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CTE/Health Science Education Curriculum Introduction to Physical Therapy
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Core Standards of the Course

Strand 1
Students will explore the fundamentals of rehabilitation medicine.

Standard 1
Explore the rehabilitation therapy pathway.

  1. Define rehabilitation therapy
  2. Identify careers in the rehabilitation therapy pathway
  3. Explain the educational requirements for careers in the rehabilitation therapy pathway
  4. Compare and contrast job descriptions for careers in the rehabilitation therapy pathway

Standard 2
Investigate the profession of physical therapy.

  1. Examine the roles and responsibilities of a physical therapist (hospital setting, long-term care facility, clinic, etc.)
  2. Identify the members and roles of the physical therapy team: (surgeon/physician/physician assistant, nurse, physical therapist, physical therapy assistant, physical therapy aide, athletic trainer, chiropractor, massage therapist, etc.)

Standard 3
Explore the history of physical therapy.

  1. Create a historical timeline of the significant contributors, modalities, and treatments in physical therapy
  2. Compare and contrast current and historical modality treatment

Standard 4
Explore the modern profession of physical therapy.

  1. Explore current trends in physical therapy
  2. Analyze current issues in physical therapy
  3. Identify innovative approaches in physical therapy

Standard 5
Explain the role of the American Physical Therapy Association (APTA).

  1. Identify the functions of APTA
  2. Outline the Standards of Practice as defined by the APTA
  3. Describe the importance of involvement in APTA to further career development

Standard 6
Create a career development plan within the physical therapy field.

  1. Explore educational offerings to enhance career development
  2. Compare and evaluate different types of educational opportunities
  3. Describe the benefits of mentoring as a career development tool (job shadows/internships)
  4. Describe the importance of involvement in organizations such as APTA to further career development
  5. Explore specialty areas within the field of physical therapy as described by the American Board of Physical Therapy Specialties (ABPTS)

Strand 2
Medical, Legal, & Ethical-Students will identify the medical, legal, and ethical issues governing the clinical practice of physical therapy.

Standard 1
Identify the rules and regulations of individually identifiable health information.

  1. Examine the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)
  2. Identify consequences of violating Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)
  3. Explain personal responsibilities within the parameters of Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)

Standard 2
Discuss desirable attitudes and behaviors when providing healthcare to diverse patients.

  1. Describe cultural sensitivity in relation to healthcare
  2. Explore ways to treat the underserved and under-represented populations
  3. Identify ways that people from different cultures and backgrounds are stereotyped
  4. Describe the importance of treating patients as individuals

Standard 3
Describe the required documentation related to physical therapy visits and treatment.

  1. Analyze medical records used in a physical therapy setting
  2. Create a SOAP note for each of the following conditions: musculoskeletal, neuromuscular, cardiovascular, and integumentary

Standard 4
Discuss the Utah Physical Therapy Practice Act and how it relates to the roles and relationship between the physical therapy team.

  1. Identify the scope of practice of a physical therapist, physical therapist assistant, and a physical therapy aide
  2. Summarize the five parts of the Utah Physical Therapy Practice Act and identify the legal terms and discuss

Standard 5
Investigate the various types of health insurance and the reimbursement process for physical therapy.

  1. Describe health insurance plans (premium, copay, deductible, etc.)
  2. Compare and contrast government funded plans and private insurance plans in regards to the number of reimbursed physical therapy visits

Strand 3
Professionalism-Identify professional standards and characteristics of a physical therapy team.

Standard 1
Describe the characteristics of an effective healthcare provider in personal and professional terms.

  1. Examine productivity and time management strategies
  2. Discuss implications of dress and other personal behaviors within the healthcare setting
  3. Identify best practices in respect to client relations

Standard 2
Explain effective communication strategies of a physical therapist with patients and all members of the physical therapy team.

