English Language Arts Kindergarten
Reading: Foundational Skills Standard 2 d.
5 class periods of 15 minutes each
This activity introduces the concept of segmentation and blending words.
Segmentation is being able to hear a word and then say the individual sounds in the word. (man-m-a-n)
Blending is taking the sounds and blending them together to make a word. (mmm-aaaa-nnnn -- man)
Students should be able to identify beginning, middle and ending sounds.
Students will be able to hear a word and segment it. They will be able to hear or say the sounds and blend it into a word.
These activities should be done in a small group if possible.
Tom - /t/ /o/ /m/
Mary /m/ /air/ /e/
Try not to use r-controlled vowels if possible.
The students should then say "bat".
Tell the students that you are going to say the sounds in a word, and they are going to see who can say the word first. If one or two children continually say the word, then specifically name a child to do a word or go around the table.
Say the word and have the children say the sounds or segment the word.
Pass out the game markers and have the students move a marker into the first box as they make the first sound. Next, they should move the second game marker into the second box as they make the second sound, etc.
("Fish" would have f-i-sh or three sounds.)
The teacher will observe the students' responses in small group instruction.
The final activity provides the teacher with a sample of the children demonstrating their knowledge of segmentation.