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Science - Secondary Curriculum SEEd - Human Anatomy
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Core Standards of the Course

Strand HUMA.1: ANATOMICAL STRUCTURES OF THE HUMAN BODY
The anatomical structures of the human body have a specific orientation and location. The size of the bodyís structures fulfill different functions.

Standard HUMA.1.1
Develop and use models to demonstrate the orientation of anatomical structures and regions of the human body. Emphasize how size, orientation, and location within the human body supports the function of the anatomical structures.

Standard HUMA.1.2
Obtain, evaluate, and communicate information about how the scale, proportion, and quantity of different body structures affects their functions within the human body. Emphasize the roles of cells, tissues, organs, and organ systems.


Strand HUMA.2: INTEGUMENTARY, SKELETAL, AND MUSCULAR SYSTEMS
he integumentary system plays an important role in protection, eliminating waste products, and regulating body temperature. The skeletal system provides the body with movement, protection, and support. The muscular system also provides the body with movement and support. The integumentary, skeletal, and muscular systems work together to provide the body with support, protection, and movement.

Standard HUMA.2.1
Construct an explanation about the relationship between the structures of the integumentary system and their role in protection, eliminating waste products, and regulating body temperature.

Standard HUMA.2.2
Develop and use models to relate the structure of the skeletal system to its functional role in movement, protection, and support.

Standard HUMA.2.3
Plan and carry out an investigation to determine the cause and effect relationship between structures of the muscular system and their role in movement and support.

Standard HUMA.2.4
Engage in argument from evidence about how the integumentary, skeletal, and muscular systems make support, protection, and movement possible. Emphasize the homeostatic mechanisms, as well as the effects of and responses to nutrition, aging, diseases, and disorders.


Strand HUMA.3: ENDOCRINE AND NERVOUS SYSTEMS
The nervous system is the bodyís means of information processing. The endocrine system regulates the physical and chemical processes of the body. The endocrine and nervous systems work together to help the body process information.

Standard HUMA.3.1
Plan and carry out an investigation to determine how the structures of the nervous system support the function of information processing (detection, interpretation, and response) within the body.

Standard HUMA.3.2
Analyze and interpret data to explain how the hormones of the endocrine system regulate physical and chemical processes to maintain a stable internal environment, support general health, and promote growth and development throughout the lifespan. Emphasize both positive and negative feedback mechanisms. Examples of feedback mechanisms could be heart rate, blood sugar, childbirth, temperature, and growth.

Standard HUMA.3.3
Construct an explanation about how the cause and effect relationship of the endocrine and nervous systems makes information processing (detection, interpretation and response) possible. Emphasize homeostatic mechanisms and their effects and responses to nutrition, aging, diseases, and disorders.


Strand HUMA.4: CARDIOVASCULAR, RESPIRATORY, DIGESTIVE, AND URINARY SYSTEMS
The cardiovascular and respiratory system help the body obtain oxygen, transport nutrients, and remove waste. The digestive and urinary systems help the body obtain nutrients and eliminate waste. The cardiovascular, respiratory, urinary, and digestive systems are interdependent yet responsive to each other. Measurements of cardiovascular, respiratory, digestive, and urinary systems processes can indicate the relative health of the body.

Standard HUMA.4.1
Analyze and interpret data to identify patterns that explain how the cardiovascular and respiratory systems obtain oxygen, transport nutrients, and remove waste.

Standard HUMA.4.2
Obtain, evaluate, and communicate information about the relationship between the structure and function of the digestive and urinary systems as they utilize matter to derive energy and eliminate waste.

Standard HUMA.4.3
Ask questions to construct an explanation about the interdependence of the cardiovascular, respiratory, urinary, and digestive systems. Emphasize homeostatic mechanisms, as well as the effects of and responses to nutrition, aging, diseases, and disorders.

Standard HUMA.4.4
Use mathematics and computational thinking to design a device which measures the exchange of matter and energy used by the cardiovascular, respiratory, digestive, and urinary systems to determine health of those systems and to prevent potential health issues. Define the problem, identify criteria and constraints, develop possible solutions using models, analyze data to make improvements from iteratively testing solutions, and optimize a solution. Examples of measurements could include caloric input to the digestive system, respiratory gas output, respiratory rates, respiratory volumes, digestive rates, heat lost by urine output, blood pressure, and heart rate.


Strand HUMA.5: REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEMíS ROLE IN THE GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT OF HUMANS
The reproductive system produces the structures needed to produce egg and sperm, fertilization, and the development of offspring. Human embryos progress through different stages of growth and development supported by the reproductive system

Standard HUMA.5.1
Obtain, evaluate, and communicate information about how the structures of the male and female reproductive system provide a stable yet changing environment to allow for the production of egg and sperm, fertilization, implantation, and the development of human fetus. Emphasize the role of hormones in the male and female reproductive process.

Standard HUMA.5.2
Develop and use models to describe the stability and change in the stages of human embryology and gestation, including fertilization and embryo and embryo and fetal development. Emphasize the embryological changes through the different stages of development.

Standard HUMA.5.3
Ask questions about how the reproductive system uses matter and energy to make growth and development possible. Emphasize homeostatic mechanisms, as well as the effects of and responses to nutrition, aging, diseases, and disorders.



UEN logo http://www.uen.org - in partnership with Utah State Board of Education (USBE) and Utah System of Higher Education (USHE).  Send questions or comments to USBE Specialist - Milo  Maughan and see the Science - Secondary website. For general questions about Utah's Core Standards contact the Director - Jennifer  Throndsen.

These materials have been produced by and for the teachers of the State of Utah. Copies of these materials may be freely reproduced for teacher and classroom use. When distributing these materials, credit should be given to Utah State Board of Education. These materials may not be published, in whole or part, or in any other format, without the written permission of the Utah State Board of Education, 250 East 500 South, PO Box 144200, Salt Lake City, Utah 84114-4200.