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CTE/Skilled & Technical Sciences Education Curriculum Television Broadcasting 1
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Core Standards of the Course

Strand 1
Students will be able to understand and demonstrate knowledge of the correct operation of the camera.

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Standard 1
Identify the basic functions of the main parts of a camera, including:

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  1. Image Sensor
  2. Lens
  3. Body
  4. Viewfinder

Standard 2
Demonstrate understanding of basic camera operations, including:

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  1. Focus
  2. White balance, both indoors and outdoors
  3. Basic exposure involving the iris/aperture and shutter speed
  4. Recording settings
    • Format
    • Current camera resolutions (720, 1080, 4K, etc.)
    • Appropriate frame rates and their uses

Standard 3
Demonstrate proper use of camera supports, including:

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  1. Tripod
  2. Monopod
  3. Reducing camera shake when handheld

Standard 4
Identify and demonstrate effective shot composition (Framing), including:

  1. Rule of thirds
  2. The difference between nose room and lead room
  3. Head room
  4. Two shot

Standard 5
Identify and demonstrate effective use of various shot types, including:

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  1. Wide or long (LS)
  2. Medium (MS)
  3. Close up (CU)

Standard 6
Identify and demonstrate effective use of various camera angles, including:

  1. High angle
  2. Eye level
  3. Low angle

Standard 7
Identify and demonstrate effective use of various camera movements, including:

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  1. Pan
  2. Truck
  3. Tilt
  4. Pedestal
  5. Zoom
  6. Dolly
  7. Arc

Performance Skill
Understand and demonstrate knowledge of the correct operation of the camera.

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  1. Identify the basic functions of the main parts of a camera.
  2. Demonstrate understanding of basic camera operations.
  3. Demonstrate proper use of camera supports.
  4. Identify and demonstrate effective shot composition (Framing).
  5. Identify and demonstrate effective use of various shot types.
  6. Identify and demonstrate effective use of various camera angles.
  7. Identify and demonstrate effective use of various camera movements.

Strand 2
Students will be able to understand and demonstrate knowledge of audio systems and how they are used.

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Standard 1
Identify various types of microphones and filters and demonstrate appropriate use of each:

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  1. Microphone types
    • Lavaliere
    • Handheld
    • Shotgun/Boom
  2. Filters
    • Pop
    • Wind screen

Standard 2
Demonstrate effective editing of audio recordings.

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  1. Identify and set appropriate audio levels for different audio types.
    • Dialogue
    • Sound effects
    • Music
    • Clipping
  2. Understand and demonstrate effective use of voice overs and narration.
  3. Understand and demonstrate effective use of ambient sound.

Performance Skill
Understand and demonstrate knowledge of audio systems and how they are used.

  1. Identify various types of microphones and filters and demonstrate appropriate use of each.
  2. Demonstrate effective editing of audio recordings.

Strand 3
Students will be able to understand and demonstrate knowledge of lighting systems and how they are used.

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Standard 1
Demonstrate understanding of a three-point lighting system and its components.

  1. Key (Spot)
  2. Back or Halo (Spot)
  3. Fill (Flood)

Standard 2
Identify and demonstrate effective use of lighting instruments and accessories, including:

  1. Direct light
  2. Diffused light
  3. Barn doors
  4. Reflectors
  5. Diffusers (softbox, umbrella, etc.)
  6. Gels

Standard 3
Setup and use lighting appropriately for various situations, including:

  1. Chroma key
  2. Background

Perfomance Skill
Understand and demonstrate knowledge of lighting systems and how they are used.

  1. Demonstrate understanding of a three-point lighting system and its components.
  2. Identify and demonstrate effective use of lighting instruments and accessories.
  3. Setup and use lighting appropriately for various situations.

Strand 4
Students will be able to understand and demonstrate knowledge of broadcast production equipment and components

Standard 1
Demonstrate basic use of a live production switcher and identify its components.

  1. Preview Row (Bus)
  2. Program Row (Bus)
  3. Key Row (Bus)
  4. Mix/Effects (M/E)
  5. Fader Bar

Standard 2
Demonstrate basic use of an audio mixer (soundboard).

  1. Mic/line Inputs
  2. Mic/line faders
  3. Pan
  4. Master Fader
  5. VU Meter

Standard 3
Demonstrate proper use of a teleprompter.

Standard 4
Identify various cord/cable connectors.

  1. BNC
  2. HDMI
  3. Mini (1/8) jack
    • Stereo/Mono
  4. 1/4 jack
    • Stereo/Mono
  5. RCA
  6. USB
  7. XLR

Perfomance Skill
Understand and demonstrate knowledge of broadcast production equipment and components.

  1. Demonstrate basic use of a live production switcher and identify its components.
  2. Demonstrate basic use of an audio mixer (soundboard).
  3. Demonstrate proper use of a teleprompter.
  4. Identify various cord/cable connectors.

Strand 5
Students will be able to understand and demonstrate knowledge of control room and studio personnel.

Standard 1
Understand various control room crew responsibilities.

  1. Producer
  2. Director
  3. Technical director
  4. Audio engineer
  5. Video playback
  6. Graphics
  7. Teleprompter

Standard 2
Understand various studio crew responsibilities.

  1. Floor Director
  2. Camera Operator
  3. Talent

Strand 6
Students will be able to understand and demonstrate knowledge of pre-production.

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Standard 1
Understand the purpose of and participate in pre-production meetings.

