added up, total 10 teaspoons of added sugar or less. Instruct students to use different foods for each of the five days.
8. Have each student list a few snacks of their choice from Chart C. Have the students total how much sugar is in each food. Make a graph of the foods and their sugar content. (They may want to see--using measuring spoons and the bowl of sugar--how much that really is.)
9. Have students brainstorm ways to lessen the amount of sugar in their diet.
Strategies For Diverse Learners:
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