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CTE/Health Science Curriculum Exploring Health Science
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arrow icon Course Introduction


Core Standards of the Course

Strand 1
Demonstrate a well-rounded understanding of healthcare professions.

Standard 1
Compare and contrast health science career cluster pathways:

  1. Diagnostic Services
  2. Therapeutic Services
  3. Health Informatics
  4. Support Services
  5. Biotechnology Research and Development Services

Standard 2
Identify types of training levels, education, and credentials related to healthcare.

  1. Training levels
    • On-the-job training
    • Technical colleges
    • University studies
  2. Degrees
    • Associate
    • Bachelor
    • Master
    • Doctorate
  3. Certification vs. Licensing
    • Certification: provided by a private organization for the individual who has successfully met all the requirements and demonstrated their ability to perform their profession competently.
    • License: state grant of legal authority to practice a profession within a defined scope of practice.

Standard 3
Explore a career of interest.

  1. Use a career aptitude assessment tool for middle school students to identify student area of interest and aptitude. Options to consider using:
  2. Research the educational/training requirements for a specific career of interest.

Performance Skills
included – see below.

Strand 2
Demonstrate an understanding of the importance of legal and ethical behavior related to healthcare.

Standard 1
Identify responsibilities in maintaining ethical standards, confidentiality, and the patient’s rights.

  1. HIPAA law
    • Recognize what the acronym stands represents.
    • Confidentiality rules for healthcare providers.
  2. Patient Care Partnership concepts – American Hospital Association document

Standard 2
Identify and define terms related to the legal and ethical aspects of the healthcare industry.

  1. Malpractice/negligence
  2. Consent
  3. Invasion of privacy
  4. Quackery
  5. Hippocratic Oath
  6. Cultural competency
  7. Integrity

Standard 3
Compare and contrast sympathy and empathy.

Strand 3
Demonstrate professional behaviors in the healthcare setting.

Standard 1
Demonstrate interpersonal communication skills.

  1. Active listening
  2. Verbal
  3. Non-verbal
  4. Written

Standard 2
Demonstrate other professional behaviors.

  1. Professional dress
  2. Punctuality
  3. Integrity
  4. Positive attitude
  5. Confidentiality
  6. Cleanliness/hygiene

Standard 3
Demonstrate the use of basic medical terminology.

  1. Anatomic planes
    • Frontal
    • Sagittal
    • Transverse/horizontal
  2. Directional terms
    • Anterior/Posterior
    • Medial/Lateral
    • Superior/Inferior
    • Proximal/Distal
    • Superficial/Deep
  3. Abbreviations
    • Rx - prescription
    • Dx - diagnosis
    • Px - prognosis
    • Tx - treatment
    • Hx - history
    • Fx - fracture

Strand 4
Apply basic scientific principles to the healthcare field.

Standard 1
Identify the levels of organization of the human body.

  1. Chemical
  2. Cell
  3. Tissue
  4. Organ
  5. Organ system
  6. Organism

Standard 2
Identify the different body systems to include basic structures and basic functions.

  1. Integumentary
  2. Skeletal
  3. Muscular
  4. Nervous
  5. Endocrine
  6. Respiratory
  7. Cardiovascular
  8. Lymphatic
  9. Digestive
  10. Urinary
  11. Reproductive

Standard 3
Describe the elements of disease transmission.

  1. Chain of infection
    • Infectious agent
    • Reservoir
    • Portal of exit
    • Mode of transmission
      • Direct contact
      • Indirect contact
      • Vector-borne
      • Respiratory droplets
    • Portal of entry
    • Susceptible host
  2. Prevention of Infection
    • Stay home when sick.
    • Hand washing.
    • Cover nose and mouth when coughing/sneezing.
    • Use of appropriate personal protective equipment.
      • Gloves
      • Gowns
      • Masks
      • Eye protection

Performance Skills
Performance Skill included – see below.

Strand 5
Perform basic healthcare skills.

Standard 1
Perform basic vital signs and measurements.

  1. Respiration
  2. Pulse
  3. Height
  4. Weight
  5. Eye chart

Standard 2
Identify basic first aid techniques.

  1. Activate the Emergency Management System (EMS)
    • Dial 911
    • Be prepared with the following:
      • What happened
      • Location
      • Gender and approximate age of victim(s)
      • Suspected problem/injury – type and severity
      • Ongoing safety concerns or threats
      • Level of responsiveness of victim
      • Your contact information
      • Hang up only when instructed.
  2. Bleeding control
  3. Basic splinting
  4. Minor burn management

Strand 6
Introduce students to the Career and Technical Student Organization (CTSO) for students interested in careers in healthcare – HOSA: Future Health Professionals.

Standard 1
Explore the national and state HOSA websites.

  1. National site –
  2. Utah site -

Standard 2
Identify Middle School competitions of interest.

  1. Identify and describe at least one individual event.
  2. Identify and describe at least one team event.

Standard 3
Explore HOSA leadership, and service opportunities.

  1. Identify HOSA officer positions and their role/function.
  2. Research current National HOSA Service Project.
  3. Identify HOSA scholarship options.

Performance Skills
Performance Skill included – see below.

Performance Skills

Create a Health Career Display-Middle School as per the HOSA competitive event guidelines.

Demonstrate correct glove removal and disposal.

Complete a project-based learning experience centered on a HOSA Middle School competitive event.

Workplace Skills

  • Workplace Skills
  • Professional dress
  • Teamwork/Collaboration
  • Communication – written and verbal
  • Conflict resolution
  • Time management
  • Critical thinking
  • Research methods
  • Problem solving
  • Integrity
  • Legal requirements/expectations

UEN logo - in partnership with Utah State Board of Education (USBE) and Utah System of Higher Education (USHE).  Send questions or comments to USBE Specialist - MAREN  HANSEN and see the CTE/Health Science website. For general questions about Utah's Core Standards contact the Director - THALEA  LONGHURST.

These materials have been produced by and for the teachers of the State of Utah. Copies of these materials may be freely reproduced for teacher and classroom use. When distributing these materials, credit should be given to Utah State Board of Education. These materials may not be published, in whole or part, or in any other format, without the written permission of the Utah State Board of Education, 250 East 500 South, PO Box 144200, Salt Lake City, Utah 84114-4200.