Seasons - Changing Day Length
Notice that earth's axis is tilted. When it appears on one side of the sun, the light is stronger in the northern hemisphere. Then when the earth rotates so that the opposite side faces the sun, the light is stronger in the southern hemisphere.
Your goal is to determine how earth's tilt is related to the difference in light strength.
- Masking tape
- Pen or pencil
- Bright flashlight or single bulb lamp
- Start by numbering the tape from one to twenty four. Leave space between each number so you can tear the tape apart.
- Place one piece of tape on each of the longitude lines
(going from north to south) which intersect with the latitude line that
goes through the
United Statesnear Utah.
- Have a friend hold the light back so it shines on most of the globe.
- The light represents the sun.
- Tilt the globe so the North Pole is facing the light. Each number represents a one-hour division on the earth. Slowly turn the globe and see how many of the numbers can be seen at the same time.
- Record your observations in your science journal.
- Now tilt the globe so the North Pole is facing away from the light. Slowly turn the globe and see how many numbers can be seen at the same time. Record your observations in your science journal.
- When are the most hours visible in the northern hemisphere:
- When the North Pole faces the sun or when the South Pole faces the sun?