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CTE/Skilled & Technical Sciences Education Curriculum Collision Refinishing and Painting
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Core Standards of the Course

Strand 1
Students will be able to understand and demonstrate safety and environmental practices.

Standard 1
Identify and take necessary precautions with hazardous operations and materials according to federal, state, and local regulations.

Standard 2
Identify safety and personal health hazards according to OSHA guidelines and the “Right to Know Law”.

Standard 3
Inspect spray environment and equipment to ensure compliance with federal, state and local regulations, and for safety and cleanliness hazards.

Standard 4
Select and use a NIOSH approved air purifying respirator. Inspect condition and ensure fit and operation. Perform proper maintenance in accordance with OSHA Regulation 1910.134 and applicable state and local regulation.

Standard 5
Select and use a NIOSH approved supplied air (Fresh Air Make-up) respirator system. Perform proper maintenance in accordance with OSHA Regulation 1910.134 and applicable state and local regulation.

Standard 6
Select and use the proper personal safety equipment for surface preparation, spray gun and related equipment operation, paint mixing, matching and application, paint defects, and detailing (gloves, suits, hoods, eye and ear protection, etc.).

Performance Skill
Understand and demonstrate safety and environmental practices.

  1. Identify and take necessary precautions with hazardous operations and materials according to federal, state, and local regulations.
  2. Identify safety and personal health hazards according to OSHA guidelines and the "Right to Know Law".
  3. Inspect spray environment and equipment to ensure compliance with federal, state and local regulations, and for safety and cleanliness hazards.
  4. Select and use a NIOSH approved air purifying respirator. Inspect condition and ensure fit and operation. Perform proper maintenance in accordance with OSHA Regulation 1910.134 and applicable state and local regulation.
  5. Select and use a NIOSH approved supplied air (Fresh Air Make-up) respirator system. Perform proper maintenance in accordance with OSHA Regulation 1910.134 and applicable state and local regulation.
  6. Select and use the proper personal safety equipment for surface preparation, spray gun and related equipment operation, paint mixing, matching and application, paint defects, and detailing (gloves, suits, hoods, eye and ear protection, etc.).

Strand 2
Students will be able to understand and demonstrate proper surface preparation.

Standard 1
Inspect, remove, store, and replace exterior trim and components necessary for proper surface preparation.

Standard 2
Soap and water wash entire vehicle; use appropriate cleaner to remove contaminants, including plastics with anti-static wipes.

Standard 3
Inspect and identify substrate, type of finish, surface condition, and film thickness; develop and document a plan for refinishing using a total product system.

Standard 4
Remove paint finish.

Standard 5
Dry or wet sand areas to be refinished.

Standard 6
Featheredge damaged areas to be refinished.

Standard 7
Apply suitable metal treatment or primer in accordance with total product systems.

Standard 8
Mask and protect other areas that will not be refinished.

Standard 9
Mix primer, primer-surfacer or primer-sealer.

Standard 10
Apply primer onto surface of repaired area.

Standard 11
Apply two-component finishing filler to minor surface imperfections.

Standard 12
Dry or wet sand area to which primer-surfacer has been applied.

Standard 13
Dry sand area to which two-component finishing filler has been applied.

Standard 14
Remove dust from area to be refinished, including cracks or moldings of adjacent areas.

Standard 15
Clean area to be refinished using a final cleaning solution.

Standard 16
Remove, with a tack rag, any dust or lint particles from the area to be refinished.

Standard 17
Apply suitable sealer to the area being refinished when sealing is needed or desirable.

Standard 18
Scuff sand to remove nibs or imperfections from a sealer.

Standard 19
Apply stone chip resistant coating.

Standard 20
Restore corrosion-resistant coatings, caulking, and seam sealers to repaired areas.

Standard 21
Prepare adjacent panels for blending.

Standard 22
Identify the types of rigid, semi-rigid or flexible plastic parts to be refinished; determine the materials, preparation, and refinishing procedures.

Standard 23
Identify aluminum parts to be refinished; determine the materials, preparation, and refinishing procedures.

Performance Skill
Understand and demonstrate proper surface preparation.

