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Main Curriculum Tie:
Background For Teachers:
Amphibians are a group of cold-blooded animals that include frogs, toads, newts and salamanders. They typically spend part of their life in water, part on land. They are distinct from reptiles in that their eggs must be laid in moist conditions and that their soft moist skins have no scales. The skin is slippery because there are special glands that produce mucus. This helps keep the very thin skin from losing too much water. This is one adaptation that allows amphibians to live even in very dry deserts. The larvae usually live in the water while the adults live on the land and are generally four-legged and carnivorous.
Reptiles, on the other hand, have dry, scaly skin. They breathe through their lungs. They are also cold-blooded. Most reptiles lay eggs, although certain snakes and lizards keep the eggs in their bodies until the young hatch. They are born live. Most reptiles live by eating other animals.
17 different kinds of amphibians can be found in Utah. There are eight toads, eight frogs (two which are not native) and only one salamander. When it comes to reptiles, however, the list is long! For a specific list of reptiles found in Utah, go to the website listed in resources.
This objective lesson is to help students compare and contrast the behavior and structure of amphibians and reptiles of Utah. Help students learn all about these vertebrates while narrowing their focus to the species found in Utah. The Division of Wildlife Resources website will be an important resource for them to access, both from information as well as colorful pictures of all these animals. The question chart activity will also reinforce Language Arts standards having children organize and report information.
Intended Learning Outcomes:
Invitation to Learn
Structure and Summary of Behavior Questions List
Fine Arts/Visual Arts-
Homework and Family Connections
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