Standard 2
Use effective communication skills when planning a production, including:

  1. Purpose
  2. Audience

Standard 3
Understand and demonstrate principles of effective storyboarding.

Standard 4
Understand and demonstrate principles of effective script writing.

Standard 5
Understand and use a rundown for broadcast productions.

  1. Blocks/timeline
  2. Shot list (camera number, position, shot type)
  3. Bumper and teasers

Standard 6
Understand studio preparation.

Perfomance Skill
Understand and demonstrate knowledge of pre-production. Insert performance objective text.

  1. Understand and demonstrate principles of effective storyboarding.
  2. Understand and demonstrate principles of effective script writing.
  3. Understand and use a rundown for broadcast productions.

Strand 7
Students will be able to demonstrate knowledge of news gathering.

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Standard 1
Understand the difference between hard and soft news.

Standard 2
Understand and demonstrate effective interview techniques, including:

  1. Street interview
  2. Sit-down interview

Standard 3
Develop effective new stories that include:

  1. Interviews
  2. Narration
  3. B-roll
  4. Lead-in/out

Strand 8
Students will be able to understand and demonstrate knowledge of post-production.

Standard 1
Demonstrate appropriate file management and archiving processes.

  1. Transferring
  2. Organizing
  3. Naming

Standard 2
Demonstrate effective editing workflows.

  1. Preview media
    • Trim
  2. Rough cut
    • Cuts
    • Transitions
  3. Tighten sequence
  4. Filters/effects
    • Graphics
    • Keyframe animation
    • Export

Standard 3
Understand and demonstrate effective output of media.

  1. Understand and use appropriate settings for desired output (i.e., web, mobile, movie screen, TV, etc.)
    • Codecs (h.264, ProRes, XAVC, etc.)
    • Containers (.MP4, .MOV, etc.)
    • Resolutions (720, 1080, 4K, etc.)
    • Frame per second

Perfomance Skill
Understand and demonstrate knowledge of post-production.

  1. Demonstrate appropriate file management and archiving processes.
  2. Demonstrate effective editing workflows.
  3. Understand and demonstrate effective output of media.

Strand 9
Students will be able to understand and demonstrate knowledge of visual effects and graphics.

Standard 1
Understand and demonstrate effective use of various visual effects, including:

  1. Chroma key
  2. Over-the-shoulder box
  3. Virtual Studio
  4. Transitions

Standard 2
Understand and demonstrate effective use of graphics, including:

  1. Lower Third
  2. Text
  3. Font styles
  4. Colors
  5. Title safe area
  6. Computer‐generated design
  7. Still Images

Perfomance Skill
Understand and demonstrate knowledge of visual effects and graphics.

  1. Understand and demonstrate effective use of various visual effects.
  2. Understand and demonstrate effective use of graphics.

Strand 10
Students will be able to understand and practice copyright laws, ethics and legal issues as identified in United States Code Title 17 Chapter 1 Section 101.

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Standard 1
Define copyright, public domain, fair use, creative commons, and ethics.

Standard 2
Practice ethics and rules governing photojournalism.

  1. Fair use
  2. Time limitations
  3. Copying and distribution limitations

Strand 11
Students will be able to understand the history of television broadcasting.

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Standard 1
Understand various principles concerning the progression of television broadcasting.

  1. NTSC vs ATSC
  2. Interlaced vs Progressive
  3. Aspect ratios (4:3 vs 16:9)
  4. Resolutions (Standard 480 vs HD 720 to 4K)
  5. Analog vs Digital

Strand 12
Students will understand the importance of career readiness skills as it relates to the workplace and outlined in the SkillsUSA Framework Level 1.

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Standard 1
Understand and demonstrate the attitude of cooperation.

  1. Develop awareness of cultural diversity and equality issues.
  2. Demonstrate effective communication with others.
  3. Apply team skills to a group project.
  4. Identify and apply conflict resolution skills.

Standard 2
Understand and demonstrate the ability of being resourceful and innovative

  1. Discover self-motivation techniques and establish short-term goals.
  2. Measure/modify short-term goals.
  3. Review a professional journal and develop a three- to five-minute presentation.

Standard 3
Plan for your future career.

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  1. Complete a self-assessment and identify individual learning styles.
  2. Define future occupations.
  3. Identify the components of an employment portfolio.
  4. List proficiency in program competencies.
  5. Complete a survey for employment opportunities.
  6. Create a job application.
  7. Assemble your employment portfolio.
  8. Employability skills: evaluate program comprehension.

Standard 4
Understand and demonstrate the ability to manage a project.

  1. Apply team skills to a group project.
  2. Observe and critique a meeting
  3. Demonstrate business meeting skills.
  4. Explore supervisory and management roles in an organization
  5. Identify and apply conflict resolution skills.
  6. Demonstrate evaluation skills.
  7. Manage a project and evaluate others.


UEN logo http://www.uen.org - in partnership with Utah State Board of Education (USBE) and Utah System of Higher Education (USHE).  Send questions or comments to USBE Specialist - A Bodell and see the CTE/Skilled & Technical Sciences Education website. For general questions about Utah's Core Standards contact the Director - THALEA LONGHURST .

These materials have been produced by and for the teachers of the State of Utah. Copies of these materials may be freely reproduced for teacher and classroom use. When distributing these materials, credit should be given to Utah State Board of Education. These materials may not be published, in whole or part, or in any other format, without the written permission of the Utah State Board of Education, 250 East 500 South, PO Box 144200, Salt Lake City, Utah 84114-4200.