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CTE/Skilled & Technical Sciences Education Curriculum Television Broadcasting 2
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Core Standards of the Course

Strand 1
Students will be able to understand and demonstrate the correct operation of the camera.

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Standard 1
Basic parts of a camera

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  1. Image Sensor (CCD/CMOS)
  2. Lens
  3. Body
  4. Viewfinder

Standard 2
Camera movements

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  1. Pan
  2. Truck
  3. Dolly
  4. Arc
  5. Pedestal
  6. Tilt

Standard 3
Picture composition (Framing)

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  1. Rule of thirds
  2. Nose room
  3. Leadroom
  4. Headroom
  5. Two shot
  6. Three shot

Standard 4
Shot selections

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  1. Wide or long (LS)
  2. Medium (MS)
  3. Close up (CU)
  4. Extreme close up (ECU)
  5. Over‐the‐shoulder (O/S)
  6. Cross shot (XS)

Standard 5
Camera operation

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  1. Focus
  2. White balance
  3. Exposure
    • Iris (F-Stop)
    • Shutter Speed
    • Gain
  4. Depth of field
  5. Zoom

Standard 6
Camera Support

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  1. Tripod
  2. Monopod
  3. Jib
  4. Steadicam

Standard 7
Teleprompter


Strand 2
Students will be able to understand and demonstrate audio systems and how they are used.

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Standard 1
Microphones

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  1. Pickup patterns
    • Omnidirectional
    • Unidirectional
    • Bidirectional
    • Hypercardioid
    • Cardioid
  2. Transducers
    • Dynamic
    • Condenser (additional power source)
    • Ribbon
  3. Microphone types
    • Lavaliere - Omnidirectional
    • Handheld (stick)
    • Shotgun/Boom Microphone
  4. Filters
    • Pop filter
    • Wind Screen
    • Wind Sock

Standard 2
Audio Mixer parts

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  1. Mic/line Inputs
  2. Mic/line faders
  3. VU Meter
  4. Master Fader
  5. Line Out
  6. Pot (potentiometer)
  7. Pans (left/right panning)

Standard 3
Audio Mixer Functions

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  1. Volume Control
  2. Combining several inputs into a composite output
  3. Boost microphone level to line level

Strand 3
Students will be able to understand and demonstrate lighting systems and how they are used.

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Standard 1
Principles of Lighting

  1. Triangle or three‐point lighting
  2. Key (Spot)
  3. Back or Halo (Spot)
  4. Fill (Flood)

Standard 2
Lighting instruments and accessories

  1. Spot (direct)
  2. Fresnel (direct)
  3. Flood (diffused)
  4. Filters
  5. Reflectors
  6. Barn doors
  7. Quartz lamps
  8. LED

Standard 3
Lighting

  1. Base lighting
  2. Light measurement (lux and footcandles)
  3. Color temperature (Kelvin)
    • Outdoor 5600K
    • Indoor 3200K
  4. Chroma key
  5. Gels
  6. Situation Lighting
  7. Background
  8. Falloff
  9. Silhouette

Strand 4
Students will be able to understand and demonstrate pre-production and post-production

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Standard 1
Preproduction meeting

Standard 2
News Package

  1. A-roll (Sound bites)
  2. B-roll
  3. Voice over
  4. Cut-aways
  5. Reporter Stand-Up
  6. Scripting
  7. Logging
  8. Editing

Standard 3
Script

Standard 4
Rundown

Standard 5
Studio preparation


Strand 5
Students will be able to understand and demonstrate studio operation.

Standard 1
Crew responsibilities

  1. Floor director
  2. Camera operator
  3. Talent

Standard 2
Connectors

  1. BNC
  2. HDMI
  3. Mini (1/8”)
  4. 1/4”
    • Stereo/Mono
  5. RCA
  6. USB
  7. XLR

Standard 3
Cables

  1. Balanced (three wire)
  2. Unbalanced (two wire)

Standard 4
Post Production Evaluation


Strand 6
Students will be able to understand and demonstrate control room operation.

Standard 1
Crew responsibilities

  1. Producer
  2. Director
  3. Technical director
  4. Audio
  5. Video playback
  6. Graphics
  7. Teleprompter

Standard 2
Production Switcher Parts

  1. Preview Bus
  2. Program Bus
  3. Key Bus
  4. Mix/Effects (M/E)
  5. Fader Bar

Standard 3
Production Switcher Functions

  1. Select video source
  2. Transitions
  3. Special Effects

Strand 7
Students will be able to understand and demonstrate visual effects and graphics.

