||5 / Excellent
||4 / Very Good
||3 / Average
||2 / Needs Improvement
||1 / Unacceptable
||This paper is clear and focused. It holds the reader's attention. Relevant details and quotes enrich the central theme.
||This paper is mostly focused, and has some good details and quotes.
||The writer is beginning to define the topic, even though development is still basic or general.
||Topic is not well-defined and/or there are too many topics.
||As yet, the paper has no clear sense of purpose or central theme. To extract meaning from the text, the reader must make inferences based on sketchy or missing details.
||The organization enhances and showcases the central idea or theme. The order, structure of information is compelling and moves the reader through the text.
||Paper (and paragraphs) are mostly organized, in order, and makes sense to the reader.
||The organizational structure is strong enough to move the reader through the text without too much confusion.
||Sentences within paragraphs make sense, but the order of paragraphs does not.
||The writing lacks a clear sense of direction. Ideas, details, or events seem strung together in a loose or random fashion; there is no identifiable internal structure.
||The writing has an easy flow, rhythm, and cadence. Sentences are well built, with strong and varied structure that invites expressive oral reading.
||The writing mostly flows, and usually invites oral reading.
||The text hums along with a steady beat, but tends to be more businesslike than musical, more mechanical than fluid.
||The text seems choppy and is not easy to read orally.
||The reader has to practice quite a bit in order to give this paper a fair interpretive reading.
||The writer demonstrates a good grasp of standard writing conventions (e.g., spelling, punctuation, capitalization, grammar, usage, paragraphing) and uses conventions effectively to enhance readability.
||The write understands good writing conventions and usually uses them correctly. Paper is easily read and errors are rare; minor touch-ups would get this piece ready to publish.
||The writer shows reasonable control over a limited range of standard writing conventions. Conventions are sometimes handled well and enhance readability; at other times, errors are distracting and impair readability.
||The writer seems to have made little effort to use conventions: spelling, punctuation, capitalization, usage, grammar and/or paragraphing have multiple errors.
||Errors in spelling, punctuation, capitalization, usage, and grammar and/or paragraphing repeatedly distract the reader and make the text difficult to read.
||The form and presentation of the text enhances the ability for the reader to understand and connect with the message. It is pleasing to the eye.
||The format only has a few mistakes and is generally easy to read and pleasing to the eye.
||The writer's message is understandable in this format.
||The writer's message is only understandable occasionally, and paper is messily written.
||The reader receives a garbled message due to problems relating to the presentation of the text, and is not typed.