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Science - Secondary Curriculum SEEd - Zoology
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Core Standards of the Course

Animals share common life functions necessary for survival. They also have similar yet diverse structures that they use to fulfil these life functions. Some animals have a unique life cycle. Animals depend upon their environment for survival.

Standard ZOOL.1.1
Obtain, evaluate, and communicate information to explain the life functions shared by most animals. Emphasize that most animals depend on and perform these functions in different ways. Examples of life functions could include the need to feed, respire, circulate, excrete, move, respond, or reproduce.

Standard ZOOL.1.2
Develop and use models to explain the complexity and diversity of common animal structures (systems, organs, tissues, and cells) and their functions to fulfill life functions. Emphasize how different structures in different organisms perform similar functions.

Standard ZOOL.1.3
Develop a model to explain the patterns in various life cycles and embryological development differences in animals. Emphasize the potential reasons and benefits for these differences. Examples of life cycles could include polyp and medusa in cnidarians; different hosts and stages in the platyhelminths or nematode life cycle; arthropod metamorphosis; or chordates life cycles in fish and amphibians. Examples of embryological development differences could include oviparous, viviparous, ovoviviparous organisms.

Standard ZOOL.1.4
Construct an explanation for how animals depend upon their environment for survival in their habitat (system). Examples of necessities provided by their environment could include food, weather, or shelter.

Evolution by natural selection allows populations to adapt to environmental changes. Some animals have coevolved with plants or other animals. Animals are classified into major taxa and this classification can be used for phylogenetic context. Most animals show increased complexity in different ways when comparing them from phyla to phyla.

Standard ZOOL.2.1
Construct an explanation for how evolution allows populations to adapt to environmental changes. Emphasize the mechanisms that drive evolution in animal populations. Examples of evolution drivers could include adaptation, natural selection, convergence, and speciation.

Standard ZOOL.2.2
Construct an argument from evidence about the coevolution (change) of animals with plants and other animals. Examples of coevolution with plants could be due to pollination or seed dispersal. Examples of coevolution with other animals could be due to predator/prey relationships or symbiotic relationships.

Standard ZOOL.2.3
Construct an argument based on evidence to classify animals into major taxa by observing patterns in physical, behavioral, or molecular/genetic characteristics. Emphasize placing taxa into phylogenetic context using different technologies. Examples of technologies could be a dichotomous key, field guide, or molecular analysis (genes or chemicals).

Standard ZOOL.2.4
Analyze and interpret data to explain patterns in the increasing complexity in the morphology, biochemistry, and genetics of animals to compare taxa within and between phyla. Emphasize focusing the comparisons using the structures, functions, and processes identified in Strand 1 of these standards. Examples of phyla to compare could include Porifera, Cnidaria, Platyhelminthes, Nematoda, Annelida, Mollusca, Arthropoda, Echinodermata, and/or Chordata.

Animal structures are used for different purposes by humans. Human activities may have an impact on natural habitats and populations of animals. Humans can also create management plans and legislation that can reduce or reverse the impacts humans have on animals in the wild. Management plans can be used to control invasive species and conserve native animal species.

Standard ZOOL.3.1
Obtain, evaluate, and communicate how animal structures are used in different societies. Examples of structures could include muscle, blood, bones, or other tissues and organs. Examples of uses could include food, medicine, or biotechnology.

Standard ZOOL.3.2
Ask questions and define problems to identify the cause and effect of human activities on natural habitats and populations of animals. Emphasize how individuals, state, and local management plans, and government legislation have identified and adjusted practice to reduce and/or reverse these impacts. Examples of human activities could include habitat destruction, overharvesting, water consumption, or pollution.

Standard ZOOL.3.3
Evaluate current plans to manage the control of an invasive animal species in Utah or to manage the conservation of a native animal species in Utah focusing on the population's proportion and quantity. Define the problem, identify criteria and constraints, analyze available data on proposed solutions, and determine if the plan is an optimal solution. Emphasize the impact that the animal species has on its environment.

UEN logo - in partnership with Utah State Board of Education (USBE) and Utah System of Higher Education (USHE).  Send questions or comments to USBE Specialist - Milo  Maughan and see the Science - Secondary website. For general questions about Utah's Core Standards contact the Director - Jennifer  Throndsen.

These materials have been produced by and for the teachers of the State of Utah. Copies of these materials may be freely reproduced for teacher and classroom use. When distributing these materials, credit should be given to Utah State Board of Education. These materials may not be published, in whole or part, or in any other format, without the written permission of the Utah State Board of Education, 250 East 500 South, PO Box 144200, Salt Lake City, Utah 84114-4200.