  1. Demonstrate appropriate verbal communication skills in a healthcare setting
  2. Demonstrate appropriate nonverbal communication skills in a healthcare setting

Standard 3
Describe stressors that occur in personal and work life and how they might affect your ability to meet the needs of clients.

  1. Identify personal and workplace stressors that may have an effect on you behavior
  2. Describe stress management techniques that can be utilized in your personal life and in the workplace

Strand 4
Terminology-Identify medical terminology related to the profession of physical therapy.

Standard 1
Describe positional terminology in regards to the human body.

  1. Describe anatomical position
  2. Identify body planes and directional terms (sagittal, mid-sagittal, coronal/frontal, transverse/horizontal, superior, inferior, anterior, posterior, medial, lateral, proximal, distal, superficial, and deep)

Standard 2
Compare and contrast body movements.

  1. Flexion, extension, and hypertension
  2. Adduction and abduction
  3. Pronation and supination
  4. Retraction and protraction
  5. Elevation and depression
  6. Rotation and circumduction
  7. External rotation and internal rotation
  8. Lateral flexion (side-bending left and right)
  9. Inversion and eversion
  10. Dorsiflexion and plantar flexion
  11. Radial deviation and ulnar deviation
  12. Opposition

Standard 3
Define terms associated to physical therapy

  1. Activities of daily living (ADLs)
  2. Ataxia
  3. Base of support
  4. Bilateral
  5. Calcaneal valgum
  6. Calcaneal varum
  7. Cervical
  8. Contracture
  9. Core
  10. Deformity
  11. Dissociation
  12. Distal
  13. Dynamic
  14. Extension
  15. External rotation
  16. Fine motor
  17. Flexion
  18. Genu valgum
  19. Genu varum
  20. Gross motor
  21. Hamstrings
  22. Hyperextension
  23. Hypermobility
  24. Hypertonic
  25. Hypotonic
  26. Internal rotation
  27. Instability
  28. Kinesthesia
  29. Kyphosis
  30. Long-sitting
  31. Lordosis
  32. Lumbar
  33. Manual therapy
  34. Midline
  35. Motor control
  36. Motor planning
  37. Obliquity
  38. Pes planus
  39. Prone
  40. Proprioception
  41. Proximal
  42. Quadriceps
  43. Range of motion
  44. Recurvatum
  45. Reflex
  46. Ring sitting
  47. Sacral
  48. Side-sitting
  49. Spasticity
  50. Static
  51. Supine
  52. Symmetrical
  53. Tactile defensiveness
  54. Tailor-sitting
  55. Thoracic
  56. Tone (muscle)
  57. Unilateral
  58. Vestibular stimulation
  59. Weight shift

Strand 5
Musculoskeletal-Students will examine physical therapy principles and methods of healing for musculoskeletal conditions.

Standard 1
Identify conditions and injuries associated with the musculoskeletal systems.

  1. General conditions (osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, fibromyalgia, TMJ dysfunction)
  2. Shoulder injuries (rotator cuff tear, dislocation, frozen shoulder, tendinitis, fracture, shoulder impingement, thoracic outlet syndrome)
  3. Elbow injuries (golferís elbow, tennis elbow, sprain, strain, fractures)
  4. Wrist injuries (carpal tunnel syndrome, sprain, strain, fractures)
  5. Neck and low back injuries (sprain, strain, disc herniation, stenosis, muscle spasm, posture, SI joint dysfunction, coccygodynia)
  6. Hip conditions (acetabular labral tears, bursitis, IT band tightness/syndrome, tendinitis, total knee replacement)
  7. Ankle injuries (Achilles tendinitis, peroneal tendinitis, sprain, strain, fractures)
  8. Foot and toe injuries (plantar fasciitis, tarsal tunnel syndrome, bunionectomies, sprain, strain, fractures)

Standard 2
Identify how to assess musculoskeletal conditions.

