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Early Learning Curriculum Lifelong Learning Practices Standards for 4-Year-Olds
Course Preface Course Preface


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Core Standards of the Course

In the Approaches to Learning Standards, children develop self-regulation and executive functioning, learning engagement (initiative and persistence), and creativity and curiosity.

Self-Regulation, which is the ability to regulate one’s own behavior while engaging with others and in the learning environment, is a key developmental task of the preschool years. Executive Functioning includes the essential learning skills of attention focusing, working memory, information processing, and reflection.

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Standard LLP 4 yr.1.1
With prompting and support, display increasing ability to self-regulate external behaviors (for example, follow simple directions, wait for turns, and transition between activities).

Standard LLP 4 yr.1.2
With prompting and support, display increasing ability to focus attention on key, meaningful components of an object or task (Attention focusing, for example, sort and classify objects into categories and provide on-topic responses).

Standard LLP 4 yr.1.3
With prompting and support, develop increasingly effective strategies to connect and remember information (Working memory and information processing, for example, use self-talk, tell others the events of the day).

Standard LLP 4 yr.1.4
With prompting and support, develop the ability to recognize and show awareness of thinking processes (Reflection, for example, the child explains what strategies are used to build in blocks).

Learning Engagement is the way children continue to develop the ability to actively explore and participate in the learning environment. This engagement involves supporting the child as the child develops self-directed, goal-oriented exploration and discovery.

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Sub-strand: INITIATIVE
Initiative involves children continuously developing the skills for engaging in learning, planning, and implementing strategies for accomplishing their goals.

Standard LLP 4 yr.2.1
With prompting and support, plan out the multiple steps needed and identify strategies to use to accomplish a goal or to guide play.

Standard LLP 4 yr.2.2
Display an increasing ability to investigate their immediate environment by using a variety of tools, questions, and strategies to better understand their interests and experiences (for example, discover why worms come out of the ground after it rains).

Standard LLP 4 yr.2.3
Develop an increasing ability to connect new information or experiences with previous knowledge through interactions with teachers, peers, and the environment (for example, help develop classroom rules using the previous experience with rules in the classroom or home).

Persistence describes the child’s ability to focus on engagement with learning materials and activities for increasing periods of time. Teachers support children as they learn that making mistakes and trying different strategies are part of the learning process. Teachers support persistence as they assist children to recognize their ability to complete challenging or difficult tasks.

Standard LLP 4 yr.2.4
Develop an increasing ability and willingness to continue with a task through challenges or difficulties (for example, continue to build in the block area even when the child has difficulty finding a piece they need).

Standard LLP 4 yr.2.5
Develop the ability to sustain engagement in active learning small- and large- group activities, working alone or cooperatively.

The creativity and curiosity strand focuses on supporting children’s natural curiosity and creativity as they explore and learn about the world around them. Adults encourage children to develop flexibility and originality as they use materials and activities to investigate their immediate environments.

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Standard LLP 4 yr.3.1
Ask and answer questions to seek additional information about materials, challenges, and activities they experience in their immediate environment to expand their knowledge and skills.

Standard LLP 4 yr.3.2
With prompting and support, display an increasing ability to engage in a variety of problem-solving strategies (for example, recognize cause and effect, use trial and error, make predictions, and identify steps for problem solving).

Standard LLP 4 yr.3.3
Explore and use materials during play and exploration in new and different ways (for example, a cardboard box becomes a spaceship, racecar, or a cave).

Standard LLP 4 yr.3.4
Show flexibility in approaching open-ended tasks (for example, be willing to experiment and risk trying out a new idea or approach).

Social development includes self-awareness, regulation and recognition of emotions, emotional responsiveness, and the ability to interact with others effectively in social settings.

Children identify their personal characteristics and nurture self-confidence as they approach tasks.

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Standard LLP 4 yr.4.1
Demonstrate awareness of one’s own identity, including personal information, characteristics, preferences, and abilities (for example, name, age, parent/caregiver, family members, gender, physical attributes, likes/dislikes) and participate in respectful discussions about similarities and differences with others.

