- Neutral - black, white, tan, brown
- Accented neutral - mostly neutral with just a touch of color
- Monochromatic - tints, shades and tones of one color
- Triadic - three colors evenly spaces on the wheel
- Analogous - 2-4 colors next to each other on the wheel
- Complementary - two colors opposite on the color wheel
- Tactile - How it feels
- Visual - How it looks
- Audible - How it sounds
- Naturalistic - realistic, appears as it would naturally.
- Conventional/stylized - can recognize the object but is not realistic in appearance.
- Geometric - based on lines and geometric shapes.
- Abstract - separate from anything recognizable in the real world.
Demonstrate knowledge of the principles (rules) of design.
Proportion/Scale -the relationship between the size of parts or objects in a design.
- Formal/symmetrical - the two sides of the design are mirror image.
- Informal/asymmetrical - one side of the design does not reflect the other.
Emphasis: focal point
- Gradation - gradual change in size orcolor.
- Opposition - direct contrast created by perpendicular lines, black and white or complementary colors placed next to each other.
- Radiation - lines extending from a central point.
- Repetition - line, color or pattern repeated.
- Transition - curved lines that lead from one area of a design to another.
Harmony: a relationship in which unity and variety exist together.
Identify related careers.
Fashion Designer - The art of applying design, aesthetics and natural beauty to clothing and its accessories.
Illustrator - a person who creates images of clothes for magazines, books, advertising, social media, etc.
Create a color wheel identifying primary, secondary, and tertiary/intermediate colors, the warm and cool colors, and tints and shades.
Create a fashion project or professional presentation incorporating the principles and elements of design; explain in writing, (design, portfolio, power point, display, etc.).
Students will examine the use of textiles in fashion and associated careers.
Identify the basic fibers and characteristics of manufactured and natural textiles. Recognize that fiber content establishes many of the characteristics of a specific fabric.
Identify natural fibers (e.g., cotton, linen, silk, wool) and their characteristics.
- General characteristics: come from plants and animals, moisture absorbent.
- Cotton: plant source
- Pros -absorbent, comfortable, durable, easy to launder, stronger wet than dry.
- Cons -wrinkles, shrinks mildew.
- Linen: plant source. (flax)
- Pros -absorbent, natural luster, quick drying.
- Cons -wrinkles, frays, little stretch, mildew.
- Silk: animal source. (silkworm cocoon)
- Pros -absorbent, natural luster, insulating, strong, resilient.
- Cons -degrades and yellows from age and sunlight weaker wet than dry, water marks.
- Wool: animal source (fur).
- Pros -absorbent, strong, elastic, flame resistant, wrinkle resistant.
- Cons -shrinks when laundered improperly, bleaches with sunlight, damaged by moths.
Identify manufactured fibers (e.g., nylon, polyester, bamboo, rayon, spandex, and their characteristics).
General characteristics: made from chemical processes (some made from natural elements mixed with chemicals while others are made completely from non-natural substances)
- Nylon: Chemical source.
- Pros -strong, water repellent, colorfast, abrasion resistant.
- Cons -frays easily, heat sensitive, non-recyclable.
- Polyester: Chemical source.
- Pros-good shape retention, easy to launder, wrinkle resistant, colorfast, blends well with other fibers.
- Cons -retains oily stains, pills, builds static.
- Rayon: Cellulose source.
- Pros-soft and comfortable, drapes well, blends well with other fibers, dyes well.
- Cons-shrinks, poor shape retention, wrinkles. Dry clean only.
- Spandex: Chemical source.
- Pros -very elastic, adds stretch when blended with other fibers, resistant to oils and outdoor elements. (sun, sea and sand)
- Cons -shrinks, damaged by heat, can be difficult to sew.
- Bamboo: Cellulose source.
- Pros -soft, strong, water absorbent, renewable.
- Cons -wrinkles, takes longer to dry and yellow with time.
Identify advantages of blended fibers used in fabrics (i.e. they combine thebest characteristics of two or more fibers).
Examine the construction of fabric.
Identify the characteristics of woven, knit (looping yarns), and non-woven fabrics.
- Woven: warp and weft yarns are interlaced at a 90-degree angle, no to limited elasticity.
- Knit: made by looping yarns together, medium to high elasticity.
- Non-woven: fibers are pressed together with heat, moisture, pressure.
i.e. batting, felt, or some interfacing.
