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CTE/Skilled & Technical Sciences Education Curriculum Construction Trades Foundation
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arrow icon Course Introduction


Core Standards of the Course

Strand 1
Students will learn and practice basic safety skills.

Standard 1
Describe how to avoid job-site accidents.

Standard 2
Explain the relationship between housekeeping and safety.

Standard 3
Appreciate the importance of following all safety rules and company safety policies.

Standard 4
Explain the importance of reporting all on-the-job injuries, accidents, and near misses.

Standard 5
Explain the need for evacuation procedures and the importance of following them.

Standard 6
Explain their employer’s substance abuse policy and how it relates to their safety.

Standard 7
Explain the term Proximity Work.

Standard 8
Recognize and explain personal protective equipment uses.

Standard 9
Inspect and care for various types of personal protective equipment.

Standard 10
Follow safe procedures for lifting heavy objects.

Standard 11
Inspect and safely work with various types of ladders and scaffolds.

Standard 12
Demonstrate an understanding of the OSHA Hazard Communication Standard.

Standard 13
Explain the function of Material Safety Data Sheets.

Standard 14
Practice fire prevention in dealing with various flammable materials.

Standard 15
Practice safe work procedures around electrical hazards.

Strand 2
Students will understand and demonstrate basic math skills.

Standard 1
Add, subtract, multiply, and divide whole numbers, with and without a calculator.

Standard 2
Use a standard ruler to measure.

Standard 3
Add, subtract, multiply, and divide fractions.

Standard 4
Add, subtract, multiply, and divide decimals, with and without a calculator.

Standard 5
Convert decimals to percents and percents to decimals.

Standard 6
Convert fractions to decimals and decimals to fractions.

Strand 3
Students will recognize and demonstrate the hand tools.

Standard 1
Recognize basic hand tools used in the construction trade.

  1. Framing hammer
  2. Key hole saw
  3. Sledge hammer
  4. Framing square
  5. Speed square
  6. Nail puller/cat’s paw
  7. Tape measure
  8. Chalk box
  9. Level
  10. Utility knife
  11. Coping saw
  12. Wood chisel
  13. Nail set
  14. Screwdriver set – slotted, Phillips, Allen, Torx
  15. Channel lock pliers
  16. Needle nose pliers
  17. Linemen pliers
  18. Vise grip pliers
  19. T-bevel square
  20. Adjustable wrench
  21. Socket set
  22. Tin snips
  23. Hack saw
  24. Crow bar
  25. Combination file
  26. Tool belt
  27. C-clamp
  28. Shovel
  29. Pick
  30. Finish hammer

Standard 2
Safely use these basic hand tools.

Standard 3
Have an awareness of basic maintenance procedures on these hand tools.

Strand 4
Students will recognize and demonstrate power tools.

Standard 1
Identify commonly used power tools of the construction trade.

  1. Circular saw
  2. Reciprocating saw
  3. Jig saw
  4. Hammer drill
  5. Portable power plainer
  6. Router
  7. Pneumatic and power fastening tools – framing nailer, finishing nailer, teco nailer, plastic top nailer, brad nailer, stapler
  8. Miter box saw
  9. Cordless drill
  10. Cordless reciprocating
  11. ˝” drill
  12. Electric tin snips
  13. Powder actuated tool
  14. Electric impact wrench
  15. Laser builders level

Standard 2
Recognize safe use of power tools.

Standard 3
Explain the procedures to properly maintain these power tools.

Strand 5
Students will identify and demonstrate how to read blueprints.

Standard 1
Identify and recognize basic blueprint terms and symbols.

Standard 2
Relate information on prints to real parts and locations.

Standard 3
Identify the following:

  1. Plot/site plan
  2. Floor plan
  3. Elevation plan
  4. Foundation plan
  5. Mechanical plan
  6. Electrical plan
  7. Specifications sheet
  8. Door and window schedule

Strand 6
Students will be able to understand and demonstrate the use of wood building materials, fasteners and adhesives.

Standard 1
Identify various types of imperfections that are found in lumber.

  1. Holes
  2. Knots
  3. Pitch
  4. Decay

Standard 2
Identify the uses of pressure-treated lumber.

