Health Education - 6th Grade
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Health Education in sixth grade uses the knowledge and skills students have learned by practicing and applying healthy behaviors in each strand:
- Health Foundations and Protective Factors of Healthy Self (HF) is intended to be the foundation of the Health Education Core. Protective factors are attributes such as skills, strengths, or coping strategies which increase the health and well-being of children. These attributes help people deal more effectively with stress, peer-pressure, and other potentially harmful situations. Students with strong protective factors are less likely to develop mental illness or substance use disorders. Students will develop strategies for achieving SMART (specific, measurable, attainable, realistic, timely) goals, communicate personal boundaries, and understand locus of control to build strong protective factors.
- Mental and Emotional Health (MEH) teaches students how to advocate for the mental and emotional health of self and others. Students will learn and adopt behaviors which will also maintain and enhance physical and social health. Strategies to help students manage their thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are key components of this strand. Students will learn how to cope with change and stressors and recognize when support is needed for mental and emotional health.
- Safety and Disease Prevention (SDP) helps students understand their role in protecting themselves and others from unintentional danger, risk, injury, or disease. Students will learn and adopt behaviors which will maintain and enhance health. Students will develop specific safety strategies and learn risk factors for disease.
- Substance Abuse Prevention (SAP) improves health by teaching students the knowledge and skills to make choices to avoid substance abuse. Students will learn the impact substances have on brain development. Students will also explore the consequences of substance abuse.
- Nutrition (N) helps students understand the vital role food preparation and consumption will have on their health throughout their life. A healthy diet supports the immune system and reduces the occurrence of many diseases. Proper nutrition is linked to learning readiness, academic achievement, and decreased discipline and emotional problems. Students will learn about safe and healthy nutrition habits. Students will also explore the impact of culture on eating behavior.
- Human Development (HD) teaches students how their body changes throughout their lifespan, how to care for and protect their bodies in a way that is developmentally and age appropriate, and characteristics of a healthy relationship. Students will learn about the digestive, respiratory and cardiovascular systems.
Core Standards of the Course
Strand 1: HEALTH FOUNDATIONS AND PROTECTIVE FACTORS OF HEALTHY SELF (HF)
Students will enhance goal-setting, decision-making, and communication skills.
Create a SMART goal and track the progress and identify obstacles to achieving goals and how to overcome them.
Explain how personal values, differences, and beliefs contribute to personal boundaries and how boundaries are an important factor in making healthy decisions.
Define locus of control and the impact it has on decision-making.
Demonstrate positive ways to communicate differences of opinion while maintaining relationships.
Describe how to build and maintain healthy relationships through positive habits, friendships, honesty, and respect. Describe how to end unhealthy relationships.
Strand 2: MENTAL AND EMOTIONAL HEALTH (MEH)
Students will explore common life changes and practice strategies to reduce risk factors and enhance factors that promote positive mental and emotional health.
Explore common life changes (for example, moving, changing schools, friendships, family dynamics, deaths) and list healthy coping strategies.
Explore various options for managing stress by creating a personal stress management plan and adopting effective stress-reduction behaviors.
Describe the influence of culture and media, including social media, on self-esteem and body image.
List warning signs of depression, anxiety, and suicide and identify how, why, and when talking with a trusted adult (for example, parent, guardian, relative, teacher, counselor, clergy) is needed.
Discuss strategies to help self and others affected by mental and emotional health issues (for example, depression, anxiety, violence, bullying, self-harm, suicidal thoughts).
Strand 3: SAFETY AND DISEASE PREVENTION (SDP)
Students will learn skills to lay the foundation for long-term healthy behaviors.
Create personal rules and strategies (for example, use of safety equipment, protective gear, seat-belts, sunscreen) incorporating healthy lifestyle activities in home, school, social, and community settings.
Describe various ways the media can influence thoughts and feelings that may lead one to take unnecessary risks and develop strategies for minimizing risk (for example, dangerous activities, unsafe challenges , purchase choices, eating behaviors).
Explore consequences for using technology inappropriately and discuss school policies.
Identify blood borne pathogens, such as HIV and Hepatitis B, and methods to prevent disease transmission.
Analyze how various factors, including lifestyle choices, increase or decrease risk factors for disease.
Strand 4: SUBSTANCE ABUSE PREVENTION (SAP)
Students will develop skills to educate themselves about the consequences of substance use and practice ways to resist negative peer pressure.
Practice ways to resist negative peer pressure in a variety of situations and environments.
Explain how the development of the frontal lobe impacts decision- making and how harmful substances affect development.
Recognize potential physical, mental, emotional, and social short and long-term consequences of alcohol, tobacco, nicotine, and other substance use.
Strand 5: NUTRITION (N)
Students will develop personal healthy eating habits and positive body image. Students will also recognize global food resources.
Locate age-appropriate guidelines for eating and physical activity.
Evaluate personal nutritional habits and physical activity levels and set goals.
Analyze the harmful effects of engaging in unscientific diet practices to lose or gain weight.
Recognize the importance of a healthy body image and develop appropriate food and exercise behaviors.
Research food culture around the world and identify foods that are produced in different regions.
Strand 6: HUMAN DEVELOPMENT (HD)
Students will learn basic anatomy and physiology of body systems and practice skills to build healthy relationships. Utah Code requires parental notification for instruction on child sexual abuse prevention.
Describe the digestive, respiratory, and cardiovascular systems and their basic functions.
Explain the importance of practicing behaviors that maintain good hygiene.
Discuss how to clearly say no, leave a situation or interaction, and identify and talk with a trusted adult when feeling uncomfortable, afraid, or unsafe and understand the possible need to talk with more than one adult.
http://www.uen.org - in partnership with Utah State Board of Education
(USBE) and Utah System of Higher Education
(USHE). Send questions or comments to USBE Specialist -
and see the Health Education website. For
general questions about Utah's Core Standards contact the Director
- DIANA SUDDRETH .
These materials have been produced by and for the teachers of the
State of Utah. Copies of these materials may be freely reproduced
for teacher and classroom use. When distributing these materials,
credit should be given to Utah State Board of Education. These
materials may not be published, in whole or part, or in any other
format, without the written permission of the Utah State Board of
Education, 250 East 500 South, PO Box 144200, Salt Lake City, Utah