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CTE/Skilled & Technical Sciences Education Curriculum Introduction to Automotive
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Core Standards of the Course

Strand 1
Students will be able to understand general shop safety.

Standard 1
Learn safe working habits and procedures. Pass a safety test with 100 percent.

  1. Personal safety.
  2. Tool and equipment safety.
  3. Workplace safety.
  4. Personal protective equipment (PPE).

Standard 2
Comply with safety rules for working with automotive chemicals.

  1. Chemical manufacturers provide a Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) for each chemical they produce.
  2. Identify the location of and navigate through the MSDS for critical information.
  3. Store chemicals in properly labeled containers.

Standard 3
Identify the gasses encountered in the automotive field and the hazards they present.

  1. Water, oxygen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide(CO2), hydrocarbons(HC), oxides of nitrogen (NOx), and carbon monoxide (CO).
  2. HC, NOx, and CO can pose health and environmental problems if they are not controlled.

Standard 4
Identify the hazards and control of asbestos dust.

  1. Asbestos is a carcinogen – a substance that causes cancer.
  2. Never use compressed air to clean brake assemblies.
  3. Use an approved brake vacuum or brake washer machine.
  4. Because some exposure might be unavoidable, wear an approved filter mask.

Performance Skill
Understand general shop safety.

  1. Pass a safety test with 100 percent.
  2. Comply with safety rules for working with automotive chemicals.
  3. Identify the gasses encountered in the automotive field and the hazards they present.
  4. Identify the hazards and control of asbestos dust.

Strand 2
Students will be able to understand basic hand tools, fasteners, and shop equipment.

Standard 1
Identify and measure metric and standard fasteners.

  1. Machine screws, sheet metal screws, bolts, studs, nuts.
  2. Lock washers, keys, splines, pins, snap rings, setscrews, rivets.
  3. Head markings, thread series, right‐hand and left‐hand threads, major and minor diameters, thread pitch (TPI).

Standard 2
Correctly identify and use basic hand tools.

  1. Screwdrivers, wrench, sockets, drive handles, extensions, pliers, hammer, chisels, punches, files, hacksaw, taps, dies, pullers, vises, drill bits, grinder.
  2. Describe the use of each of the above tools.

Standard 3
Identify and demonstrate use of basic measuring tools (accurate to 1/32 or 1mm).

  1. Micrometers, inside and outside calipers, dividers, dial indicator, dial calipers.
  2. Electrical testers, pressure gauges, feeler gauges.

Standard 4
Complete a repair order including cause, concern, and correction, use reference manuals or information systems to find service procedures and specifications.

  1. Computer oriented.
  2. Printed manuals.

Standard 5
Locate proper lift points, raise and support the vehicle using jack stands and a vehicle hoist.

  1. Use a jack and jack stands to raise and support a vehicle.
  2. Use a hoist to raise and support a vehicle and properly use safety locks to secure thevehicle.

Performance Skill
Understand basic hand tools, fasteners, and shop equipment.

  1. Measure metric and standard fasteners.
  2. Correctly identify and use basic hand tools.
  3. Demonstrate use of basic measuring tools (accurate to 1/32 or 1mm).
  4. Complete a repair order including cause, concern, and correction, use referencemanuals or information systems to find service procedures and specifications.
  5. Locate proper lift points, raise and support the vehicle using jack stands and avehicle hoist.

Strand 3
Students will be able to understand proper techniques in removal and installation of tires and wheels.

Standard 1
Inspect tires for abnormal wear.

  1. Proper inflation
  2. Mechanical problems (no specific angles)

Standard 2
Dismount, inspect, and remount a tire on a wheel (including TPMS).

  1. Use the proper equipment.
  2. Use the correct techniques and safety precautions.

Standard 3
Properly rotate tires and reinstall using proper torque procedures.

  1. Use either the conventional or directional tire rotation method.
  2. Lug nuts should be tightened to the proper torque as indicated in the vehicle specifications and in a sequence of cross or star patterns depending on the number of lug nuts.

