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Physical Education Curriculum
Physical Education - Fitness For Life
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Core Standards of the Course

Standard 1
Students will demonstrate competency in motor skills and movement patterns needed to perform a variety of physical activities.

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Objective 1
Demonstrate an understanding of the fitness outcomes in a variety of activities.

  1. Demonstrate basic competence in a variety of activities that contribute to improvement of overall fitness.
  2. Analyze daily activities such as walking, climbing, lifting, and various household chores for their ability to provide fitness benefits.
  3. Modify sports and activities to include an aerobic benefit.
  4. Use FITT (frequency, intensity, time, type) guidelines to evaluate activities.

Objective 2
Demonstrate active participation outside of the school day.

  1. Participate in recreational activities offered through community agencies.
  2. Participate in activities developing fitness outside of the school day.
  3. Maintain activity journals illustrating activity participation outside of school hours.

Standard 2
Students will demonstrate understanding of movement, fitness and nutrition concepts, principles, and strategies as they apply to the learning and performance of fitness activities.

Objective 1
Recognize the relationship between physical activity and personal health.

  1. Recognize that health-related fitness is a lifelong process unique to each individual.
  2. Identify genetic influences on body type, sedentary lifestyle diseases, muscle types, and rates of weight gain and loss.
  3. Describe how physical activity affects body mass composition, including muscle and fat percentages and bone density.
  4. Describe the mental, social, and psychological benefits of physical activity.
  5. Describe how exercise increases longevity and quality of life through the reduction of stress.

Objective 2
Explain the elements of physical fitness, e.g., flexibility, cardiovascular endurance, and body composition).

  1. Review the elements of physical fitness.
  2. Define maximum volume of oxygen uptake (VO2 Max), respiratory rate, cardiac output, stroke volume, and heart rate, all concepts of cardiovascular endurance.
  3. Explore concepts related to flexibility, e.g., genetics, static vs. ballistic stretching, and joint variations.
  4. Explain the concepts related to muscular strength, e.g., isotonic, isometric, and isokinetic exercises, the overload principle, and the work/rest ratio.
  5. Explain the concepts related to muscular endurance, e.g., high repetitions with low resistance, sport specificity, and the work/rest ratio.
  6. Explain the concepts related to body composition, e.g., the difference between being overweight and obese, genetic influences, and various ways to measure body composition.

Objective 3
Explain training principles and how they impact physical fitness.

  1. Explain the principles of warm-up and cool-down as they relate to proper stretching, active vs. passive recovery, and injury prevention and rehabilitation.
  2. Explain methods and the importance of using heart rates to monitor the intensity of physical activities.
  3. Calculate individual target heart rate training zones by using the maximum heart rate formula or maximum heart rate reserve formula.
  4. Provide definitions for overload, progression, specificity, reversibility, frequency, duration, intensity, and rest and recovery.
  5. Compare aerobic and anaerobic activities, showing examples of each.
  6. Observe safety precautions in training, e.g., over-training, altitude, pollution, and temperature extremes.
  7. Develop weight training programs to build muscular strength, muscular endurance or a combination of the two.

Objective 4
Understand the relationship between proper nutrition and personal health and fitness.

  1. Explain the role of nutrition in overall health and fitness.
  2. Explain proper balance between food intake and energy expenditure.
  3. Compare the effects and/or dangers of weight loss and gain on body composition and personal health.
  4. Identify the benefits and dangers of various dietary supplements such as vitamins, minerals, herbs, power drinks, steroids, and performance-enhancing drugs.
  5. Identify strategies for developing a healthy self-concept and acceptance of one's body make-up.

Standard 3
Students will participate regularly in physical activity.

Objective 1
Assess personal health and fitness levels.

  1. Research family history for health-risk factors such as coronary heart disease, cancer, diabetes, cholesterol, and blood pressure.
  2. Assess known personal health risk factors considering age, gender, body composition, blood pressure, heart rate, cholesterol levels, and daily stress situations.
  3. Assess personal fitness status regarding activity participation, energy expenditure, elements of physical fitness, and nutritional practices.

