Project Lead The Way "Digital Electronics"


Course Preface
Printable Version (pdf) 
Course Introduction
Core Standards of the Course
Standard 210121.01
FUNDAMENTALS
Objective 210121.0101
Students will be able to identify hazards in the lab and know locations of the safety equipment and how to use it. (Safety)
Objective 210121.0102
Students will understand the causes of and the dangers from electric shock and explain methods to prevent it. (Safety)
Objective 210121.0103
Students will understand that the process of designing an electronic circuit takes into account many factors, including environment concerns, and will be familiar with precautionary measures. (Safety)
Objective 210121.0104
Students will be able to label the parts of the atom. (Basic Electron Theory)
Objective 210121.0105
Students will explain the relationship of quantum energy required to strip away electrons from atoms to being classified as an insulator or conductor. (Basic Electron Theory)
Objective 210121.0106
Students will learn how to apply Kirchhoff's voltage and current laws to closed loops. (Basic Electron Theory)
Objective 210121.0107
Students will be able to define and explain the difference between direct and alternating currents. (Basic Electron Theory)
Objective 210121.0108
Students will be able to rewrite any number using conventional prefix definitions. (Scientific Prefixes)
Objective 210121.0109
Students will understand the material makeup of resistors and how they are used in circuit design. (Resistors)
Objective 210121.0110
Students will understand the symbols associated with resistors. (Resistors)
Objective 210121.0111
Students will be able to correctly setup lab equipment to measure resistor values in order to compare measured and rated values. (Resistors)
Objective 210121.0112
Students will calculate the tolerance levels of various resistors to determine if the measured value is within specifications. (Resistors)
Objective 210121.0113
Students will be able to draw and label the parts of a simple circuit. (Laws)
Objective 210121.0114
Students will build and test a variety of series and parallel circuits, using simulation software and protoboards, to prove the accuracy of Ohm's and Kirchhoff's laws. (Laws)
Objective 210121.0115
Students will correctly select and utilize electrical meters to determine voltage, resistance and current in simple circuits. (Laws)
Objective 210121.0116
Students will calculate the resistance, current and voltage in a circuit using Ohm's Law. (Laws)
Objective 210121.0117
Students will describe the component parts of a capacitor and describe how a capacitor holds a static charge. (Capacitance)
Objective 210121.0118
Students will use and understand the units of measurement for capacitors. (Capacitance)
Objective 210121.0119
Students will be able to calculate the value of capacitors mathematically and through the use of instrumentation. (Capacitance)
Objective 210121.0120
Students will be familiar with different types of capacitors and their voltage polarity requirements. (Capacitance)
Objective 210121.0121
Students will be able to draw a digital waveform and identify the anatomy of the waveform. (Analog and Digital Waveforms)
Objective 210121.0122
Students will differentiate between digital and analog signals when given the waveforms. (Analog and Digital Waveforms)
Objective 210121.0123
Students will wire and test a freerunning clock circuits using a 555 timer. (Analog and Digital Waveforms)
Objective 210121.0124
Students will calculate the output frequency of a clock circuits using observations and the oscilloscope. (Analog and Digital Waveforms)
Standard 210121.02
NUMBER SYSTEMS
Objective 210121.0201
Students will understand numerical place value. (Conversions)
Objective 210121.0202
Students use mathematical symbols to represent different bases and will communicate concepts using different number systems. (Conversions)
Objective 210121.0203
Students will demonstrate the relationship of binary and hexadecimal to bits and bytes of information used in computers. (Conversions)
Objective 210121.0204
Students will convert values from one number system to another. (Conversions)
Objective 210121.0301
Students will use schematics and symbolic Algebra to represent digital gates in the creation of solutions to design problems. (Logic Gates)
Objective 210121.0302
Students will identify the name, symbol, and function and create the truth table, and Boolean Expression for the basic logic gates through research and experimentation. (Logic Gates)
Objective 210121.0303
Students will apply logic to design and create, using gates, solutions to a problem. (Logic Gates)
Standard 210121.04
BOOLEAN ALGEBRA
Objective 210121.0401
Students will recognize the relationship between the Boolean expression, logic diagram, and truth table. (Boolean Expressions)
Objective 210121.0402
Students will be able to create Boolean Expressions, logic circuit diagrams or truth tables from information provided in the solution of design problems. (Boolean Expressions)
Objective 210121.0403
Students will appropriately select the SumofProducts or the ProductofSums form of a Boolean Expression to use in the solution of a problem. (Boolean Expressions)
Objective 210121.0404
Students will apply the rules of Boolean algebra to logic diagrams and truth tables to minimize the circuit size necessary to solve a design problem. (Logic Simplifications)
Objective 210121.0405
Students will use DeMorgan's Theorem to simplify a negated expression and to convert a SOP to a POS and visa versa in order to save resources in the production of circuits. (Logic Simplifications)
Objective 210121.0406
Students will formulate and employ a Karnaugh Map to reduce Boolean expressions and logic circuits to their simplest forms. (Logic Simplifications)
Objective 210121.0407
The students will create circuits to solve a problem using NAND or NOR gates to replicate all logic functions. (Duality of Logic Functions)
Objective 210121.0408
The students will apply their understanding of the workings of NOR and NAND gates to make comparisons with standard combinational logic solutions to determine amount of resource reduction. (Duality of Logic Functions)
Standard 210121.05
BOOLEAN ALGEBRA AND CIRCUIT DESIGN
Objective 210121.0501