Standard 4
Use a tire balancer to balance tires of a vehicle using proper procedures.

  1. Correctly mount wheel to the balancer.
  2. Correctly balance a wheel and tire assembly.

Standard 5
Locate a leak and identify proper repair procedures.

  1. Inspect interior and exterior of the tire.
  2. Determine if the tire can be repaired.
  3. Repair the tire damage correctly.
  4. Verify tire repair.

Standard 6
Interpret tire sidewall markings: size, inflation, and load.

  1. Tire type.
  2. Section width in millimeters
  3. Aspect ratio
  4. Speed rating
  5. Construction type
  6. Rim diameter

Performance Skill
Understand proper techniques in removal and installation of tires and wheels.

  1. Inspect tires for abnormal wear.
  2. Dismount, inspect, and remount a tire on a wheel (including TPMS).
  3. Properly rotate tires and reinstall using proper torque procedures.
  4. Use a tire balancer to balance tires of a vehicle using proper procedures.
  5. Locate a leak and identify proper repair procedures.
  6. Interpret tire sidewall markings: size, inflation, and load.

Strand 4
Students will be able to identify and perform basic services on a vehicle.

Standard 1
Locate and identify basic automotive parts.

  1. Identify engine parts.
    • Block, crankshaft, camshaft, piston, cylinder head, connecting rod, valve train, timing components
    • Fuel systems: injector, filter, lines, pump, tank.
    • Ignition systems: spark plugs, coil(s).
    • Cooling systems: radiator, pump, thermostat
  2. Identify drive train.
    • Manual Transmission
    • Automatic Transmission
    • Drivelines
    • Drive Axles
  3. Identify brake parts.
    • Master cylinder, lines, caliper, rotor, drum, wheel cylinder, pads, shoes
  4. Identify steering and suspension parts.
    • Steering gear.
    • Tie‐rod
    • Shocks / Struts
    • Springs: leaf, coil, torsion bar, air
  5. Identify electrical parts.
    • Battery
    • Alternator
    • Starter
    • Circuit protection: fuse, breaker

Standard 2
Based on the manufacture’s specifications, perform under hood checks.

  1. Inspect and adjust available fluid levels.
  2. Check belt tension and condition.
  3. Check condition of hoses.

Standard 3
At the correct interval, perform lube, oil, and filter service. Use proper disposal methods for waste oil and filters.

  1. Change engine oil and filter using recommended oil viscosity and filter.
  2. Check for and lubricate available fittings.
  3. Check air filter.

Standard 4
Inspect and service battery.

  1. Check battery voltage with the engine off.
  2. Check battery voltage with engine running.
  3. Properly jumpstart a vehicle.
  4. Inspect and clean battery and cables.

Standard 5
Check shocks or struts.

  1. Visual inspection.
  2. Check for proper operation.

Standard 6
Understand the four stroke cycle.

  1. Intake
  2. Compression
  3. Power
  4. Exhaust

Standard 7
Check brakes.

  1. Lining thickness
  2. Fluid leaks
  3. Park brake function

Standard 8
Check lights.

  1. Visually inspect bulbs.
  2. Replace light bulbs as needed.

Performance Skill
Perform basic services on a vehicle.

  1. Identify basic automotive parts and functions.
  2. Based on the manufacture’s specifications, perform under hood checks.
  3. At the correct interval, perform lube, oil, and filter service. Use proper disposalmethods for waste oil and filters.
  4. Inspect and service battery.
  5. Check shocks or struts.
  6. Understand the four stroke cycle.
  7. Check brakes.

Strand 5
Students will be able to identify basic emission components. (Optional)

Standard 1
Identify common emission components.

  1. PVC system or equivalent
  2. EVAP system
  3. Catalytic converter

Standard 2
Run an emission test on a vehicle.