  1. Current concerns
  2. General health
  3. Life style/ADLs/functional status (employment, activity level, recent or past injuries)
  4. Joint inspection/ROM
  5. Muscle strength
  6. ADL/functional abilities
  7. Activity tolerance

Standard 3
Explain the progress of a patient through the phases of physical therapy for musculoskeletal conditions.

  1. Identify short- and long-term goals
  2. Control inflammation and pain
  3. Increase range of motion
  4. Increase strength and function
  5. Return to normal function

Standard 4
Model therapeutic exercises and modalities used to treat musculoskeletal conditions and injuries.

  1. Manual therapy (mobilization, myofascial release, soft tissue mobilization)
  2. Strengthening (therapeutic exercises, stabilization)
  3. Range of motion (stretching)
  4. Modalities (traction, e-stimulation, ultrasound, heat/ice)
  5. Patient education
  6. Home exercise program (HEP)

Standard 5
Compare and contrast assessment, therapeutic exercises, and modalities in an adult and a child patient.

  1. Modify the assessment for a pediatric patient
  2. Modify the therapeutic exercises and modalities for a pediatric patient

Standard 6
Compare and contrast assessment, therapeutic exercises, and modalities in an adult and a geriatric patient.

  1. Modify the assessment for a geriatric patient
  2. Modify the therapeutic exercises and modalities for a geriatric patient

Strand 6
Neuromuscular-Students will examine physical therapy principles and methods of healing for neuromuscular conditions.

Standard 1
Identify conditions and injuries associated with the neuromuscular system.

  1. Parkinsonís disease
  2. Guillian-Barre Syndrome
  3. Polio
  4. Multiple sclerosis (MS)
  5. Chronic inflammatory demyelinating neuropathy
  6. West Nile virus
  7. Cerebral palsy
  8. ALS
  9. Head injuries
  10. Spinal cord injuries
  11. Arthritis
  12. Inflammatory myopathies (polymyositis, dermatomyositis, inclusion body myositis)
  13. Multiple fractures and injuries
  14. Crush injuries
  15. Collagen vascular diseases

Standard 2
Identify how to assess neuromuscular conditions.

  1. Impact on life expectancy
  2. Involvement of organ systems
  3. Family, social, community roles
  4. Impact of daily functioning (ambulation, ADLs, communication, nutritional status, community mobility, work performance)
  5. Muscle strength
  6. Joint contractures
  7. Pulmonary function
  8. Cardiomyopathy
  9. Intellectual capacity

Standard 3
Explain the progress of a patient through the phases of physical therapy for neuromuscular conditions.

  1. Identify short- and long-term goals
  2. Control inflammation and pain
  3. Increase range of motion
  4. Increase strength and function
  5. Return to normal function

Standard 4
Model therapeutic exercises and modalities used to treat neuromuscular conditions and injuries.

  1. Manual therapy (mobilization, myofascial release, soft tissue mobilization)
  2. Strengthening (therapeutic exercises, stabilization)
  3. Range of motion (stretching)
  4. Modalities (traction, e-stimulation, ultrasound, heat/ice)
  5. Patient education
  6. Home exercise program (HEP)
  7. Assistive and adaptive devices (crutches, prostheses, wheelchairs)

Standard 5
Compare and contrast assessment, therapeutic exercises, and modalities in an adult and child patient.

  1. Modify the assessment for a pediatric patient
  2. Modify the therapeutic exercises and modalities for a pediatric patient

Standard 6
Compare and contrast assessment, therapeutic exercises, and modalities in an adult and a geriatric patient.

  1. Modify the assessment for a geriatric patient
  2. Modify the therapeutic exercises and modalities for a geriatric patient

Strand 7
Cardiovascular-Students will examine physical therapy principles and methods of healing for cardiovascular conditions.

Standard 1
Identify conditions and defects associated with the cardiovascular systems.