Students will restate and simplify a digital design problem as part of the systematic approach to solving a problem. (Paradigm for Combinational Logic Problems)
Objective 210121.0502
Students will design, construct, build, troubleshoot, and evaluate a solution to a design problem. (Paradigm for Combinational Logic Problems)
Objective 210121.0503
Students will present an oral report presenting a solution and evaluation of a design problem of their choice. (Paradigm for Combinational Logic Problems)
Objective 210121.0504
Students will discover the code to create numbers on a seven segment display by experimentation. (Specific Application MSI Gates)
Objective 210121.0505
Students will design a circuit to control a seven segment display with a decimal to BCD encoder and a display driver. (Specific Application MSI Gates)
Objective 210121.0506
Students will control the flow of data by utilizing Multiplexers and Demultiplexers. (Specific Application MSI Gates)
Objective 210121.0507
Students will be able to design and implement combinational logic circuits using reprogrammable logic devices. (Programmable Logic Devices (PLD))
Objective 210121.0508
Students will create PLD logic files that define combinational circuit designs using Boolean Expressions. (Programmable Logic Devices (PLD))
Objective 210121.0509
Students will understand and use logic compiler software to create JEDEC files for programming PLDs. (Programmable Logic Devices (PLD))
Objective 210121.0601
Students will demonstrate understanding of binary addition and subtraction by designing circuits to produce correct answers. (Binary Addition)
Objective 210121.0602
Students will create and prove the truth table for both half and full adders. (Binary Addition)
Objective 210121.0603
Students will design, construct and test adder circuits using both discrete gates and MSI gates. (Binary Addition)
Objective 210121.0701
Students will construct and test simple latches and flipflops from discrete gates. (Introduction to Sequential Logic)
Objective 210121.0702
Students will interpret, design, draw, and evaluate circuits using the logic symbols for latches and flipflops. (Introduction to Sequential Logic)
Objective 210121.0703
Students will be able to interpret waveform diagrams from circuits they construct and compare them with combinational waveforms. (Introduction to Sequential Logic)
Objective 210121.0704
Students will compare and contrast operation of synchronous with asynchronous flipflop circuits they construct. (The JK FlipFlop)
Objective 210121.0705
Students will be able to create and interpret timing diagrams and truth tables for JK FlipFlops. (The JK FlipFlop)
Objective 210121.0706
Students will understand the different types of triggers used by latches and flipflops and select the appropriate one for the circuits they design. (Triggers)
Objective 210121.0707
Students will analyze timing diagrams that reflect triggering to identify distinguishing characteristics. (Triggers)
Objective 210121.0708
Students will conduct experiments with clock pulse width to determine the effect on the accuracy of data transmission. (FlipFlop Timing Considerations)
Objective 210121.0709
Students will assemble circuits and compile information about the various applications of flipflops. (Elementary Applications of FlipFlops)
Standard 210121.08
SHIFT REGISTERS AND COUNTERS
Objective 210121.0801
Students will conduct experiments to determine the basic principles of how shift registers work. (Shift Registers)
Objective 210121.0802
Students will evaluate the use of shift registers in product design and the speeds at which those products run. (Shift Registers)
Objective 210121.0803
Students will create a circuit using discrete flipflops to discover the operation and characteristics of asynchronous counters. (Asynchronous Counters)
Objective 210121.0804
Students will design, simulate, build and test Mod counters using discrete gates in the solution to a design problem. (Asynchronous Counters)
Objective 210121.0805
Students will design, simulate, build and test asynchronous Mod counters using an integrated counter chip (MSI). (Asynchronous Counters)
Objective 210121.0806
Students will design, simulate, build and test synchronous Mod counters using discrete gates to solve a problem. (Synchronous Counters)
Objective 210121.0807
Students will design, simulate, build and test synchronous Mod counters using an integrated counter chip in the solution to a design problem. (Synchronous Counters)
Standard 210121.09
FAMILIES AND SPECIFICATIONS
Objective 210121.0901
Students will be able to interpret the graphs, charts and written materials contained in a data sheet and apply it to a design problem. (Logic Families)
Objective 210121.0902
Students will be able to correctly setup and use an oscilloscope to observe and measure propagation delay in a digital circuit. (Logic Families)
Objective 210121.0903
Students will be able to define, calculate, and measure noise margin, drive capabilities, fanout and propagation delay. (Logic Families)
Objective 210121.0904
Students will be able to list safety precautions for handling CMOS chips. (Logic Families)
Standard 210121.10
MICROPROCESSORS
Objective 210121.1001
Students will be able to formulate a flow chart to correctly apply basic programming concepts in the planning of a project. (Microcontrollers)
Objective 210121.1002
Students will be able to design and create a program, using correct syntax, to evaluate data and make decisions based on information gathered from the environment using external digital and analog sensors. (Microcontrollers)
Objective 210121.1003
Students will create an interface to allow them to inspect, evaluate and manage program parameters in the microprocessor during the operation of a program. (Microcontrollers)
Objective 210121.1004
Students will be able to design and create a program in correct syntax allowing a microprocessor to evaluate external data in order to operate motors and other devices to control the external environment. (Interfacing with Motors)
Objective 210121.1005
Students will appropriately select, size, and implement interface devices to control external devices. (Interfacing with Motors)
Objective 210121.1006
Students will design and create programming to control the position of stepper motors. (Interfacing with Motors)