###### Mathematics - Algebra 2
Course Preface
Printable Version (pdf)

Course Description

Core Standards of the Course

Standard 1
Students will use the language and operations of algebra to evaluate, analyze and solve problems.

Objective 1
Evaluate, analyze, and solve mathematical situations using algebraic properties and symbols.

1. Solve and graph first-degree absolute value equations of a single variable.
2. Solve radical equations of a single variable, including those with extraneous roots.
3. Solve absolute value and compound inequalities of a single variable.
4. Add, subtract, multiply, and divide rational expressions and solve rational equations.
5. Simplify algebraic expressions involving negative and rational exponents.

Objective 2
Solve systems of equations and inequalities.

1. Solve systems of linear, absolute value, and quadratic equations algebraically and graphically.
2. Graph the solutions of systems of linear, absolute value, and quadratic inequalities on the coordinate plane.
3. Solve application problems involving systems of equations and inequalities.

Objective 3
Represent and compute fluently with complex numbers.

1. Simplify numerical expressions, including those with rational exponents.
2. Simplify expressions involving complex numbers and express them in standard form, a + bi.

Objective 4
Model and solve quadratic equations and inequalities.

1. Model real-world situations using quadratic equations.
2. Approximate the real solutions of quadratic equations graphically.
3. Solve quadratic equations of a single variable over the set of complex numbers by factoring, completing the square, and using the quadratic formula.
4. Solve quadratic inequalities of a single variable.
5. Write a quadratic equation when given the solutions of the equation.

Standard 2
Students will understand and represent functions and analyze function behavior.

Objective 1
Represent mathematical situations using relations.

1. Model real-world relationships with functions.
2. Describe a pattern using function notation.
3. Determine when a relation is a function.
4. Determine the domain and range of relations.

Objective 2
Evaluate and analyze functions.

1. Find the value of a function at a given point.
2. Compose functions when possible.
3. Add, subtract, multiply, and divide functions.
4. Determine whether or not a function has an inverse, and find the inverse when it exists.
5. Identify the domain and range of a function resulting from the combination or composition of functions.

Objective 3
Define and graph exponential functions and use them to model problems in mathematical and real-world contexts.

1. Define exponential functions as functions of the form y = abx ,b > 0,b ≠ 1
2. Model problems of growth and decay using exponential functions.
3. Graph exponential functions.

Objective 4
Define and graph logarithmic functions and use them to solve problems in mathematics and real-world contexts.

1. Relate logarithmic and exponential functions.
2. Simplify logarithmic expressions.
3. Convert logarithms between bases.
4. Solve exponential and logarithmic equations.
5. Graph logarithmic functions.
6. Solve problems involving growth and decay.

Standard 3
Students will use algebraic, spatial, and logical reasoning to solve geometry and measurement problems.

Objective 1
Examine the behavior of functions using coordinate geometry.

1. Identify the domain and range of the absolute value, quadratic, radical, sine, and cosine functions.
3. Graph functions using transformations of parent functions.
4. Write an equation of a parabola in the form y = a(x-h)2 + k when given a graph or equation.

Objective 2
Determine radian and degree measures for angles.

1. Convert angle measurements between radians and degrees.
2. Find angle measures in degrees and radians using inverse trigonometric functions, including exact values for special triangles.

Objective 3
Determine trigonometric measurements using appropriate techniques, tools, and formulas.

1. Define the sine, cosine, and tangent functions using the unit circle.
2. Determine the exact values of the sine, cosine, and tangent functions for the special angles of the unit circle using reference angles.
3. Find the length of an arc using radian measure.
4. Find the area of a sector in a circle using radian measure.

Standard 4
Students will understand concepts from probability and statistics and apply statistical methods to solve problems.

Objective 1
Apply basic concepts of probability.

1. Distinguish between permutations and combinations and identify situations in which each is appropriate.
2. Calculate probabilities using permutations and combinations to count events.
3. Compute conditional and unconditional probabilities in various ways, including by definitions, the general multiplication rule, and probability trees.
4. Define simple discrete random variables.

Objective 2
Use percentiles and measures of variability to analyze data.

1. Compute and compare different measures of spread, including the range, standard deviation, and interquartile range.
2. Compare the effectiveness of different measures of spread, including the range, standard deviation, and interquartile range in specific situations.
3. Use percentiles to summarize the distribution of a numerical variable.
4. Use histograms to obtain percentiles.

These materials have been produced by and for the teachers of the State of Utah. Copies of these materials may be freely reproduced for teacher and classroom use. When distributing these materials, credit should be given to Utah State Office of Education. These materials may not be published, in whole or part, or in any other format, without the written permission of the Utah State Office of Education, 250 East 500 South, PO Box 144200, Salt Lake City, Utah 84114-4200.