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Anne Frank in the World, 1929 - 1945 Teacher Workbook

Teachers' Notes

Preface
The Anne Frank Journal is an American adaptation of the Anne Frank Krant that is published in Holland. The Anne Frank Krant is published by the Anne Frank Center every year on May 5th. On this day the liberation from the Nazi regime is celebrated in Holland. In the Anne Frank Krant the history of the rise and fall of the Nazis is told, together with the story of Anne Frank. Information is also given about current forms of racism, discrimination and neo-Nazism.

Working with the Anne Frank Center in New York, and with the help of American educational experts, we have adapted the text and illustrations of the Anne Frank Krant for use in middle and secondary schools in the United States. We expect the Journal to be appropriate for use in subjects like English, History, Social Studies, and Moral Education. The Journal is best used in projects that combine several of these subjects.

Approach & Aims
The premise of the Anne Frank Journal is that the study of history is most meaningful when it has significance for present day society. The Journal examines the history of the period 1929-1945 on the scale of the individual as well as on the larger scale of political developments. The story of Anne Frank is the story of an 'ordinary' girl who became a victim of a regime that believed in the principle of racial superiority.

The history of Nazi Germany is the history of a country that expelled Jews and other so-called 'inferior' people from society, oppressed them, and finally exterminated them. It was a slow process that started in a small way and ended on a dreadful and gigantic scale. The Journal is concerned with the way the process began and with how people reacted to the Nazis: with indifference, resignation, selfishness, or resistance.

The Anne Frank Journal stresses the need for every individual to make a choice, not only with regard to what happened in the past, but also with regard to what is happening today when people are often still treated as second-class citizens because of their descent, when racist groups try to blame minorities for all problems, and when racial violence (by organized racists and 'ordinary' people) is common.

General Suggestions

Series of Lessons

'It's really a wonder that I haven't dropped all my ideals.'

We Are Not Going to Take It

The Rise and Fall Of the Nazis
It should be emphasized that the Nazi's were elected with 6.4 million votes, a plurality.

Summing Up
Racism is not just a matter of neo-Nazi propaganda. It is important to stress that, though racism is a keystone in fascist thought, action against neo-Nazism is not identical to fighting racism.

Read the sentence:

People will spot a problem and will not rest until they have found a scapegoat to blame it on.

Ask the question: Could today's racism lead to something like the Holocaust?

Return to the quote from the diary that you put on the blackboard and ask the students their opinions after going through the whole Journal.

Anne Frank Center
106 East 19th St. 4th Floor
New York, NY 10003
(212) 529-9532

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