  1. Landscape timbers
  2. Sill plates
  3. Foundations
  4. Decks
  5. Porches
  6. Docks

Standard 3
Identify the safety precautions associated with pressure-treated lumber.

  1. When cutting pressure-treated lumber, always wear eye protection and a dust mask.
  2. Wash any skin that is exposed while cutting or handling the lumber.
  3. Wash clothing that is exposed to sawdust separately from other clothing
  4. Do not burn pressure-treated lumber as the ash poses a health hazard.
  5. Be sure to read and follow the manufacturer’s safety instruction.

Standard 4
Describe the proper method of caring for lumber and wood building materials at the job site.

Standard 5
State the uses of various types of engineered lumber.

  1. Headers
  2. Floor joists

Standard 6
List the basic nail and staple types and their uses.

  1. Nails: Common and finish.
  2. Chisel staples

Standard 7
Describe the common types of adhesives used in construction work and explain their uses.

Strand 7
Students will be able to understand and demonstrate framing of flooring systems, wall and ceilings and roofing systems.

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Standard 1
Identify floor and sill framing and support members.

Standard 2
List and recognize different types of floor joists

Standard 3
Demonstrate the ability to:

  1. Layout and construct a floor assembly
  2. Install a single floor system using tongue and groove plywood/OSB panels

Standard 4
Identify the components of a wall.

Standard 5
Layout, assemble, erect, and brace exterior walls for a frame building.

Standard 6
Understand the use and installation of roofing members.

Standard 7
Understand the members and installation of stairs.

Strand 8
Students will be able to understand and demonstrate installation of windows, exterior, and interior doors.

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Standard 1
State the requirements for a proper window installation.

Standard 2
Install a pre-hung window

Standard 3
Install a pre-hung exterior door with weather-stripping.

Standard 4
Install a lockset.

Strand 9
Students will be able to understand and demonstrate drywall installation and finishing.

Standard 1
Select fasteners for drywall installation.

  1. Nails
  2. Drywall screws
  3. Adhesives

Standard 2
Identify the hand tools used in drywall finishing and demonstrate the ability to use these tools.

Standard 3
Identify the materials used in drywall finishing and state the purpose and use of each type of material, including:

  1. Compounds
  2. Joint reinforcing tapes
  3. Trim materials
  4. Textures and coatings

Strand 10
Students will be able to understand and demonstrate interior finishing.

Standard 1
Identify different types of interior doors.

Standard 2
List and identify specific items included on a typical door schedule.

Strand 11
Students will gain an understanding of Construction industry as a profession and will develop professional skills for the workplace.

Standard 1
As a participating member of the SkillsUSA student organization completes the SkillsUSA Level 1 Professional Development Program.

  1. Complete a self-assessment inventory and identify individual learning styles.
  2. Discover self-motivation techniques and establish short-term goals.
  3. Determine individual time-management skills.
  4. Define future occupations.
  5. Define awareness of cultural diversity and equity issues.
  6. Recognize the benefits of conducting a community service project.
  7. Demonstrate effective communication skills with others.
  8. Participate in a shadowing activity.
  9. Identify components of an employment portfolio.
  10. Explore what is ethical in the workplace or school.
  11. Demonstrate proficiency in program competencies.
  12. Explore what is ethical in the workplace or school.
    • State the SkillsUSA motto.
    • State the SkillsUSA creed.
    • Learn the SkillsUSA colors.
    • Describe the official SkillsUSA dress.
    • Describe the procedure for becoming a SkillsUSA officer.

Standard 2
Understand the use of construction and how it relates to career opportunities.

Standard 3
Display a professional attitude toward the instructor and peers.

UEN logo - in partnership with Utah State Board of Education (USBE) and Utah System of Higher Education (USHE).  Send questions or comments to USBE Specialist - A Bodell and see the CTE/Skilled & Technical Sciences Education website. For general questions about Utah's Core Standards contact the Director - THALEA LONGHURST .  

These materials have been produced by and for the teachers of the State of Utah. Copies of these materials may be freely reproduced for teacher and classroom use. When distributing these materials, credit should be given to Utah State Board of Education. These materials may not be published, in whole or part, or in any other format, without the written permission of the Utah State Board of Education, 250 East 500 South, PO Box 144200, Salt Lake City, Utah 84114-4200.