  1. Cardiomyopathy
  2. Heart failure
  3. Coronary artery disease
  4. Myocardial infarction
  5. Valvular disease
  6. Endocarditis
  7. Myocarditis
  8. Pericarditis
  9. Coronary artery-bypass graft (CABG)
  10. Valve replacement or repair
  11. Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty
  12. Percutaneous coronary intervention
  13. Repair of atrial or ventricular septal defect
  14. Cox-Maxe procedure
  15. Trans myocardial laser revascularization
  16. Pericardiectomy
  17. Aortic aneurysm repair
  18. Radiofrequency ablation
  19. Pulmonary artery embolectomy

Standard 2
Identify how to assess cardiovascular conditions.

  1. Onset and duration of symptoms
  2. Previous and ongoing medical and/or surgical treatment
  3. Lab results and diagnostic tests
  4. Social history
  5. Prior functional endurance level
  6. Home environment
  7. Family/caregiver support
  8. Family, professional, social, and community roles
  9. Patientís goals and expectations of returning to previous life roles
  10. Prior drug, tobacco, and alcohol use
  11. Current medications

Standard 3
Explain the progress of a patient through the phases of physical therapy for cardiovascular conditions.

  1. Exercises to improve mobility
  2. Determine cardiac responses to exercise and activity
  3. Increase flexibility
  4. Increase strength and function
  5. Increase aerobic exercise
  6. Independent exercise and conditioning

Standard 4
Model therapeutic exercises and modalities used to treat cardiovascular conditions and defects.

  1. Standing and walking
  2. Low-impact aerobic exercises (treadmill, exercise bike, or rowing machine)
  3. Increase flexibility (ROM)
  4. Strength-training

Standard 5
Compare and contrast assessment, therapeutic exercises, and modalities in an adult and a child patient.

  1. Modify the assessment for a pediatric patient
  2. Modify the therapeutic exercises and modalities for a pediatric patient

Standard 6
Compare and contrast assessment, therapeutic exercises, and modalities in an adult and a geriatric patient.

  1. Modify the assessment for a geriatric patient
  2. Modify the therapeutic exercises and modalities for a geriatric patient

Strand 8
Integumentary-Students will examine physical therapy principles and methods of healing for integumentary conditions.

Standard 1
Identify conditions and injuries associated with the integumentary system.

  1. Burns
  2. Contusions
  3. Pressure ulcers
  4. Neuropathic ulcers
  5. Surgical wounds
  6. Vascular disease
  7. Abscess
  8. Traumatic injury

Standard 2
Identify how to assess integumentary conditions.

  1. Patient history
  2. ADLs
  3. Ambulation (mobility)
  4. Strength
  5. Work/school activities
  6. Adequate mobility or dexterity to perform wound care
  7. Medical history
  8. Wound history
  9. System assessment
  10. Wound location and size
  11. Tunneling and undermining
  12. Wound characteristics (distinctness, thickness, attachment to the base of the wound, epithelialization/pigmentation)

Standard 3
Explain the progress of a patient through the phases of physical therapy for integumentary conditions and injuries.

  1. Pain management
  2. Maximize movement and function (ROM and strengthening)
  3. Facilitate wound healing (wound debridement and dressing application)
  4. Minimize scar/contracture development

Standard 4
Model therapeutic exercises and modalities used to treat integumentary conditions and injuries.

  1. Hydrotherapy
  2. Thermotherapy
  3. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy
  4. Compression therapies (IPC, VAC)
  5. Electrotherapy
  6. Manual therapy (massage)
  7. ROM stretching
  8. Strengthening exercises
  9. Adaptive, protective, or assistive equipment

Standard 5
Compare and contrast assessment, therapeutic exercises, and modalities in an adult and a child patient.

  1. Modify the assessment for a pediatric patient
  2. Modify the therapeutic exercises and modalities for a pediatric patient

Standard 6
Compare and contrast assessment, therapeutic exercises, and modalities in an adult and a geriatric patient.

  1. Modify the assessment for a geriatric patient
  2. Modify the therapeutic exercises and modalities for a geriatric patient.


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Email:  thalea.longhurst@schools.utah.gov

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