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Students will research and discuss the Nuremberg Laws and their effect on the Jews during the Third Reich.
To understand the concept of citizenship.
To examine the structure of laws and how they affect a person's life.
See preface material from 'Anne Frank in the World, 1929 - 1945 Teacher Workbook.'
As part of the introduction, ask students the following questions:
Have students draw a circle, divided into six or eight sections. In the center should be the student's name. Each section should then be filled in with a different area of importance to the student. Examples are: my pet, hiking, girl or boy scouts, my church or synagogue, school and, my best friend. After the students have completed their circle, discuss which areas would have been denied to them because of who they were. The Nuremberg Laws resulted in the eventual loss of identity of each victim by systematic denial.
Jew's could not own pets or bicycles. They also had a strict curfew to obey. Nazi Youth was the only youth organization allowed. Synagogues were destroyed during Kristallnacht and finally many friendships between Jews and non-Jews were torn apart (often from fear of being associated with Jews). Friendships were also destroyed between those Christians who supported and did not support the Nazi regime. Reference the Nuremberg Law's for more restrictions. The Nuremberg laws were passed on September 15, 1935. Nazi Germany instituted a series of laws designed to make freedom increasingly difficult for the Jews and to restrict their freedom. Excerpts follow:
'Reich Citizenship Law: A Reich citizen is a subject of the state who is German or related blood, who proves by his conduct that he is willing and fit to serve the German people and Reich. A Reich citizen is the sole bearer of all political rights.'
Law for the Protection of German Blood and Honor (9-15-35)
Moved by the understanding that purity of the German Blood is the essential condition for the continued existence of the German people:
Ask students to list ten things they personally enjoy doing in their daily lives. Have students pick five things they could give up if they had to.
Read the June 26, 1942 excerpt from 'The Diary of Anne Frank.'
Have students make a list of 12-15 specific restrictions on Jews.
In Anne's diary, she quotes Jopie. 'You're scared to do anything, because it may be forbidden.'
Nazi Germany continued to pass laws that discriminated against Jews.
In addition to the above laws, in 1939, Jews were ordered to turn in their radio sets. They were forbidden to leave their homes except for a few hours each day. Jews were forced to deposit all their money in banks, then forbidden to take their money out. The money was confiscated by the Nazis. Telephones were taken away. By 1942, Jews could not have pets, could not attend school of any kind, and had to give up extra clothing.
First Regulation to the Reich Citizenship Law (11-14-35)
Second Regulation for the Implementation of the Law Regarding the Changing of Family Names and Given Names (8-17-38)
Insofar as Jews have given names other than those to which they are permitted to bear they are required to take an additional given name: males will take the given name Israel, females the given name Sara.
There was a separate list of names that Jews were required to use.