Classify dye processes.
- Fiber - Dyed before spun into yarn.
- Yarn - Dyed before constructed into fabric.
- Fabric/Piece - Dyed after fabric construction.
- Garment - Dyed after sewing construction.
- Printing - Apply color to the surface.
Identify textile production related careers.
Textile Designer - create design for woven, knitted or printed fabrics.
Textile Chemist - research and development of fibers, yarns and dyeing through sustainable processes.
Create a fabric reference guide consisting of natural/manufactured fibers and woven/knit fabrics.
Students will identify consumer strategies in the fashion industry and associated careers.
Identify consumer influences.
Cultural and social - ethnicity, religion, values, conformity, peer pressure, and individuality.
Economic conditions - affordability, availability, lifestyle, and political climate.
Media and advertising - commercials, movies, TV, magazines, social media, and celebrities.
Technology - new developments, research, and environmental impact.
Identify various types of retail options.
Chain Store - a group of stores owned, managed, and controlled by a central office. Examples: Gap, Forever 21, American Eagle.
Department Store - retail stores that offer large varieties of many types of merchandise place in appropriate departments. Examples: Macy's, Dillard's, JCPenney.
Specialty Store - stores that sell a specific type or limited line of goods. Examples: Victoria's Secret, Claire's, Foot Locker.
Discount Store - stores that sell mass market merchandise in large, simple buildings with low overhead. Examples: Target, Kohl's, Wal-Mart.
Manufacturer-owned Store - stores that carry merchandise made specifically for that label or brand. Examples: Nike, Ralph Lauren, Lululemon.
Outlet Store - Manufacturer-owned discount stores which sell seconds and over-runs.
E-commerce - online purchasing alternative options for brick and mortar.
Identify consumer skills.
Judging quality (basic construction, seams, matching plaid, attachment of fasteners)
Cost per wear (price of garment/number of times worn).
Smart shopping (sales, comparison shop, coupons, membership clubs, calculating discounts).
Labels (required by law: fiber content, garment care, international care symbols, manufacturer number, country oforigin).
Hang tags (optional: brand name, advertising, logo, etc.)
Identify related careers.
Buyer - purchase lines of clothing, shoes and fashion accessories to be sold at retail stores.
Retail sales - assist the customer in a brick and mortar store to facilitate their purchase.
Manufacturing sales representative - sell wholesale or manufactured goods to buyers.
Marketing - oversee branding and advertising of a company's products.
Students will demonstrate consumer math by calculating cost per wear and percentage discounts off retail price. Student will judge value of a clothing item by comparing quality to cost.
Students will evaluate personal fashion characteristics and associated careers.
Aspects of personal appearance.
Personal styles -
- Yin - curved lines, rounded shapes, smaller scale, bows and ruffles
- Yang - straight lines, angular shapes, larger scale, buttons and pleats
- Hourglass - Wide top, narrow middle, wide bottom.
- Rectangular - similar top, middle, wide bottom.
- Triangle - Wide to, narrow bottom.
- Inverted triangle - Narrow top, wide bottom.
Personal coloring (warm and cool)
Identify and analyze wardrobe needs for a personal lifestyle.
Basic pieces - Classic, well-constructed, cost per wear, neutral + a favorite color. (i.e. Long sleeve T-shirt, Short sleeve T-shirt, Tank top, Collared shirt, Light weight cardigan, Little black dress, Jeans, and Dress pants)
Trendy - items that are currently in style based on design details and elements of design.
Identify related careers.
Fashion Stylist - Selects clothes and accessories for magazine spreads and celebrities.
Fashion Consultant - Advises individuals on their personal fashion choices, includes personal shopping, closet audits, beauty and style consultations.
Create a visual representation of a personal wardrobe using eight basic and six trendy pieces. Accessorize based on personal taste. Write a description that explains how this collection expresses your personal fashion characteristics.
Students will develop professional and interpersonal skills needed for success in the fashion industry.
Determine the difference between hard skills and soft skills.
- Hard Skills: Hard skills are specific, teachable abilities that can be defined and measured
- Soft Skills: Personal attributes that enable someone to interact effectively and harmoniously with other people.
Identify soft skills needed in the workplace
- Respect Legal requirements/expectations
- Good communication skills
- Resourcefulness & creativity
- Work Ethic
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