  1. Inspect, remove, store, and replace exterior trim and components necessary for proper surface preparation.
  2. Soap and water wash entire vehicle; use appropriate cleaner to remove contaminants, including plastics with anti-static wipes.
  3. Inspect and identify substrate, type of finish, surface condition, and film thickness; develop and document a plan for refinishing using a total product system.
  4. Remove paint finish.
  5. Dry or wet sand areas to be refinished.
  6. Featheredge damaged areas to be refinished.
  7. Apply suitable metal treatment or primer in accordance with total product systems.
  8. Mask and protect other areas that will not be refinished.
  9. Mix primer, primer-surfacer or primer-sealer.
  10. Apply primer onto surface of repaired area.
  11. Apply two-component finishing filler to minor surface imperfections.
  12. Dry or wet sand area to which primer-surfacer has been applied.
  13. Sand area to which two-component finishing filler has been applied.
  14. Remove dust from area to be refinished, including cracks or moldings of adjacent areas.
  15. Clean area to be refinished using a final cleaning solution.
  16. Remove, with a tack rag, any dust or lint particles from the area to be refinished.
  17. Apply suitable sealer to the area being refinished when sealing is needed ordesirable.
  18. Scuff sand to remove nibs or imperfections from a sealer.
  19. Apply stone chip resistant coating.
  20. Restore corrosion-resistant coatings, caulking, and seam sealers to repaired areas.
  21. Prepare adjacent panels for blending.
  22. Identify the types of rigid, semi-rigid or flexible plastic parts to be refinished; determine the materials, preparation, and refinishing procedures.
  23. Identify aluminum parts to be refinished; determine the materials, preparation, and refinishing procedures.

Strand 3
Students will be able to safely operate, clean, and maintain spray guns and related equipment.

Standard 1
Inspect, clean, and determine condition of spray guns and related equipment (air hoses, regulators, air lines, air source, and spray environment).

Standard 2
Check and adjust spray gun operation for HVLP (high volume, low pressure) or LVLP (low volume, low pressure) guns.

Standard 3
Set-up (fluid needle, nozzle, and cap), adjust, and test spray gun using fluid, air, and pattern control valves.

Performance Skill
Safely operate, clean, and maintain spray guns and related equipment.

  1. Inspect, clean, and determine condition of spray guns and related equipment (airhoses, regulators, air lines, air source, and spray environment).
  2. Check and adjust spray gun operation for HVLP (high volume, low pressure) or LVLP (low volume, low pressure) guns.
  3. Set-up (fluid needle, nozzle, and cap), adjust, and test spray gun using fluid, air, and pattern control valves.

Strand 4
Students will be able to correctly mix, match and apply paint.

Standard 1
Determine type and color of paint already on vehicle by manufacturer’s vehicle information label.

Standard 2
Shake, stir, reduce, catalyze/activate, and strain paint.

Standard 3
Apply finish using appropriate spray techniques (gun arc, gun angle, gun distance, gun speed, and spray pattern overlap) for the finish being applied.

Standard 4
Apply selected product on test and let-down panel; check for color match.

Standard 5
Apply basecoat/clearcoat for panel blending or partial refinishing.

Standard 6
Apply basecoat/clearcoat for overall refinishing.

Standard 7
Nib sand, buff, and polish finishes where necessary.

Standard 8
Refinish rigid, semi-rigid, and flexible plastic parts.

Standard 9
Apply multi-stage coats for panel blending or overall refinishing.

Standard 10
Identify and mix paint using a formula.

Standard 11
Identify poor hiding colors; determine necessary action.

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Standard 12
Tint color using formula to achieve a blendable match.

Standard 13
Identify alternative color formula to achieve a blendable match.

Performance Skill
Correctly mix, match, and apply paint.

  1. Determine type and color of paint already on vehicle by manufacturer’s vehicle information label.
  2. Shake, stir, reduce, catalyze/activate, and strain paint.
  3. Apply finish using appropriate spray techniques (gun arc, gun angle, gun distance, gun speed, and spray pattern overlap) for the finish being applied.
  4. Apply selected product on test and let-down panel; check for color match.
  5. Apply basecoat/clearcoat for panel blending or partial refinishing.
  6. Apply basecoat/clearcoat for overall refinishing.
  7. Nib sand, buff, and polish finished where necessary.
  8. Refinish rigid, semi-rigid, and flexible plastic parts.
  9. Apply multi-stage coats for panel blending or overall refinishing.
  10. Identify and mix pain using a formula.
  11. Identify poor hiding colors; determine necessary action.
  12. Tint color using formula to achieve a blendable match.
  13. Identify alternative color formula to achieve a blendable match.