Standard LLP 4 yr.4.2
Participate in self-selected or organized activities by exploring learning materials including outdoor equipment (for example, a child chooses paint or markers for artwork).

Standard LLP 4 yr.4.3
Begin to maintain personal boundaries while participating in movement or daily classroom activities.

Standard LLP 4 yr.4.4
Communicate wants and needs including thoughts and feelings with actions or words.

Standard LLP 4 yr.4.5
Begin to contribute and take pride in the classroom community (for example, volunteer to help others).

Strand 5: EMOTIONS
Children identify and regulate their emotions, manage stress, and show self-discipline as well as recognize the emotional experiences of others. Emotions are included in the Health Education Standards and are imperative to Lifelong Learning Practices. The Emotional Health Standards found in Health Education Strand 3 are incorporated below.

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Standard LLP 4 yr.5.1
Separate and reunite with parents or caregivers without stress.

Standard LLP 4 yr.5.2
Recognize that feelings can change and different feelings are experienced throughout the day.

Standard HE 4 yr.3.1
Express, identify, and label emotions of self and others (for example, happy, sad, angry, afraid, frustrated, bored) and feelings (for example, thirsty, hungry, hot, cold, tired).

Standard HE 4 yr.3.2
With prompting and support, begin to demonstrate methods to calm down (for example, deep breathing, count to ten, mindfulness).

Standard HE 4 yr.3.3
With prompting and support, develop and practice self-control by regulating one’s own impulses and feelings, following simple directions, waiting for turns, transitioning between activities, and complying with limitations.

Children develop relationships through communication and social engagement. Children begin to learn to cooperate and resolve conflict with peers and adults.

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Communication begins with awareness of others, learning social cues and building relationships. Healthy relationships are included in the Health Education Standards and are imperative to Lifelong Learning Practices. The Relationship Standards found in Health Education Strand 2 are incorporated below.

Standard LLP 4 yr.6.1
With prompting and support, respond appropriately to the tone of voice, facial expressions, and gestures of peers and adults.

Standard LLP 4 yr.6.2
With prompting and support, communicate with others by attending to and responding to peers and adults individually or in a group (for example, taking turns in conversation).

Standard HE 4 yr.2.2
Identify and practice how to make friends and be a good friend by developing friendships with peers and participating in cooperative play.

Children build appropriate social skills as they learn to negotiate friendships, join in play, and interact cooperatively. Healthy relationships are included in the Health Education Standards and are imperative to Lifelong Learning Practices. The Relationship Standards found in Health Education Strand 2 are incorporated below.

Standard LLP 4 yr.6.3
Show interest in peers by getting their attention in appropriate ways (for example, call a child by name or tap him/her on the shoulder).

Standard LLP 4 yr.6.4
Maintain awareness of and respect others’ personal space.

Standard LLP 4 yr.6.5
Begin to maintain self-control during play with others.

Standard HE 4 yr.2.3
With prompting and support, join in, invite, and interact cooperatively with others by sharing, turn-taking, resolving conflicts, and recognizing others’ needs.

Standard HE 4 yr.2.4
With prompting and support, attend to and show appreciation for the actions or choices of others (for example, compliment others).

Children will begin to recognize that problems exist and learn how to resolve simple conflicts utilizing communication and problem-solving skills.

Standard LLP 4 yr.6.6
Use appropriate communication or actions when social problems arise to identify the problem and explore basic solutions (for example, how to gain someone’s attention appropriately, how to express frustration appropriately, how to seek help from an adult).

UEN logo - in partnership with Utah State Board of Education (USBE) and Utah System of Higher Education (USHE).  Send questions or comments to USBE Specialist - Jessica Mackley and see the Early Learning website. For general questions about Utah's Core Standards contact the Director - Jennifer Throndsen.

These materials have been produced by and for the teachers of the State of Utah. Copies of these materials may be freely reproduced for teacher and classroom use. When distributing these materials, credit should be given to Utah State Board of Education. These materials may not be published, in whole or part, or in any other format, without the written permission of the Utah State Board of Education, 250 East 500 South, PO Box 144200, Salt Lake City, Utah 84114-4200.