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Using Protocols to Enhance Student Collaboration

Life Skills:

  • Thinking & Reasoning
  • Communication

Curriculum Tie:

Time Frame:
1 class period that runs 30 minutes.

Group Size:
Small Groups


 

Summary:
Students use a Tuning Protocol to give and receive peer-to-peer feedback on student writing in a structured, safe environment.

Main Curriculum Tie:
English Language Arts Grade 9-10Writing Standard 5
Develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach, focusing on addressing what is most significant for a specific purpose and audience.

Career Connections:

  • All

Materials:
Copies of student writing
Copies of Tuning Protocol

Background For Teachers:
Student participation in a structured process of peer-to-peer collaboration can be intimidating and anxiety producing for the student presenting work for feedback.

Having a set of shared guidelines helps everybody participate in a manner that is respectful as well as conducive to helpful feedback.

The peer tuning protocol is an adaptation of a protocol that was originally developed as a means for collaborators to receive feedback and fine-tune their developing work, including exhibitions, portfolios and design projects. Since its trial run in 1992, the Tuning Protocol has been widely used and adapted for educational purposes in and among schools across the country.

Web Sites

Student Prior Knowledge:
Students will need a clear understanding of the expectations for classroom and small group conversations/collaboration.

Intended Learning Outcomes:

  • Students will be able to frame focusing questions to guide their work.
  • Students will be able to participate effectively and meaningfully in classroom and student collaboration conversations.

Instructional Procedures:

  1. Introduction:
    After handing out copies of the Tuning Protocol for Providing Feedback on Student Work, the teacher briefly introduces protocol goals, guidelines, and schedule

  2. Focus/Framing Question Exercise:
    Ask students to write in their journals about a dilemma or a question they have about their writing/work sample. Tell them to pay particular attention to the formation of their focus question for student feedback.

  3. Ask for a volunteer to begin the process of sharing work and eliciting feedback. Distribute copies of the student's work to all participants.

  4. Form student groups of 4-5 students.

  5. Carefully select the facilitator/recorder for each group.

  6. Begin the protocol.

  7. Debrief the process with whole group.

    Attachments

    Strategies For Diverse Learners:
    The Tuning Protocol can be adapted according to student need: provide the struggling student with appropriate sentence frames that can be used in academic populations. Gifted students can be used to facilitate protocols and to help others frame focus questions.

    Extensions:
    Use with projects, portfolios, student proposals.

    Rubric:

    Bibliography:
    School Reform Initiative: http://www.schoolreforminitiative.org

    Author:
    DEBRA DRUMMOND

    Created Date :
    May 06 2013 18:56 PM

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