Standard 1
Visual effects

  1. Chroma key
  2. Picture in Picture (PIP)
  3. Virtual Studio
  4. Transitions

Standard 2
Graphics

  1. Text
  2. Fonts
  3. Colors (readability and contrast)
  4. Title safe area
  5. Computer‐generated design
  6. Still images
  7. Lower third

Strand 8
Students will be able to understand and demonstrate knowledge of television standards.

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Standard 1
NTSC & PAL

Standard 2
High definition vs Standard definition

Standard 3
Aspect ratio

Standard 4
Frames per second (fps)

Standard 5
Interlaced & Progressive


Strand 9
Students will be able to understand and practice copyright laws, ethics and legal issues dealing as identified in United States Code Title 17 Chapter 1 Section 101.

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Standard 1
Define copyright.

Standard 2
Other definitions

  1. Audiovisual works
  2. Computer program
  3. Copies
  4. Copyright owner
  5. Digital transmission
  6. Financial gain
  7. Pictorial, graphic, and sculptural works
  8. Work of visual art

Standard 3
Practice ethics and rules governing photojournalism (i.e. Editorial content must not be changed).

Standard 4
Practice correct usage of copyright laws (i.e. the right to reproduce, manipulate, distribute, plagiarize or exhibit another’s work outside of fair use provisions).

  1. Time limitations
  2. Portion limitations
  3. Text material
  4. Illustrations and photographs
  5. Copying and distribution limitations

Standard 5
Demonstrate understanding of ethics related to social and legal issues in subject choice (i.e. model releases, image appropriateness, and cultural sensitivity).


Strand 10
Students will gain an understanding of Television Broadcasting as a profession and will develop professional skills for the workplace.

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Standard 1
As a participating member of the SkillsUSA student organization, complete the SkillsUSA Level 2 Professional Development Program.

  1. Measure/modify short‐term goals.
  2. Identify stress sources.
  3. Select characteristics of a positive image.
  4. Demonstrate Government awareness.
  5. Demonstrate awareness of professional organizations.
  6. Apply team skills to a group project.
  7. Observe and critique team skills at a local professional meeting.
  8. Demonstrate business meeting skills.
  9. Explore workplace ethics: codes of conduct.
  10. Demonstrate social etiquette.
  11. Complete survey for employment opportunities.
  12. Review a professional journal and develop a three‐ to five‐minute speech.
  13. Complete a job application.
  14. Assemble an employment portfolio.
  15. Explore supervisory and management roles in an organization.
  16. Conduct a worker interview.
  17. Perform a self‐evaluation of proficiency in program competencies.

Standard 2
Serve in the school’s SkillsUSA chapter as a committee member.

Standard 3
Display a professional attitude toward the instructor and peers.

Standard 4
As a participating member of the SkillsUSA student organization, complete the SkillsUSA Level 3 Professional Development Program.

  1. Evaluate your career and training goals.
  2. Market your career choice.
  3. Develop personal financial skills
  4. Serve as a volunteer in the community.
  5. Plan and develop a business.
  6. Conduct a worker interview.
  7. Develop a résumé and write a cover letter.
  8. Demonstrate interviewing skills.
  9. Understand the cost of customer service.
  10. Identify and apply conflict resolution skills.
  11. Demonstrate evaluation skills.
  12. Examine workplace ethics: the role of values in making decisions.
  13. Perform a skill demonstration.
  14. Learn what is contained in Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS).
  15. Perform a self‐evaluation of proficiency in program competencies.

Standard 5
Serve as an officer in the school’s chapter of SkillsUSA

Standard 6
Participate in an authorized SkillsUSA TV Broadcasting competition.

Standard 7
Display a professional attitude toward the instructor and peers.



UEN logo http://www.uen.org - in partnership with Utah State Board of Education (USBE) and Utah System of Higher Education (USHE).  Send questions or comments to USBE Specialist - A Bodell and see the CTE/Skilled & Technical Sciences Education website. For general questions about Utah's Core Standards contact the Director - THALEA LONGHURST .  
Email:  thalea.longhurst@schools.utah.gov

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