The Civil Rights Movement 1954 1956 1957 1960 1962 1963 1964
1965 1967 1968 1971 Other Civil Rights Activists Lesson Plans
Rights Era: Library of Congress
Learn about the Jim Crow South, the fight against racial discrimination
and segregation, and the search for justice of African American men and
Learn about the system of segregation used before the Civil Rights Movement
in the United States.
A place to find thought-provoking news, conversation and support for those who care about diversity, equal opportunity and respect for differences in schools.
Travel to historic places of the of the civil rights movement. Do you
know why the Moulin Rouge Hotel was significant in the history of civil
rights? How about the Elizabeth Harden Gilmore House in Charleston, West
U.S. Supreme Court outlaws
school segregation in Brown v. Board of Education overturning its
1896 decision in Plessy v. Ferguson.
v the Board of Education
Learn about the groundbreaking 1954 case that ruled that separate facilities
for blacks were not equal to those set aside for whites and that separation
of the races was harmful. The case involved the rights of black children
to attend a white public school.
Learn about Plessy v Ferguson which, in 1896, established the principle
of separate but equal. Plessy had been removed from an all-white railroad
car by authorities who said that the facilities for blacks on railroad
cars were of equal quality. The case went to court, and Plessy lost.
This case made it constitutional for states to enact laws stating that
separate facilities such as bathrooms, water fountains, schools, train
cars, etc. could be provided for blacks and whites.
U.S. Supreme Court bans segregated
seating on Montgomery, Alabama buses.
Parks: The Woman Who Changed a Nation
Get to know Rosa Parks. When she refused to give up her seat to a white
man on December 1, 1955 , her "act of courage began turning the
wheels of the civil rights movement."
The federal government uses the military to uphold
African Americans' civil rights, as soldiers escort nine African
American students to desegregate a school in Little Rock, Arkansas.
Rock Central High School
Visit Little Rock Central High School and learn about its tumultuous
efforts to desegregate in 1957. Find out what happened to the original
nine African American students who attended the school.
Four African American
students stage a sit-in at a “Whites Only” lunch counter
in Greensboro, North Carolina launching a wave of similar protests
across the South.
Here is the historically significant Woolworth's Five & Dime in Greensboro
, North Carolina where four African American students staged a sit-in
at a “Whites Only” lunch counter.
Travel to Greensboro , North Carolina and learn about the famous sit-in
that took place there. Four young men who came to be called the "Greensboro
Four" were refused service at a white-only lunch counter at a Woolworth
store. So they staged the first sit-in. These four college students became
heroes of the civil rights movement, and theirs was the first of many
Freedom Riders Seek to Integrate Southern Transportation
PBS Documentary: Freedom Riders
The documentary film, Freedom Riders, tells the powerful story of a courageous band of civil rights activists called "Freedom Riders" which took brave and decided actions to dismantle the structures of discrimination through nonviolence.
Utah's Freedom Riders
"It didn't just happen in the South, it happened here. Throughout the heart of the 20th century, Utahns of all colors carried out the fight for civil rights, whether they were travelling to the South, or taking up the cause at home. They were united by a common vision of inclusion for all." The half-hour PBS Utah production highlights the contributions many Utahns have made toward creating a more just and equitable society.
President Kennedy ordered
Federal Marshals to escort James Meredith, the first black student
to enroll at the University of Mississippi , to campus. A riot broke
out and before the National Guard could arrive to reinforce the marshals,
two students were killed.
Ole Miss: A Civil Rights Milestone
Explore the JFK Library's educational exhibit on the integration of the
University of Mississippi , featuring primary documents, teacher resources
and a in depth look into this Civil Rights milestone.
200,000 people march on Washington, D.C., in the largest civil
rights demonstration ever; Martin Luther King, Jr., gives his "I
Have a Dream" speech.
Have a Dream” Speech
Delivered by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. on the steps at the Lincoln
Memorial in Washington D.C. on August 28, 1963.
The Lincoln Memorial has been the location for many civil rights demonstrations,
including the 1963 March on Washington.
President Lyndon Johnson signs the
Civil Rights Act, which gives the federal government far-reaching
powers to prosecute discrimination in employment, voting, and education.
Rights Act of 1964
Read the Civil Rights Act of 1964 which secured for African Americans
the right to eat at any restaurant, rent a room in any hotel, ride in
any section of public transportation, be hired for any job whose qualifications
they met, or attend any school. In 1964, Congress passed the first of
several voting rights acts to enforce the rights of blacks to register
Martin Luther King, Jr. is awarded the Nobel
The Voting Rights Act is passed, outlawing
the practices used in the South to disenfranchise African American
Voting Rights Museum
The National Voting Rights Museum and Institute was created to honor
the courage of civil rights supporters who endured hatred and violence
and died to gain the right to vote for Black Americans.
becomes the first African American justice on the Supreme Court.
Luther King, Jr. assassinated in Memphis , Tennessee. His murder
sparks a week of rioting across the country.
Shirley Chisholm becomes the first African
American woman to be elected to Congress.
In addition to being the first African American Congresswoman, Shirley
Chisholm was the first to campaign for the presidency.
American members of Congress form the Congressional Black Caucus
to present a unified African American voice in Congress.
Although the Black Caucus was first formed in 1969, the group received
its first national recognition when its members met with former President
Richard Nixon in March of 1971. This web site provides historical and
current information about this group.
Houston: The Man Who Killed “Jim Crow”
Meet the man who fought relentlessly against Jim Crow. Houston, a legal
visionary and staunch supporter of integration, orchestrated a series
of important, yet little-known legal battles throughout the 1930s and
'40s that laid the groundwork for the landmark 1954 Supreme Court decision
Brown v. Board of Education, which legally ended segregation in the United
Meet Fanny Jackson Coppin. She was a former slave who became a teacher
and was tireless in her efforts to educate other freed slaves.
Ida B. Wells was born in Missouri , the
daughter of slaves, in 1862. Ms. Wells became a crusader for women's
rights and for the rights of African Americans. In the 1870s, she was
forcibly removed from her seat for refusing to move to a "colored
car" on the Chesapeake & Ohio Railroad. She helped lay the groundwork for the
organization now known as the NAACP.
Malcolm X was an activist who rejected the nonviolent civil-rights movement
and integration, and became a champion of African American separatism
and black pride.
Learn about Medgar Evers. He was a civil rights leader from Mississippi
who was shot and killed in the driveway of his home in June of 1963.
There were no consequences for his accused murderer after two mistrials,
and this led to many protests and disturbances in states throughout the
Time for Justice
Students will understand the protections and privileges of individuals
and groups in the United States.
Bill of Rights and the News
Students will examine current news stories and from them develop "BIG" questions
related to individual and group rights. They will then relate their questions
to the U.S. Constitution and supreme court decisions.
Dr. King's Dream
In this lesson from EDSITEment, students learn about the life and work of civil rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr. (Grades K-2)