Strand 5
Students will be able to understand causes and demonstrate cures of paint defects.

Standard 1
Identify blistering (raising of the paint surface); determine the cause(s) and correct the condition.

Standard 2
Identify blushing (milky or hazy formation); determine the cause(s) and correct the condition.

Standard 3
Identify a dry spray appearance in the paint surface; determine the cause(s) and correct the condition.

Standard 4
Identify the presence of fish-eyes (crater-like openings) in the finish; determine the cause(s) and correct the condition.

Standard 5
Identify lifting; determine the cause(s) and correct the condition.

Standard 6
Identify clouding (mottling and streaking in metallic finishes); determine the cause(s) and correct the condition.

Standard 7
Identify orange peel; determine the cause(s) and correct the condition.

Standard 8
Identify overspray; determine the cause(s) and correct the condition.

Standard 9
Identify solvent popping in freshly painted surface; determine the cause(s) and correct the condition.

Standard 10
Identify sags and runs in paint surface; determine the cause(s) and correct the condition.

Standard 11
Identify sanding marks (sandscratch swelling); determine the cause(s) and correct the condition.

Standard 12
Identify contour mapping (shrinking and splitting) while finish is drying; determine the cause(s) and correct the condition.

Standard 13
Identify color difference (off-shade); determine the cause(s) and correct the condition.

Standard 14
Identify tape tracking; determine the cause(s) and correct the condition.

Standard 15
Identify low gloss condition; determine the cause(s) and correct the condition.

Standard 16
Identify poor adhesion; determine the cause(s) and correct the condition.

Standard 17
Identify paint cracking (crowsfeet or line-checking, micro-checking, etc.); determine the cause(s) and correct the condition.

Standard 18
Identify corrosion; determine the cause(s) and correct the condition.

Standard 19
Identify dirt or dust in the paint surface; determine the cause(s) and correct the condition.

Standard 20
Identify water spotting; determine the cause(s) and correct the condition.

Standard 21
Identify finish damage caused by bird droppings, tree sap, and other natural causes; correct the condition.

Standard 22
Identify finish damage caused by airborne contaminants (acids, soot, rail dust, and other industrial-related causes); correct the condition.

Standard 23
Identify die-back conditions (dulling of the paint film showing haziness); determine the cause(s) and correct the condition.

Standard 24
Identify chalking (oxidation); determine the cause(s) and correct the condition.

Standard 25
Identify bleed-through (staining); determine the cause(s) and correct the condition.

Standard 26
Identify pin-holing; determine the cause(s) and correct the condition.

Standard 27
Identify buffing-related imperfections (swirl marks, wheel burns); correct the condition.

Standard 28
Identify pigment flotation (color change through film build); determine the cause(s) and correct the condition.

Standard 29
Measure mil thickness.

Performance Skill
Understand causes and demonstrate cures of paint defects.