Objective 2
Develop and implement a personal fitness plan.

  1. Pre-test to establish baseline fitness information for muscular strength and endurance, flexibility, body composition, heart rate, blood pressure, and cardiovascular endurance.
  2. Develop personal fitness goals based on the pre-testing results and use a post-test to show progress and improvement.
  3. List and evaluate activities that develop specific elements of physical fitness.
  4. Participate in a variety of individual and group activities appropriate for enhancing physical fitness both during and after school hours.
  5. Incorporate appropriate training principles including overload, progression, specificity, intervals, circuits, reversibility, maximum heart rate, target heart rate, perceived exertion, and rest and recovery.
  6. Calculate and monitor daily caloric intake and expenditure for weight management, and utilize an activity journal to track progress.

Standard 4
Students will achieve and maintain a health-enhancing level of physical fitness.

Objective 1
Participate in personally meaningful activities.

  1. Participate regularly in physical activities that contribute to the attainment and maintenance of personal fitness goals.
  2. Use results of post fitness assessments to guide changes in fitness plan.
  3. Analyze time, cost, and accessibility factors in determining activity participation in community settings.
  4. Recognize how physical activities impact a person's physical, emotional, social, and intellectual well-being.

Objective 2
Use a variety of technological resources to design, monitor, and adjust fitness programs.

  1. Use heart rate monitors or pulse sticks to monitor heart rates.
  2. Calculate body composition by using skin-fold calipers or electrical impedance analyzers.
  3. Calculate blood pressure using digital monitors.
  4. Use computer software to track progress in fitness programs and to perform a nutritional analysis.
  5. Access various websites to assist in developing, evaluating, and revising personal fitness programs.

Standard 5
Students will exhibit responsible personal and social behavior that respects self and others in physical activity settings.

Objective 1
Accept diversity of people in activity settings.

  1. Demonstrate acceptance of others regarding varying skills, abilities, limitations, and cultural backgrounds.
  2. Take an active role in helping others achieve success.
  3. Identify the effects of age, gender, race, ethnicity, physical makeup, and culture on physical activity preference and participation.

Objective 2
Make responsible choices in activity settings.

  1. Recognize the effects of environmental conditions like wind, temperature, humidity, and altitude on activity performance.
  2. Examine the effects of substance abuse on health and performance.
  3. Explore the consequences of eating disorders at either end of the spectrum.
  4. Identify appropriate risks and safety factors in the selection of fitness activities.
  5. Accept responsibility for personal choices.

Objective 3
Demonstrate personal responsibility and the ability to work with others in activity settings.

  1. Utilize time effectively to set personal goals, practice, and complete assigned tasks.
  2. Work independently and on task with a partner and in small or large group activities.
  3. Demonstrate maturity and self-control in conflict situations.
  4. Take a supportive role to encourage and positively influence peers in a variety of activity settings.
  5. Participate in academic service-learning activities available in the community.

Standard 6
Students will value physical activity for health, enjoyment, challenge, self-expression, and/or social interaction.

Objective 1
Understand that physical activity provides opportunities for enjoyment and social interaction.

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  1. Select competitive and recreational activities that bring personal satisfaction.
  2. Appreciate the aesthetic value of activity participation in a variety of settings.
  3. Recognize that physical activities offer a positive environment to meet and interact with people of varying interests and ability levels.
  4. Describe how the participation with others can positively influence the attainment of personal fitness goals.

Objective 2
Recognize that physical activity provides opportunities for personal challenge.

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  1. Explore a variety of personally challenging activities during and after school hours.
  2. Voluntarily participate in competitive and recreational activities.
  3. Utilize short- and long-term goals in activity selection.
  4. Define challenges and risk factors that change with the aging process.

Objective 3
Utilize physical activities to provide opportunities for self-expression.

  1. Choose activities that are personally rewarding.
  2. Utilize imagination, self-expression, and creativity in designing personal fitness plans.
  3. Bolster self-esteem through activity participation.
  4. Participate in programs and facilities in the community that foster activity choice and self-expression.

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