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CTE/Agricultural, Food & Natural Resources Curriculum Floriculture & Greenhouse Management
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Core Standards of the Course

Strand 1
Student will participate in personal and leadership development activities through the FFA.

Standard 1
Student will use communication skills to effectively communicate with others.

  1. Understand when it is appropriate to listen and to speak.
  2. Understand and follow verbal and written instructions for classroom and laboratory activities.
  3. Will practice communication skills through public speaking using one or more of the following activities: memorized speech, prepared speech, extemporaneous speech, parliamentary practice, group presentation, or serving in a leadership capacity.

Standard 2
Student will effectively use teamwork to respectfully work with others.

  1. Identify and understand different roles in working with a team.
  2. Lead a group discussion or serve in a leadership capacity.

Standard 3
Student will use critical thinking and problem-solving skills.

  1. Analyze the cause of the problem.
  2. Develop a solution to address the problem.
  3. Implement the plan.
  4. Evaluate the effectiveness of the plan.

Standard 4
Student will be dependable, reliable, steady, trustworthy, and consistent in performance and behavior.

  1. Set and meet goals on attendance and punctuality.
  2. Prioritize, plan, and manage work to complete assignments and projects on time.

Standard 5
Student will be accountable for results.

  1. Use an achievement chart for activities and behaviors in class that encourages a personal evaluation of classroom performance.
  2. Use reflection to describe what was learned, what went well, what could have been improved, and what are the implications to the learning process.
  3. Track and communicate progress toward completion of assignments and projects.

Standard 6
Be familiar with the legal requirements and expectations of the course.

  1. Be familiar with the course disclosure statement and all requirements for successful completion of the course.
  2. Demonstrate workplace ethics, e.g., fair, honest, disciplined.

Performance Skills
Student will practice communication skills through public speaking using one or more of the following activities: memorized speech, prepared speech, extemporaneous speech, parliamentary practice, group presentation, or serving in a leadership capacity.

Strand 2
Student will participate in work-based learning activities through the Supervised Agricultural Experience (SAE) Program.

Standard 1
Student will demonstrate employability skills.

  1. Use a career search network to find career choices.
  2. Identify appropriate CTE Pathway for selected career choice.
  3. Prepare for entry into the work force by completing one of the following: list of required skills needed for a career choice, a resume including a list of demonstrated skills, a cover letter or letter of application, a job application, or participate in an actual or simulated job interview.

Standard 2
Student will participate in a work-based learning experience outside the classroom.

  1. Student will plan and implement a Supervised Agricultural Experience Program:
    • Foundational SAE: Career exploration and planning, employability skills for college and career readiness, personal financial management and planning, workplace safety, and agricultural literacy.
    • Immersion SAE: Ownership/entrepreneurship, placement/internship, research, school-based enterprise, and/or service-learning experiences.

Standard 3
Student will develop a job portfolio specific to their selected SAE/WBL experience.

  1. Student will keep a personal record/journal/log of their SAE/WBL experience; including pictures, financial records or log of their hours, skills learned, goals, reflection, etc.

Performance Skills
Student will keep a personal record/journal/log of their SAE/WBL experience; including pictures, financial records or log of their hours, skills learned, goals, reflection, etc.

Strand 3
Students will demonstrate floral design techniques.

Standard 1
Identify common plant materials used in floral design.

  1. Identify common cut flowers used in floral design.
  2. Identify common foliage used in floral design.
  3. Identify common live plants used in floral design.

Standard 2
Care for fresh flowers and foliage.

  1. Explain the basic care requirements of cut flowers (e.g., water, light, temperature).
  2. Describe the causes of deterioration and death of flowers (e.g., ethylene gas).
  3. Describe the steps of effective conditioning of flowers and foliage.
  4. Explain the importance of using floral preservatives.

Standard 3
Identify floral design tools and supplies.

  1. Identify common tools used in floral design.
  2. Recognize and describe floral design supplies.

Standard 4
Explain the principles and elements of floral design.

  1. Discuss the history and influence of different styles of design on the floriculture industry.
  2. Analyze the principles of floral design.
  3. Examine the concept of proportion and scale.
  4. Explain how the concept of balance is applied to floral design.
  5. Describe how rhythm is applied in floral work.
  6. Explain how the principles of dominance and focal point are used in floral design.
  7. Describe the major flower forms used in floral design.
  8. Explain how space and depth enhance floral design.
  9. Assess the importance of texture in floral design.
  10. Evaluate the influences of color on floral work.
  11. Explain basic geometric designs.

Standard 5
Design floral arrangements using the principles and elements of design using at least four of the following indicators.

  1. Design corsages and boutonnieres.
  2. Design bud vase arrangements.
  3. Design vase arrangements.
  4. Design centerpieces.
  5. Design holiday arrangements.
  6. Design wedding pieces.
  7. Design sympathy arrangements.
  8. Design color bowls and hanging baskets.
  9. Design arrangements using everlasting flowers.
  10. Prepare a potted plant with foil.
  11. Create bows and/or accessories appropriate for the design.

Performance Skills

  1. Student will design and make corsages and boutonnieres.
  2. Student will design and make four of the following floral arrangements; bud vase, center piece, holiday arrangement, wedding arrangement, sympathy arrangement, color bowl, or hanging basket using the principles and elements of design.

Strand 4
Students will demonstrate greenhouse crop production techniques.

Standard 1
Describe greenhouse structures.

  1. Differentiate greenhouse designs.
  2. Review considerations for greenhouse frameworks.
  3. Identify and describe greenhouse glazing materials.
  4. Describe the functions of the headhouse.
  5. Describe greenhouse bench options.
  6. Identify and operate supplemental lighting systems.