  1. Identify blistering (raising of the paint surface); determine the cause(s) and correct the condition.
  2. Identify blushing (milky or hazy formation); determine the cause(s) and correct the condition.
  3. Identify a dry spray appearance in the paint surface; determine the cause(s) and correct the condition.
  4. Identify the presence of fish-eyes (crater-like openings) in the finish; determine the cause(s) and correct the condition.
  5. Identify lifting; determine the cause(s) and correct the condition.
  6. Identify clouding (mottling and streaking in metallic finishes); determine the cause(s) and correct the condition.
  7. Identify orange peel; determine the cause(s) and correct the condition.
  8. Identify overspray; determine the cause(s) and correct the condition.
  9. Identify solvent popping in freshly painted surface; determine the cause(s) and correct the condition.
  10. Identify sags and runs in paint surface; determine the cause(s) and correct the condition.
  11. Identify sanding marks (sandscratch swelling); determine the cause(s) and correct the condition.
  12. Identify contour mapping (shrinking and splitting) while finish is drying; determine the cause(s) and correct the condition.
  13. Identify color difference (off-shade); determine the cause(s) and correct the condition.
  14. Identify tape tracking; determine the cause(s) and correct the condition.
  15. Identify poor adhesion; determine the cause(s) and correct the condition.
  16. Identify paint cracking (crowsfeet or line-checking, micro-checking, etc.); determine the cause(s) and correct the condition.
  17. Identify corrosion; determine the cause(s) and correct the condition.
  18. Identify dirt or dust in the paint surface; determine the cause(s) and correct the condition.
  19. Identify water spotting; determine the cause(s) and correct the condition.
  20. Identify finish damage caused by bird droppings, tree sap, and other natural causes; correct the condition.
  21. Identify finish damage caused by airborne contaminants (acids, soot, rail dust, and other industrial-related causes); correct the condition.
  22. Identify die-back conditions (dulling of the paint film showing haziness); determine the cause(s) and correct the condition.
  23. Identify chalking (oxidation); determine the cause(s) and correct the condition.
  24. Identify bleed-through (staining); determine the cause(s) and correct the condition.
  25. Identify pin-holing; determine the cause(s) and correct the condition.
  26. Identify buffing-related imperfections (swirl marks, wheel burns); correct the condition.
  27. Identify pigment flotation (color change through film build); determine the cause(s) and correct the condition.
  28. Measure mil thickness.

Strand 6
Students will be able to perform final detailing operations.

Standard 1
Apply decals, transfers, tapes, woodgrains, pinstripes (painted and taped), etc.

Standard 2
Buff and polish finish to remove defects as required.

Standard 3
Clean interior, exterior, and glass.

Standard 4
Clean body openings (door jambs and edges, etc.).

Standard 5
Remove overspray.

Performance Skill
Perform final detailing operations.

  1. Apply decals, transfers, tapes, woodgrains, pinstripes (painted and taped), etc.
  2. Buff and polish finish to remove defects as required.
  3. Clean interior, exterior, and glass.
  4. Clean body openings (door jambs and edges, etc.).
  5. Remove overspray.

Strand 7
Students will understand the importance of career readiness skills as it relates to the workplace and outlined in the SkillsUSA Framework – Level 2.

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Standard 1
Understand and demonstrate reliability.

  1. Determine individual time management skills.
  2. Explore what’s ethical in the workplace or school.
  3. Demonstrate awareness of government.
  4. Demonstrate awareness of professional organizations and trade unions.

Standard 2
Understand and demonstrate responsiveness.

  1. Define the customer.
  2. Recognize benefits of doing a community service project.
  3. Demonstrate social etiquette.
  4. Identify customer expectations.

Standard 3
Understand resiliency.

  1. Discover self-motivation techniques and establish short-term goals.
  2. Select characters of a positive image.
  3. Identify a mentor.

Standard 4
Understand and demonstrate workplace habits.

  1. Participate in a shadowing activity.
  2. Explore workplace ethics: codes of conduct.
  3. Recognize safety issues.
  4. Perform a skill demonstration.
  5. Exercise your right to know.

Standard 5
Understand and develop initiative.

  1. Develop personal financial skills.
  2. Develop a business plan.
  3. Investigate entrepreneurship opportunities.

Standard 6
Understand and demonstrate continuous improvement.

  1. Conduct a worker interview.
  2. Demonstrate evaluation skills.
  3. Examine ethics and values in the workplace.
  4. Develop a working relationship with a mentor.
  5. Construct a job search network.


UEN logo http://www.uen.org - in partnership with Utah State Board of Education (USBE) and Utah System of Higher Education (USHE).  Send questions or comments to USBE Specialist - A Bodell and see the CTE/Skilled & Technical Sciences Education website. For general questions about Utah's Core Standards contact the Director - THALEA LONGHURST .

These materials have been produced by and for the teachers of the State of Utah. Copies of these materials may be freely reproduced for teacher and classroom use. When distributing these materials, credit should be given to Utah State Board of Education. These materials may not be published, in whole or part, or in any other format, without the written permission of the Utah State Board of Education, 250 East 500 South, PO Box 144200, Salt Lake City, Utah 84114-4200.