  1. Hydro carbons
  2. Carbon monoxide
  3. Oxides of Nitrogen (NOx)

Performance Skill
Identify basic emission components.

  1. Identify common emission components.
  2. Run an emission test on a vehicle.

Strand 6
Students will be able to solve basic mathematical equations related to automotive.

Standard 1
Solve whole number problems with two- and three-digits.

  1. Addition
  2. Subtraction
  3. Multiplication
  4. Division

Standard 2
Solve fraction problems.

  1. Addition
  2. Subtraction
  3. Multiplication
  4. Division

Standard 3
Solve decimal problems with two- and three-digits.

  1. Addition
  2. Subtraction
  3. Multiplication
  4. Division

Standard 4
Solve conversion problems.

  1. Fraction‐to‐decimal
  2. Decimal‐to‐fraction
  3. Decimal‐to‐percent
  4. Percent‐to‐decimal

Standard 5
Solve basic ratio-to-proportion problems.

Standard 6
Solve basic linear-measurement problems.

  1. Measuring using the Imperial system.
  2. Measuring using the Metric system.

Performance Skill
Solve basic mathematical equations related to automotive.

  1. Solve whole number problems with two- and three-digits.
  2. Solve fraction problems.
  3. Solve decimal problems with two- and three-digits.
  4. Solve conversion problems.
  5. Solve basic ration-to-proportion problems.
  6. Solve basic linear-measurement problems.

Strand 7
Students will be able to identify and properly perform a vehicle inspection. (Optional) Refer to the Utah State Vehicle Safety Inspection Manual - https://highwaypatrol.utah.gov/wp-content/uploads/sites/21/2015/03/2011-2012-SI-PLT-Manual.pdf.


Strand 8
Students will be able to understand the importance of employability and work habits.

Standard 1
Integrity

Standard 2
Punctuality

Standard 3
Staying on task

Standard 4
Productive team worker

Standard 5
Leadership


Strand 9
Students will understand the importance of career readiness skills as it relates to the workplace and outlined in the SkillsUSA Framework – Level 1.

Button to show links.

Standard 1
Understand and demonstrate the attitude of cooperation.

  1. Develop awareness of cultural diversity and equality issues.
  2. Demonstrate effective communication with others.
  3. Apply team skills to a group project.
  4. Identify and apply conflict resolution skills.

Standard 2
Understand and demonstrate the ability of being resourceful and innovative.

  1. Discover self-motivation techniques and establish short-term goals.
  2. Measure/modify short-term goals.
  3. Review a professional journal and develop a three- to five-minute presentation.

Standard 3
Plan for your future career.

  1. Complete a self-assessment and identify individual learning styles.
  2. Define future occupations.
  3. Identify the components of an employment portfolio.
  4. List proficiency in program competencies.
  5. Complete a survey for employment opportunities.
  6. Create a job application.
  7. Assemble your employment portfolio.
  8. Employability skills: evaluate program comprehension.

Standard 4
Understand and demonstrate the ability to manage a project.

  1. Apply team skills to a group project.
  2. Observe and critique a meeting.
  3. Demonstrate business meeting skills.
  4. Explore supervisory and management roles in an organization.
  5. Identify and apply conflict resolution skills.
  6. Demonstrate evaluation skills.
  7. Manage a project and evaluate others.


UEN logo http://www.uen.org - in partnership with Utah State Board of Education (USBE) and Utah System of Higher Education (USHE).  Send questions or comments to USBE Specialist - A Bodell and see the CTE/Skilled & Technical Sciences Education website. For general questions about Utah's Core Standards contact the Director - THALEA LONGHURST .

These materials have been produced by and for the teachers of the State of Utah. Copies of these materials may be freely reproduced for teacher and classroom use. When distributing these materials, credit should be given to Utah State Board of Education. These materials may not be published, in whole or part, or in any other format, without the written permission of the Utah State Board of Education, 250 East 500 South, PO Box 144200, Salt Lake City, Utah 84114-4200.