Standard 2
Explain greenhouse climate control.

  1. Describe methods of heating greenhouse structures.
  2. Contrast major greenhouse cooling and ventilation systems.
  3. Discuss how energy curtains are used to maintain greenhouse temperatures.
  4. Analyze greenhouse climate controls.

Standard 3
Describe automated greenhouse systems.

  1. Assess automated planting systems.
  2. Identify automated systems for moving plants in the greenhouse.
  3. Compare automated watering systems.

Standard 4
Examine the components and properties of growing media.

  1. Describe the components of growing media.
  2. Describe the functions of growing media.
  3. Determine desirable properties of growing media
  4. Evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of soilless media.

Standard 5
Investigate chemical characteristics of growing media.

  1. Demonstrate proper techniques for sampling growing media.
  2. Test and interpret the pH level of various growing media.

Standard 6
Supply nutrients to greenhouse crops.

  1. Explain plant nutrition.
  2. Describe pH and how it is modified.
  3. Describe the components of a fertilizer.
  4. Explain the methods of applying fertilizers to horticulture crops.

Standard 7
Explain the effects of light, temperature, and water on plant growth.

  1. Examine the effect of light on greenhouse crops.
  2. Describe the influence of temperature on greenhouse crops.
  3. Explain how watering practices influence greenhouse crop production.
  4. Explain the effect of oxygen and carbon dioxide on photosynthesis and plant growth.

Standard 8
Identify and explain the functions of plant growth regulators.

  1. Compare the functions of plant hormones.
  2. Examine commercial uses for plant growth regulators.

Standard 9
Propagate floriculture and greenhouse crops.

  1. Compare and contrast sexual and asexual reproduction.
  2. Explain pollination, cross-pollination, and self-pollination of flowering plants.
  3. Diagram the process of plant fertilization.
  4. Describe the process of seed germination.
  5. Explain the conditions required for seed germination.
  6. Explain the importance of seed viability and vigor.
  7. Demonstrate techniques for sowing seed.
  8. Describe optimal conditions for asexual propagation.
  9. Demonstrate techniques used to propagate plants by cuttings, division, separation, and layering.
  10. Transplant greenhouse plant materials.
  11. Compare and contrast annual, biennial, and perennial plants.
  12. Compare and contrast plants that are either monocots or dicots.

Standard 10
Grow greenhouse crops.

  1. Plan a growing schedule to maximize the production of the greenhouse facility.
  2. Explain the importance of proper spacing of greenhouse crops and recommended spacing practices.
  3. Select the appropriate container and medium for a greenhouse crop.
  4. Explain the purposes for pinching greenhouse crops and the techniques used.
  5. Describe disbudding procedures.
  6. Demonstrate proper watering techniques.
  7. Demonstrate production of potted flowering crops.
  8. Demonstrate production of bulb crops.
  9. Demonstrate production of bedding plants.
  10. Demonstrate production of foliage plants.

Standard 11
Discuss pest management techniques.

  1. Identify categories of pests (e.g., weeds, insects, fungi, etc.).
  2. Explain best management practices while maintaining environmental integrity.
  3. Discuss alternative pest control techniques.
  4. Demonstrate safe practices in selecting, applying, storing, and disposing of chemicals.
  5. Explain integrated pest management (IPM).

Performance Skills

  1. Propagate plants using both seed and cuttings.
  2. Perform typical plant maintenance including, transplanting, watering, pinching, and disbudding.
  3. Develop a growing schedule to maximize the production of a greenhouse facility.
  4. Student will prepare greenhouse plants for sale.

Strand 5
Students will explain floriculture and greenhouse business concepts.

Standard 1
Price floral design work and greenhouse crops.

  1. Calculate the costs for floral arrangements and greenhouse crops.
  2. Assess typical pricing strategies.
  3. Calculate mark-up.

Standard 2
Prepare floriculture work and greenhouse crops for sale.

  1. Clean plants and containers.
  2. Decorate plants and containers.
  3. Attach price tags and care instructions.

Standard 3
Explain the basics of marketing in the floriculture and greenhouse industry.

  1. Display floriculture materials and greenhouse crops for sale.
  2. Recognize ways of maintaining and increasing the effectiveness of horticultural business displays.
  3. Recognize how advertising is used.
  4. Complete sales tickets.
  5. Use proper telephone techniques.
  6. Describe effective packaging and delivery.
  7. Describe the impact of the international flower market on the floriculture industry.

Standard 4
Describe floriculture business management.

  1. Differentiate the types of floriculture and greenhouse businesses.
  2. Recognize costs related to production.
  3. Analyze the importance of marketing, promotion, and sales.

Performance Skills

  1. Student will calculate the cost of floral arrangements and greenhouse crops.
  2. Student will calculate mark-up.
  3. Student will prepare floriculture/greenhouse crops for sale.

UEN logo - in partnership with Utah State Board of Education (USBE) and Utah System of Higher Education (USHE).  Send questions or comments to USBE Specialist - WILLIAM  DEIMLER and see the CTE/Agricultural, Food & Natural Resources website. For general questions about Utah's Core Standards contact the Director - THALEA  LONGHURST.

These materials have been produced by and for the teachers of the State of Utah. Copies of these materials may be freely reproduced for teacher and classroom use. When distributing these materials, credit should be given to Utah State Board of Education. These materials may not be published, in whole or part, or in any other format, without the written permission of the Utah State Board of Education, 250 East 500 South, PO Box 144200, Salt Lake City, Utah 84114-4200.