Mathematics Grade 4
Strand: OPERATIONS AND ALGEBRAIC THINKING (4.OA)
Use the four operations with whole numbers (addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division) to solve problems (Standards 4.OA.1–3)
. Gain familiarity with factors and multiples (Standard 4.OA.4)
. Generate and analyze numeric and shape patterns (Standard 4.OA.5)
Generate a number or shape pattern that follows a given rule. Identify apparent features of the pattern that were not explicit in the rule itself. For example, given the rule "add 3" and the starting number 1, generate terms in the resulting sequence and observe that the terms appear to alternate between odd and even numbers. Explain informally why the numbers will continue to alternate in this way.
Chessboard Algebra and Function Machines
This Teaching Channel video shows how students can find the rule that determines the number of chessboard squares. (6 min.)
Double Plus One
This task is meant to be used in an instructional setting. Part (b) of this task is intentionally left open-ended to encourage students to develop the habit of looking for patterns that might hint at some underlying structure as described in Standard for Mathematical Practice 7, Look for and make use of structure.
Grade 4 Mathematics Module 5: Fraction Equivalence, Ordering, and Operations
In this 40-day module, students build on their Grade 3 work with unit fractions as they explore fraction equivalence and extend this understanding to mixed numbers. This leads to the comparison of fractions and mixed numbers and the representation of both in a variety of models. Benchmark fractions play an important part in students ability to generalize and reason about relative fraction and mixed number sizes. Students then have the opportunity to apply what they know to be true for whole number operations to the new concepts of fraction and mixed number operations.
Grade 4 Unit 2: Multiplication and Division of Whole Numbers (Georgia Standards)
In this unit students will solve multi-step problems using the four operations, use estimation to solve multiplication and division problems, find factors and multiples, identify prime and composite numbers and generate patterns.
Multiples of 3, 6, and 7
This task investigates divisibility properties for the numbers 3, 6, and 7. Students first make a list of multiples of 3 and then investigate this list further, looking for multiples of 6 and 7.
Multiples of Nine
This task asks the students to start with 9 and list the first 10 multiples of 9.
They are asked "In the list in part (a) what patterns do you see with the digits in the 10's place? What patterns do you see with the digits in the 1's place?" Using pictures, words, or equations, they must explain the patterns observed in part (b).
Operations and Algebraic Thinking - Fourth Grade Core Guide
The Utah State Board of Education (USBE) and educators around the state of Utah developed these guides for Fourth Grade Mathematics - Operations and Algebraic Thinking (4.OA)
http://www.uen.org - in partnership with Utah State Board of Education
(USBE) and Utah System of Higher Education
(USHE). Send questions or comments to USBE Specialist -
and see the Mathematics - Elementary website. For
general questions about Utah's Core Standards contact the Director
- Jennifer Throndsen .
These materials have been produced by and for the teachers of the
State of Utah. Copies of these materials may be freely reproduced
for teacher and classroom use. When distributing these materials,
credit should be given to Utah State Board of Education. These
materials may not be published, in whole or part, or in any other
format, without the written permission of the Utah State Board of
Education, 250 East 500 South, PO Box 144200, Salt Lake City, Utah